1st Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry
|1st Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
Flag of the United States, 1863-1865
|Active||May 20, 1861, to August 30, 1865|
|Engagements||Battle of Wilson's Creek
Battle of Lake Providence
Battle of Richmond, Louisiana
Battle of Goodrich's Landing
Yazoo City Expedition
The 1st Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. On August 10, 1861, at the Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, the regiment suffered 106 soldiers killed in action or mortally wounded, one of the highest numbers of fatalities suffered by any Union infantry regiment in a single engagement during the American Civil War.
The 1st Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Lincoln near Leavenworth, Kansas, from May 20 - June 30, 1861, the greatest number of men being recruited between May 20 and June 3. It then mustered in for three years' service under the command of Colonel George Washington Deitzler. The regiment moved to Wyandotte, thence to Kansas City and Clinton, Missouri, to Join General Lyon, June 7-July 13, 1861. Attached to Dietzler's Brigade, Lyon's Army of the West. Attached to Department of Missouri to February 1862. Department of Kansas to June 1862. District of Columbus, Kentucky, Department of Tennessee, to September 1862. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, District of Corinth, Department of Tennessee, to November 1862. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, Left Wing, XIII Corps, Department of Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, XVI Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to January 1863. 1st Brigade, 6th Division, XVII Corps, to July 1863. District of Vicksburg, Mississippi, to September 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, XVII Corps, to August 1864. Unattached, 2nd Division, XIX Corps, Department of the Gulf, to December 1864. District of Eastern Arkansas, VII Corps, Department of Arkansas, to January 1865. Department Headquarters, Department of Arkansas, to August 1865. The 1st Kansas Infantry mustered out of service on August 30, 1865.
Action at Dug Springs, Mo. August 2. At Springfield, Mo., until August 7. Battle of Wilson's Creek August 10. March to Rolla, Mo., August 11–22, thence to St. Louis, Mo., and duty on the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad until October. Duty at Tipton, Mo., guarding the Missouri Pacific Railroad, October 1861 to January 1862. Expedition to Milford, Mo., December 15–19, 1861. Shawnee Mound, Milford, December 18. At Lexington until February 1862. Moved to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in anticipation of General Curtis' New Mexico Expedition April and May. Service with McPherson's Brigade. Ordered to Columbus, Ky., and duty guarding Mobile and Ohio Railroad. Headquarters at Trenton, Tenn., until September. Brownsburg September 4. Trenton September 17. Moved to Jackson, Tenn., and duty there until November. March to relief of Corinth, Miss., October 3–5. Pursuit to Ripley October 5–12. Actions at Chewalla and Big Hill October 5. Moved to Grand Junction November 2. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad to the Yocknapatalfa River November 1862 to January 1863. Service in Vicksburg Campaign and Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Moved to Moscow, thence to Memphis, Tenn., and to Young's Point, La., January 17, 1863. Regiment mounted February 1, 1863. Moved to Lake Providence February 8, and provost duty there until July. Actions at Old River, Hood's Lane, Black Bayou and near Lake Providence February 10. Pin Hook and Caledonia, Bayou Macon, May 10. Expedition to Mechanicsburg May 26-June 4. Repulse of attack on Providence in Battle of Lake Providence June 9. Baxter's Bayou and Lake Providence June 10. Bayou Macon June 10. Battle of Richmond, La., June 15, 1863. Richmond June 16. Battle of Goodrich's Landing near Lake Providence June 29. Moved to Natchez July 12–13, and duty there until October. Expedition to Harrisonburg, La., September 1–8. Cross Bayou September 14. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., October, and duty at Big Black River and near Haynes' Bluff until June, 1864. Skirmish at Big Black River, October 8, 1863. Scout from Bovina Station to Baldwyn's Ferry November 1. Scout to Baldwyn's Ferry January 14, 1864. Expedition up Yazoo River April 19–23. McArthur's Yazoo City Expedition to Yazoo City May 4–21. Benton May 7–9. Luce's Plantation May 13. Ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, June 1, 1864. Attacked on riverboat W. R. Arthur near Columbia, Ark., June 2. Mustered out June 19, 1864. Additional Service by Veteran Volunteer Companies. Veterans on duty in District of Vicksburg, Miss., until August 1864. Ordered to Morganza, La., July 29. Operations in vicinity of Morganza September 16–25. Near Alexandria September 20. Skirmish near Atchafalaya October 4, 1864. Atchafalaya October 5. Ordered to White River, Ark., October 7, thence to Little Rock, Ark., December 7. Duty there as Headquarters Guard and escort, Department of Arkansas, until August 1865. Veteran volunteers mustered out August 30, 1865.
The regiment lost a total of 252 men during service; 7 officers and 120 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 122 enlisted men died of disease.
- Colonel George Washington Deitzler
- Colonel William Y. Roberts
- Colonel O. E. Learnard
- Lieutenant Colonel Newell W. Spicer
- Captain Gustovus Zesch, Company I "Steuben Guards"
- Captain Powell Clayton, Company E - Governor of Arkansas (1868–1871); U.S. Senator from Arkansas (1871–1877)
- Captain Daniel McCook, Jr., Company H - brigadier general, mortally wounded at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
- Captain Samuel Walker, Company F - major general in the Kansas Militia (1865-1875); Member of the Kansas State Senate (1872-1874)
- Captain Lewis Stafford, Company E - Namesake of Stafford County, Kansas, killed at Young's Point, Madison Parish, Louisiana.
- Second Lieutenant Caleb S. Pratt, Company A - Namesake of Pratt County, Kansas, killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek
- Sergeant "Daniel" Mullhattur, Company C - A woman serving as a man under an assumed name.
Mullhattur, under the assumed male name "Daniel", enlisted into Company C June 14, 1861. She rose in rank to sergeant until she died of disease in July, 1863, at Lake Providence. Her gender was discovered when her body was being prepared for burial. A witness in the hospital described her as, "more than average size for a woman with rather strongly-marked features, so that with the aid of a man's attire she had quite a masculine look." 
- Fox, William F. "INFANTRY (From Fox's Regimental Losses, Chapter 2)". www.civilwarhome.com. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- Holliday., C. K. (1865). Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, for the Year 1864. Leavenworth, Kansas: P. H. Hubbell & Co., Book and Job Printers. p. 280.
- Rev D. W. Clark D.D. Ed. The Ladies' Repository, Devoted to Literature & Religion, July, 1863, Vol XXIII. 444
- Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
- Official Military History of Kansas Regiments During the War for the Suppression of the Great Rebellion (Leavenworth: W. S. Burke), 1870.
- Fry, Alice L. Kansas and Kansans in the Civil War: First Through the Thirteenth Volunteer Regiment. (Kansas City, KS: Crossed Lines Research), 1996. 108
- This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.