342 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
342 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 342 BC
Ab urbe condita 412
Ancient Egypt era XXXI dynasty, 2
- Pharaoh Artaxerxes III of Persia, 2
Ancient Greek era 109th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4409
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −934
Berber calendar 609
Buddhist calendar 203
Burmese calendar −979
Byzantine calendar 5167–5168
Chinese calendar 戊寅(Earth Tiger)
2355 or 2295
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
2356 or 2296
Coptic calendar −625 – −624
Discordian calendar 825
Ethiopian calendar −349 – −348
Hebrew calendar 3419–3420
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −285 – −284
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2759–2760
Holocene calendar 9659
Iranian calendar 963 BP – 962 BP
Islamic calendar 993 BH – 992 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1992
Minguo calendar 2253 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1809
Thai solar calendar 201–202
Tibetan calendar 阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
−215 or −596 or −1368
    — to —
(female Earth-Rabbit)
−214 or −595 or −1367

Year 342 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Ahala and Rutilus (or, less frequently, year 412 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 342 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Greek philosopher, Aristotle, is invited by Philip II to his capital at Pella to tutor his son, Alexander. As the leading intellectual figure in Greece, Aristotle is commissioned to prepare Alexander for his future role as a military leader.
  • Philip begins a series of campaigns in Thrace with the aim of annexing it to be a province of Macedonia. When the Macedonian army approaches Thracian Chersonese (the Gallipoli Peninsula), an Athenian general named Diopeithes ravages this district of Thrace, thus inciting Philip's rage for operating too near one of his towns in the Chersonese. Philip demands his recall. In response, the Athenian Assembly is convened. Demosthenes convinces the Athenians not to recall Diopeithes.


Roman Republic[edit]