|AD 37 by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||AD 37|
|Ab urbe condita||790|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丙申年 (Fire Monkey)|
2733 or 2673
— to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
2734 or 2674
|Coptic calendar||−247 – −246|
|- Vikram Samvat||93–94|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3137–3138|
|Iranian calendar||585 BP – 584 BP|
|Islamic calendar||603 BH – 602 BH|
|Julian calendar||AD 37|
|Minguo calendar||1875 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||348/349 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||579–580|
163 or −218 or −990
— to —
164 or −217 or −989
AD 37 (XXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Proculus and Pontius (or, less frequently, year 790 Ab urbe condita). The denomination AD 37 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- March 18 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius's will, and proclaims Caligula as Roman Emperor, nullifying the joint claim of Tiberius Gemellus. Caligula's attempt to have himself deified creates friction between himself and the Senate.
- October – Caligula becomes seriously ill, or perhaps is poisoned. He recovers from his illness, but Caligula turns toward the diabolical: he starts to kill off those who are close to him, whom he sees as a serious threat.
- Abilene is granted to King Agrippa I.
- Saint Peter founds the Church of Antioch (traditional date).
- The Pharisee Saul of Tarsus is converted to Christianity, after a vision. After the year 39, he is recognised as Saint Paul.
- March 16 – Tiberius, Roman emperor (b. 42 BC)
- May 1 – Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor; grandmother of Caligula (b. 36 BC)
- Lucius Arruntius (the Younger), Roman politician
- Marcus Junius Silanus, Roman politician (b. c. 26 BC)
- Maroboduus, king of the Marcomanni (b. c. 30 BC)
- Bowman, Alan K.; Champlin, Edward; Lintott, Andrew (1996). The Cambridge ancient history: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.–A.D. 69. Cambridge University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-521-26430-3.
- Downey, Glanville (1961). A history of Antioch in Syria: from Seleucus to the Arab conquest. Princeton University Press. p. 190.
- Morgan, Julian (2002). Nero: Destroyer of Rome. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-8239-3596-3.
- Josephus, Flavius (2001). Mason, Steve (ed.). Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary. Brill. p. 9. ISBN 978-90-04-11793-8.
- Kokkinos, Nikos (1992). Antonia Augusta: portrait of a great Roman lady. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-415-08029-3.