Dutch Top 40

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Hans Breukhoven and Lex Harding celebrating a printed edition of the Dutch Top 40 in 2005

The Dutch Top 40 (Dutch: Nederlandse Top 40) is a weekly music chart compiled by Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. It started as a radio program titled "Veronica Top 40", on the offshore station Radio Veronica in 1965. It remained "The Veronica Top 40" until 1974, when the station was forced to stop broadcasting. Joost den Draaijer was the initiator of the Top 40 in the Netherlands. The show is currently aired on Friday from 2 till 6 PM on Qmusic.

History[edit]

On January 2, 1965, the first Top 40 was compiled, with its first #1 hit "I Feel Fine" by The Beatles. In September 1974, the Stichting Nederlandse Top 40 bought the Top 40 and named it De Nederlandse Top 40. The Dutch Top 40 is one of the four official charts in the Netherlands, the other three being the B2B Single Top 100, which is based entirely on pure sales and streaming, the Mega Top 50 from (NPO 3FM) which, like the Dutch Top 40 also includes airplay data and the 538 Top 50.

From October 4th. 1974 until May 20th. 1976, the Top 40 was broadcast by TROS on the pop radio station Hilversum 3, presented by Dutch famous DJ Ferry Maat. From May 28th, 1976 until November 29th. 1985 the Top 40 was broadcast by Veronica on Hilversum 3. As of December 1st. 1985, after the rename of the station name to Radio 3, the Top 40 continued to be broadcast by Veronica on Radio 3.

In January 1993 Radio 3 decided that the broadcasting of two hit lists (the other one was the Nationale Top 100) on one radio station must come to an end and therefore as from February 7th. 1993 Radio 3 started to broadcast a new hitlist: the Mega Top 50 and wanted to terminate the broadcasting of the Top 40. Due to a lawsuit of the Stichting Nederlandse Top 40, Veronica had to continue broadcasting the Dutch Top 40 on Radio 3 until December 18th. 1993.

Compilation[edit]

Composition[edit]

For most of its history, the Top 40 was based on sales figures of record stores. These were collected through telephone surveys. As of 1999, the airplay of a limited number of radio stations was included. Between 2006 and 2014, download figures were added to the mix. They were removed again because supposedly, download sales could be easily manipulated by record companies or artists.[1]

As of February 2014, the chart is a combination of airplay, streaming, and social media trends.[2] The more often a song gets played on the radio, the higher its ranking in the Top 40.

To compute year-end chart positions, the weekly #1 positions get 40 points, the #2 positions get 39 points, etc. These weekly scores are then added up and sorted by single to determine the ranking.

Tipparade[edit]

The Tipparade, a 'bubbling under' chart for the Top 40, is based on sales, streaming, airplay, and recommendations from both the general public and the music industry. [3]

Rules[edit]

There is a set of rules, of which some have existed since 1972, that has been maintained up until 2012. Some of these have been criticized as a hindrance.

  • Since late 1971, singles had to remain at least two weeks in the charts. If a single officially no longer belongs in the Top 40, these are placed on #40.
    • Example: Missy Elliott's "Lose Control": Remained two weeks on #40 in the chart, because it did not sell enough and also wasn't played enough on the radio.
    • There have been two exceptions for this, though: In October 1994, Pet Shop Boys's "Yesterday, When I Was Mad" stayed in the charts for only one week due to an error in the compilation, and in late September 2007, Kus's "4 meiden" just didn't sell enough to stay in the charts for two weeks.
  • Since 1983, singles that move up in the chart by a large number of positions are assigned superstip ("super bullet") status. These singles were not allowed to fall down in chart position in the following week. If a superstip single had comparatively lower sales/airplay statistics a week later, it would remain stuck on the same chart position until the second week of drop, by which time it may appear as if it dropped hard in chart positions.
    • Example: Guus Meeuwis's "Ik wil dat ons land juicht": The song entered the chart at #11 (superstip), rose up to #5 (superstip again) in its second week. The following week it was meant to drop in chart position, but remained on the #5 position. The following two weeks, it went from #5 to #39. Because of this rule, this single was the biggest fall down in the Top 40. However, this was not always the case. Sometimes singles with a superstip status did drop, for example, if there's no room.
  • Up until 2005, there were no clear rules on when a single could re-enter the Top 40. Apparently, a song had to re-enter at least in the top 30 portions of the chart to be allowed back, which happened occasionally. In the case of re-issued singles, there were no rules whatsoever - these singles could re-enter anyway. Since the mid-2000s, new rules were implemented, meaning that only songs from recently deceased artists could return to the Top 40, such as Michael Jackson's Billie Jean after the artist's death in 2009. Since 2012, "normal" re-entries have started to occur again. During the Christmas season, however, re-entries of older Christmas classics (e.g. Wham!'s Last Christmas or Mariah Carey's All I Want for Christmas Is You) are barred from re-entering the Top 40, even though their streaming and airplay activity should earn them a Top 40 position.
  • Singles with double A-side are listed separately in the Top 40; due to the (possible) different amount of airplay the two songs get.

Records, milestones and achievements[edit]

This is a listing of significant achievements and milestones based upon the Dutch Top 40 charts.

Song achievements[edit]

Most weeks at number one[edit]

  • 16 weeks
Calvin Harris with Dua Lipa — "One Kiss" (2018)
  • 15 weeks
Ed Sheeran — "Shape of You" (2017)
Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee featuring Justin Bieber — "Despacito (Remix)" (2017)
Tones and I — "Dance Monkey" (2019-20)
  • 14 weeks
The Weeknd — "Blinding Lights" (2020)
  • 13 weeks
Gusttavo Lima — "Balada" (2012)
  • 12 weeks
Marco Borsato — "Dromen zijn bedrog" (1994)
Shawn Mendes featuring Camila Cabello — "Señorita" (2019)
  • 11 weeks
Bryan Adams — "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (1991)
Marco Borsato — "Rood" (2006)
André Hazes and Gerard Joling — "Blijf bij mij (Dit zijn voor mij de allermooiste uren)" (2007)
Bruno Mars — "Just the Way You Are" (2010)
Michel Teló — "Ai se eu te pego!" (2012)
Robin Thicke featuring T.I. & Pharrell Williams — "Blurred Lines" (2013)
Avicii — "Wake Me Up" (2013)
Clean Bandit featuring Jess Glynne — "Rather Be" (2014)
OMI — "Cheerleader" (Felix Jaehn remix) (2015)
Davina Michelle — "Duurt te lang" (2018-19)
  • 10 weeks
Heintje — "Ich bau' dir ein Schloß" (1968)
4 Non Blondes — "What's Up? (1993)
Vangelis — "Conquest of Paradise" (1995)
Céline Dion — "My Heart Will Go On" (1998)
Owl City — "Fireflies" (2009–10)
Alexis Jordan — "Happiness" (2011)
Mike Posner — "I Took a Pill in Ibiza (SeeB remix) (2016)
BLØF featuring Geike Arnaert — "Zoutelande" (2018)

Source:[4]

Most total weeks in the Top 40[edit]

  • 49 weeks
Pharrell Williams — "Happy" (2013–14)
  • 42 weeks
Lewis Capaldi - "Someone You Loved" (2019)
  • 41 weeks
Corry en De Rekels — "Huilen is voor jou te laat" (1970–71)
  • 40 weeks
Trio Hellenique — "Zorba's Dance" (1965–66, 1974)[1]
The Scorpions — "Hello Josephine" (1965, 1977)
  • 39 weeks
Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg — "Je t'aime... moi non plus" (1969, 1974)
  • 38 weeks
Gotye featuring Kimbra — "Somebody That I Used to Know" (2011–12)
Avicii — "Wake Me Up" (2013–14, 2018)
  • 35 weeks
Nini Rosso / Heinz Schachtner / Willy Schobben — "Il Silenzio (Abschiedsmelodie)" (1965–66)[2]
Dave Berry — "This Strange Effect" (1965–66)
  • 34 weeks
De Heikrekels — "Waarom heb jij me laten staan?" (1967)
John Legend — "All of Me" (2013–14)
The Weeknd - "Blinding Lights" (2019-2020)
  • 33 weeks
Henk Westbroek — "Zelfs je naam is mooi" (1998–99)
Gers Pardoel — "Ik neem je mee" (2011–12)
Nielson — "Beauty en de brains" (2012–13)
Lorde — "Royals" (2013–2014)
Sam Smith — "Stay with Me" (2014–15)
Major Lazer and DJ Snake featuring — "Lean On" (2015)
Five Seconds of Summer - "Youngblood" (2018-19)
Danny_Vera_(singer)Danny Vera - "Rollercoaster" (2019-20)
Camila Cabello ft. Young Thug - "Havana (Camila Cabello song)" (2017-18)

Source:[5]

Notes
  • 1 ^Three different versions of the song (which was featured in the 1964 film Zorba the Greek), performed by Trio Hellenique, Mikis Theodorakis and Duo Acropolis, were combined as one chart entry (which happened more often in the 1960s), spending 37 weeks on the chart. The Trio Hellenique version spent three more weeks on the chart in 1974, totalling 40 weeks.
  • 2 ^ Different versions of the song were performed by three different artists, and were listed on the Top 40 as only one song.

Number-one debuts[edit]

Artist achievements[edit]

Most Top 40 entries[edit]

Source:[6]

Most number-one singles[edit]

Number of singles Artist
16 The Beatles
14 Marco Borsato
8 ABBA
7 Justin Bieber
6 (tie) Queen
6 (tie) Michael Jackson
6 (tie) George Michael
6 (tie) Jan Smit
5 (tie) Bee Gees
5 (tie) The Cats
5 (tie) The Rolling Stones
5 (tie) The Kinks
5 (tie) Golden Earring
5 (tie) David Bowie
5 (tie) UB40
5 (tie) Madonna

Source:[7]

Most weeks at number one
(Total)
Artist Record
United Kingdom The Beatles 74 weeks
Netherlands Marco Borsato 69 weeks
Canada Justin Bieber 41 weeks
United Kingdom George Michael 26 weeks
United Kingdom Ed Sheeran 26 weeks
United Kingdom Elton John 25 weeks
Netherlands Jan Smit 25 weeks
Sweden ABBA 24 weeks
United States Madonna 22 weeks
United Kingdom Calvin Harris 22 weeks
United Kingdom Rolling Stones 20 weeks
Netherlands The Cats 20 weeks
Netherlands Guus Meeuwis 20 weeks
Most weeks at number one
(in 1 year)
Artist Year Record
United Kingdom The Beatles 1965 30 weeks
Netherlands Marco Borsato 2006 22 weeks
United Kingdom Ed Sheeran 2017 20 weeks
United Kingdom The Beatles 1966 19 weeks
United Kingdom Calvin Harris 2018 16 weeks
United Kingdom Dua Lipa 2018 16 weeks
Canada Justin Bieber 2016 15 weeks
2017
Sweden Avicii 2013 15 weeks
United States Pharrell Williams 2013 15 weeks
Jamaica Shaggy 2001 14 weeks
Netherlands André Hazes 2007 14 weeks
United States Bruno Mars 2010 14 weeks
Canada The Weeknd 2020 14 weeks
Netherlands Heintje 1968 13 weeks
Australia Olivia Newton-John 1978 13 weeks
Colombia Shakira 2002 13 weeks
Netherlands Marco Borsato 2004 13 weeks
Brazil Gusttavo Lima 2012 13 weeks
Australia Tones and I 2019 13 weeks
Most successful top 40 artists
Artist Weeks Points
United States Madonna 470 12550
Canada Justin Bieber 449 11934
United Kingdom Rolling Stones 448 11649
United Kingdom The Beatles 312 9220
Netherlands Golden Earring 365 9093
United States Michael Jackson 336 8563
Netherlands BZN 373 8249
Netherlands The Cats 335 8077
United Kingdom Bee Gees 326 7625
United Kingdom Queen 323 7577
Most successful artists
(combined Single top 40 and Album top 100)
Artist Weeks Points
Netherlands BZN 1106 60375
United Kingdom Rolling Stones 1117 57200
United States Madonna 1107 53994
Netherlands Golden Earring 1039 53833
United Kingdom Queen 1014 53647
Netherlands André Hazes 972 49412
Sweden ABBA 761 46439
Republic of Ireland U2 906 45913
United States Michael Jackson 873 44240
Canada Celine Dion 775 43119

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Geschiedenis Nederlandse Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  2. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Samenstelling Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  3. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Geschiedenis Nederlandse Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  4. ^ "Langst op nummer 1". www.top40.nl. Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  5. ^ "Langst in de top 40". www.top40.nl. Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  6. ^ Top 40, Stichting Nederlandse. "Artiest met de meeste Top 40-hits". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  7. ^ "Artiest met meeste nummer 1-hits". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 31 December 2013.

External links[edit]