United Kingdom general election, 2005 (England)

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United Kingdom general election, 2005
England
← 2001 5 May 2005 (2005-05-05) 2010 →

All 529 English seats to the House of Commons
  First party Second party Third party
  Tony Blair.jpg Michael Howard 1099 cropped.jpg Charles Kennedy.jpg
Leader Tony Blair Michael Howard Charles Kennedy
Party Labour Conservative Liberal Democrat
Leader since 21 July 1994 6 November 2003 9 August 1999
Last election 323 Seats 165 Seat 40 Seats
Seats won 286 194 47
Seat change Decrease27 Increase29 Increase7
Popular vote 8,043,461 8,116,005 5,201,286
Percentage 35.4% 35.7% 22.9%
Swing Decrease6.0% Increase0.5% Increase3.6%

Prime Minister before election

Tony Blair
Labour

Subsequent Prime Minister

Tony Blair
Labour

These are the English results of the United Kingdom general election, 2005. The election was held on 5 May 2005 and all 529 seats in England were contested. The Labour Party (UK) achieved a complete majority of English seats despite losing the popular vote by 72,544 to the Conservative Party (UK). In addition to its electoral success in Scotland and Wales, the Labour Party went on to form a third term government with a majority of 66 seats.

Results[edit]

The average Labour vote in England declined by approximately 6% and by varying amounts in every English Region, but with sharp variations locally. The Labour vote fell sharply in safe Labour seats and in areas with large Muslim populations, yet a few constituencies saw slight Labour increases. In particular, the Labour vote declined dramatically in the northern half of London, where 11% of voters abandoned Labour for other parties; and in Bethnal Green and Bow, London, former Labour MP George Galloway, running as a candidate for the anti-war Respect, defeated Oona King (Labour) who in the previous General Election had a majority of 10,057. Following the result, a hostile interview with Jeremy Paxman attracted press attention. Labour lost the fewest votes in South West England, only 2.5%—but Labour's vote in South West England is historically poor. Notably, the Labour Party failed to take a single seat from another party. Labour polled seventy thousand fewer votes in England than the Conservatives, yet won ninety-two more seats,[1] attributed to the smaller average electorate in urban (usually pro-Labour) constituencies.

Labour regained one of its by-election losses, Leicester South, but saw an increased Liberal Democrat majority in the other, Brent East.

The Conservatives made gains in most regions of England, though their vote declined in some areas, notably East Midlands and Yorkshire (2% and 1.5% declines, respectively). However, even in regions where the Conservative vote declined, the Labour vote declined by a greater margin, allowing the Conservatives to make gains against Labour. Overall, the Conservatives gained approximately 1% of the vote in England from 2001. In Enfield Southgate, Conservative David Burrowes ousted Labour Stephen Twigg, who had famously defeated Michael Portillo for that seat in the 1997 elections.

The Liberal Democrats made modest gains in all regions of England, improving by at least 1% in every region. No particular region showed greatly expanded support for the Liberal Democrats though, continuing the trend of approximately equal showings in all regions of England for them and their "decapitation strategy" that targeted Conservative front-benchers failed, removing only Tim Collins in Westmorland and Lonsdale.

Former BBC presenter, Robert Kilroy-Silk, who had joined the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) before leaving to set up Veritas, came fourth in Erewash in what was the best performance by Veritas, receiving 2,957 votes. The seat was won by Labour's Liz Blackman.

There were also regional surges in support for the British National Party, who however failed to win any seats, their highest poll being 16.9% in the Labour stronghold of Barking, East London. The party fielded 119 candidates in seats throughout the country, gaining 0.7% of the total votes cast. The 119 candidates fielded represented a significant rise as in 2001, the BNP only fielded 33 candidates, many of these constituencies such as Elmet no longer attracted UKIP, attracting other parties to take their former share of the vote.

The Green Party came third in Brighton Pavilion (with Keith Taylor as candidate) behind Labour and the Conservatives, taking 21.9% of the votes cast. Despite this unprecedented high share of the vote Taylor was not selected to contest the seat in the 2010 general election, losing his prospective position to Caroline Lucas.

The English Democrats gained their highest percentage of the vote, when former Sun newspaper columnist, Gary Bushell stood in Greenwich and Woolwich and gained 3.4% of votes cast.

The Independent Working Class Association stood for the first time in a general election, having previously only stood in local council elections. The party gained 2.1% of the vote in Oxford East, while the Official Monster Raving Loony Party took 3.6% of the vote in the same constituency.

Results Table[edit]

Below is a table summarising the results of the UK general election in England.

Party MPs +/- Votes % +/-
Labour Party 286 -37 8,043,461 35.4 -6.0
Conservative Party 194 +29 8,116,005 35.7 +0.5
Liberal Democrats 47 +7 5,201,286 22.9 +3.6
Respect Party 1 +1 67,422 0.3 +0.3
ICHC 1 0 18,739 0.1 0.0
UKIP 0 0 592,417 2.6 +0.9
Green Party 0 0 251,051 1.1 +0.4
BNP 0 0 189,570 0.8 +0.6
Veritas 0 0 39,044 0.2 +0.2
Liberal 0 0 17,547 0.1 0.0
Others 0 0 177,343 0.8 N/A

Votes summary[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative
  
35.7%
Labour
  
35.4%
Liberal Democrats
  
22.9%
UKIP
  
2.6%
Greens
  
1.1%
BNP
  
0.8%
Respect
  
0.3%
Veritas
  
0.2%
ICHC
  
0.1%
Liberal
  
0.1%
Other
  
1.50%
Parliament seats
Labour
  
54.1%
Conservative
  
36.7%
Liberal Democrats
  
8.9%
Respect
  
0.2%
ICHC
  
0.2%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Election 2005 - Results, England". BBC News. 10 May 2005. Retrieved 21 July 2009.