381 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
381 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar381 BC
Ab urbe condita373
Ancient Egypt eraXXIX dynasty, 18
- PharaohHakor, 13
Ancient Greek era99th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar4370
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−973
Berber calendar570
Buddhist calendar164
Burmese calendar−1018
Byzantine calendar5128–5129
Chinese calendar己亥年 (Earth Pig)
2316 or 2256
    — to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
2317 or 2257
Coptic calendar−664 – −663
Discordian calendar786
Ethiopian calendar−388 – −387
Hebrew calendar3380–3381
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−324 – −323
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2720–2721
Holocene calendar9620
Iranian calendar1002 BP – 1001 BP
Islamic calendar1033 BH – 1032 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1953
Minguo calendar2292 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1848
Thai solar calendar162–163
Tibetan calendar阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
−254 or −635 or −1407
    — to —
(male Iron-Rat)
−253 or −634 or −1406

Year 381 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Camillus, Albinus, Albinus, Medullinus, Flavus and Ambustus (or, less frequently, year 373 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 381 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]

  • The Persian generals Tiribazus and Orontes invade Cyprus, with an army far larger than any King Evagoras of Cyprus could raise. However, Evagoras manages to cut off this force from being resupplied, and the starving troops rebel. However, the war then turns in the Persians' favour when Evagoras' fleet is destroyed at the Battle of Citium (Larnaca, Cyprus). Evagoras flees to Salamis, where he manages to conclude a peace which allows him to remain nominally king of Salamis, though in reality he is a vassal of the Persian king.


  • Sparta increases its hold on central Greece by reestablishing the city of Plataea, which Sparta formerly destroyed in 427 BC.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • The district of Tusculum is pacified after a revolt against Rome, and then conquered. After an expression of complete submission to Rome, Tusculum becomes the first "municipium cum suffragio", and thenceforth the city continues to hold the rank of a municipium.