|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||0s 10s 20s – 30s – 40s 50s 60s|
|Years:||34 35 36 – 37 – 38 39 40|
|37 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||790|
|Chinese calendar||丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
2733 or 2673
— to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
2734 or 2674
|Coptic calendar||−247 – −246|
|- Vikram Samvat||93–94|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3138–3139|
|Iranian calendar||585 BP – 584 BP|
|Islamic calendar||603 BH – 602 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1875 before ROC
|Seleucid era||348/349 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||579–580|
Year 37 (XXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Proculus and Pontius (or, less frequently, year 790 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 37 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- March 18 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius's will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor.
- Caligula's attempt to have himself deified creates friction between himself and the Senate.
- April 9 – An earthquake destroys Antioch.
- Abilene is granted to Agrippa I.
- Saint Peter founds the Syrian Orthodox Church (traditional date).
- Probable year of the conversion of the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus to Christianity after a vision. After 39 he is recognised as Saint Paul.
- March 16 – Tiberius, Roman Emperor. (b. 42 BC)
- October 1 – Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor; grandmother of Caligula (b. 36 BC)
- Marbod, king of the Marcomanni (b. c. 30 BC)
- Bowman, Alan K.; Champlin, Edward; Lintott, Andrew (1996). The Cambridge ancient history: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.–A.D. 69. Cambridge University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-521-26430-3.
- Downey, Glanville (1961). A history of Antioch in Syria: from Seleucus to the Arab conquest. Princeton University Press. p. 190.
- Morgan, Julian (2002). Nero: Destroyer of Rome. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-8239-3596-3.
- Josephus, Flavius (2001). Mason, Steve, ed. Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary. Brill. p. 9. ISBN 978-90-04-11793-8.
- Kokkinos, Nikos (1992). Antonia Augusta: portrait of a great Roman lady. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-415-08029-3.