19 (song)

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19 single.jpg
Single by Paul Hardcastle
from the album Paul Hardcastle
B-side"Fly by Night"
  • 6:20 (album version)
  • 3:37 (single version)
Producer(s)Paul Hardcastle
Paul Hardcastle singles chronology
"Eat Your Heart Out"
Audio sample

"19" is a song by British musician Paul Hardcastle released as the first single from his self-titled third studio album Paul Hardcastle (1985).

The song has a strong anti-war message, focusing on America's involvement in the Vietnam War and the effect it had on the soldiers who served. The track was notable for early use of sampled and processed speech, in particular a synthesized stutter effect used on the words 'nineteen' and 'destruction'. It also includes various non-speech, re-dubbed sampling, such as crowd noise and a military bugle call.

"19" features sampled narration (voiced by Peter Thomas), out-of-context interview dialogue ("I wasn't really sure what was going on") and news reports from Vietnam Requiem[3] the ABC television documentary about the post-traumatic stress disorder suffered by Vietnam veterans. In 2009, the song placed at 73 on VH1's 100 Greatest One-Hit Wonders of the 80s.[4]

"19" had huge international success in the charts; it went to No. 1 in the UK for five weeks, as well as a number of other countries worldwide. "19" became the top-selling single in 13 countries for 1985. This was helped by international versions of the song spoken by well-known local news anchors in French, Spanish, German and Japanese. The song received the Ivor Novello award for Best-selling single of 1985. The song's English-language release came in three different 12" versions: "Extended Version", "Destruction Mix" and "The Final Story", all with an alternative cover design.

Background and content[edit]

Hardcastle was inspired to create the song after watching Vietnam Requiem,[3] and comparing his own life at 19 to those of the soldiers featured: "...what struck me was how young the soldiers were: the documentary said their average age was 19. I was out having fun in pubs and clubs when I was 19, not being shoved into jungles and shot at."[5]

The title "19" comes from the documentary's narrative that the average age of an American combat soldier in the war was 19, as compared to World War II's 26.[6] This claim has since been disputed.[7] Undisputed statistics do not exist, although Southeast Asia Combat Area Casualties Current File (CACCF), the source for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, shows a large number of deaths (38%) were ages 19 or 20. According to the same source, 23 is the average age at time of death (or time of declaration of death).[8] The song also comments that while the tour of duty was longer during World War II, soldiers in Vietnam were subjected to hostile fire more frequently: almost every day.[6]

Musically, the song was inspired by electro, particularly Afrika Bambaataa, although Hardcastle also "added a bit of jazz and a nice melody", and beyond the sampling of the documentary narration, the song incorporated pieces of interviews with soldiers.[5][6] The song's pivotal hook, the repetitive "N-n-n-n-nineteen", was chosen due to the limitations of the early sampling technology used. The E-mu Emulator could only sample for two seconds, so the hook was based around "the only bit of the narrative that made sense in two seconds".[5] Hardcastle wasn't optimistic about the song's chances in the charts. His previous two singles for independent labels had failed to make it into the UK's top 40 and the musical policy at Radio 1 was felt to be unsupportive of dance music.[5] News interest in the song helped, with the tenth anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War seeing Hardcastle interviewed by Alastair Stewart of ITN.

Tony Blackburn, then breakfast DJ for Radio London was an early supporter of the song and it quickly reached number 1 in the UK and most of the world. Hardcastle produced different mixes of the song to help maintain interest in it.[5] Although the song did not climb as high in the United States chart, Hardcastle claims "it outsold everybody else for three weeks solid, it only reached number 15, because back then the chart was based on airplay as well as sales".[5] The song was held back in the US by some radio stations refusing to play it, feeling that the song took an anti-American stance, something Hardcastle denies, noting he "had tons of letters from Vietnam vets thanking me for doing something for them".[5]

The song's reliance on sampling also caused problems with legal clearance. Ken Grunbaum recalled in 2012 that "there were no precedents for something like this. We ended up having to pay royalties to the narrator, Peter Thomas."[5]

19 PTSD[edit]

In 2015, Hardcastle released a charity version of the song for the Talking2Minds organisation, who raise money for troops suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. This PTSD remix was also found on 19: The 30th Anniversary Collection, a compilation album which included 14 versions of the song such as the Cryogenic Freeze Remix and a version which included samples of Marvin Gaye.[9][10][11]

Music video[edit]

After the song's unexpected, rapid climb to the top of the UK Singles Chart, Chrysalis asked Vietnam Requiem directors Jonas McCord and Bill Couturié to rush a video into production.[12] Due to the lack of a band able to perform the song, the video was primarily composed of clips from the Vietnam Requiem documentary, edited together by Ken Grunbaum. The first version of the video included footage from the television networks NBC and ABC, including a newscast by ABC anchorman Frank Reynolds.[12] After it was aired on MTV in the US, NBC and ABC objected to the "bad taste" of using the serious clips in a "trivial" form of "propaganda".[12] McCord and Couterie were forced to produce a new cut incorporating public domain footage, but ABC permitted Reynolds' audio to remain.[12] Couterie asserted at the time that the television networks opposed the video because it involved rock music:[12]

What is the difference between the words in our song and the 7 o'clock news? The only difference is rock'n'roll. And why did they love the documentary and hate the video so much? Every word in the song is from the film, and there was never any argument with the facts. The only difference is the music.[12]

Charts and certifications[edit]


In the same year of release, comedian Rory Bremner, using the band name The Commentators, released a parodied version of the song as "N-N-Nineteen Not Out", about the England cricket team's poor performance in test matches, with references to the team's disastrous 1984 home series against the West Indies in which captain David Gower had averaged 19.[47]

Other uses in popular culture[edit]

Manchester United used the "19" soundtrack to celebrate their 19th Premier League title in May 2011,[48] and the song made a reappearance in the UK Top 40.[33]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ We-Enhance (16 March 2011). "Simon Fuller: From "American Idol" To Formula 1 Idol". B*tchBack. Retrieved 21 July 2013. Simon Fuller (...) produced "19" for Paul Hardcastle- a very cheesy slice of Eighties' synth pop
  2. ^ Huey, Steve. "Paul Hardcastle – Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b Vietnam Requiem at IMDb
  4. ^ Ali, Rahsheeda. "100 Greatest One-Hit Wonders of the '80s". VH1. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Simpson, Dave (24 September 2012). "How we made the pop song 19 by Paul Hardcastle and Ken Grunbaum". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012.
  6. ^ a b c Perone, James E. (2001). Songs of the Vietnam conflict. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-313-31528-2.
  7. ^ Roush, Gary (2 June 2008). "Statistics about the Vietnam War". Vietnam Helicopter Flight Crew Network. Archived from the original on 7 December 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009. Assuming KIAs accurately represented age groups serving in Vietnam, the average age of an infantryman (MOS 11B) serving in Vietnam to be 19 years old is a myth, it was actually 22. None of the enlisted grades have an average age of less than 20.
  8. ^ "Statistical information about casualties of the Vietnam War". Archived from the original on 24 September 2008..
  9. ^ Sinclair, Paul (15 April 2015). "Paul Hardcastle: 19: The 30th Anniversary Collection". Super Deluxe Edition. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  10. ^ Sinclair, Paul (21 May 2015). "Paul Hardcastle on '19' at 30". Super Deluxe Edition. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  11. ^ Blunden, Mark (20 May 2015). "Eighties star Paul Hardcastle re-releases anti-war hit 19 to raise funds for British soldiers". Evening Standard. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Bessman, Jim (1 June 1985). "Anti-War Clip Provokes Network Wrath". Billboard. Vol. 97 no. 22. pp. 38–39. ISSN 0006-2510.
  13. ^ "Hits of the World". Billboard. Vol. 97 no. 24. 15 June 1985. p. 66. ISSN 0006-2510.
  14. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Paul Hardcastle – 19" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Ultratop.be – Paul Hardcastle – 19" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 0560." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  17. ^ "MusicSeek.info – UK, Eurochart, Billboard & Cashbox No.1 Hits". MusicSeek.info. Archived from the original on 14 June 2006.
  18. ^ "Lescharts.com – Paul Hardcastle – 19" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  19. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – 19 (re 1)". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  20. ^ "Singoli – I numeri uno (1959–2006) (parte 3: 1980–1990)". It-charts.150m.com (in Italian). Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  21. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 26, 1985" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  22. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Paul Hardcastle – 19" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Charts.nz – Paul Hardcastle – 19". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Paul Hardcastle – 19". VG-lista. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  25. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 – 1989 Acts (H)". Rock.co.za. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  26. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (in Spanish) (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  27. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Paul Hardcastle – 19". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Paul Hardcastle – 19". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d "Paul Hardcastle – Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013.
  31. ^ "CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending JULY 27, 1985". Cash Box. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012.
  32. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Paul Hardcastle – {{{song}}}". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  33. ^ a b "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  35. ^ "Jahreshitparade 1985" (in German). Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  36. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1985" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  37. ^ "RPM's Top 100 Singles of 1985". RPM. Vol. 43 no. 16. 28 December 1985. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  38. ^ "Jahrescharts – 1985" (in German). Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment Charts. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014.
  39. ^ "Top 100-Jaaroverzicht van 1985" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  40. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1985" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  41. ^ "End of Year Charts 1985". Recorded Music New Zealand. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  42. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1985" (in German). Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  43. ^ "Chart Archive – 1980s Singles". everyHit.com. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  44. ^ "Canadian single certifications – Paul Hardcastle – 19". Music Canada.
  45. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Paul Hardcastle)" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
  46. ^ "British single certifications – Paul Hardcastle – 19". British Phonographic Industry.
  47. ^ "West Indies in England, 1984 – Test Averages". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2 February 2009.
  48. ^ Roughley, Gregg (9 May 2011). "Manchester United fans campaign to get 19 to No1 when club wins title". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 July 2013.

External links[edit]