3rd Marine Artillery Regiment

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3rd Marine Artillery Regiment
3e Régiment d'Artillerie de Marine
Insigne régimentaire du 3e Régiment d’Artillerie Coloniale.jpg
3e R.A.Ma.png
Regimental Insignia of the 3e R.C.A
Regimental Insignia of the 3e R.A.Ma
Active 1803, 1902, 1943
Country France
Branch French Army
Type troupes de marine
Role Artillery
Part of 6th Light Armoured Brigade
Garrison/HQ Camp de Canjuers
Colors Red and blue
Anniversaries Bazeilles
Engagements

World War I
World War II

War on Terror (2001-Present)
Battle honours
  • Hanau 1813
  • Mogador 1844
  • Dahomey 1892
  • Tien-Tsin 1900
  • Maroc 1908-1913
  • Champagne 1915
  • La Somme 1916
  • La Serre 1918
  • Fezzan 1942
  • Sud Tunisien 1943
  • Paris 1944
  • Strasbourg 1944
Insignia
Beret badge of the Troupes de Marine Troupe-de-marine-béret.jpg
Abbreviation 3e RAMa

The 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment (French: 3e Régiment d'Artillerie de Marine, 3e RAMa) is the heir to the 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment created in Rochefort by Napoleon Bonaparte's consular decree of May 13, 1803, the 3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment, then the 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment. The 3e RAMa has been present in either a constituted corps or isolated unit since 1803, on almost all the battlefields in which France has been engaged. The regiment was founded in a third operational phase in 1943.

Creation and different nominations[edit]

  • On December 1, 1902 : 3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment at Toulon.
  • On January 1, 1924 : 310th Colonial Artillery Portable Regiment.
  • On May 5, 1929 : 3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment, Joigny, 2nd formation.
  • On December 1, 1932: the regiment was designated as the 3rd Divisionary Hippomobile Colonial Artillery Regiment.
  • In June 1940 : disappeared, the regiment was dissolved.
  • In July 1943 : 3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment, 3rd formation from artillery batteries present in Africa.
  • In November 1943 : I/3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment.
  • On October 1, 1945 : Divisionary Automative Artillery Group of the 2nd Armored Division 2e DB, Vernon.
  • On July 1, 1960 : I/ 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment, artillery regiment of the 10th Armored Division 10e DB, at Verdun, until 1991.
  • On July 1, 1994 : Canjuers

History since 1813[edit]

World War II[edit]

On May 10, 1940, the 3rd Colonial Infantry Divisionary Regiment was part of the 3rd Colonial Infantry Division.

The 3rd Colonial Division included the 1st Colonial Infantry Regiment 1er RIC, 21st Colonial Infantry Regiment 21e RIC, 23rd Colonial Infantry Regiment (French: 23e Régiment d'Infanterie Coloniale, 23e R.I.C), the 3rd Colonial Artillery Regiment 3e RAC, 203rd Colonial Artillery Regiment 203e RAC. The 3rd Colonial Infantry Divion disappeared.

Reconstituted progressively from individuals rallying to général de Gaulle since August 1940, the regiment participated to operations of column Leclerc, then integrated the 2nd Armored Division of général Leclerc.

Post War[edit]

French soldiers of 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment fire a French TRF1 155 mm howitzer as part of a live fire exercise during Combined Endeavor at the Joint Multinational Training Command's Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany, Sept. 17, 2013.
  • Divisionary Automative Artillery Group of 2nd Armoured (Vernon since October 1, 1945)
  • I/3e Marine Artillery Regiment July 1, 1960, the artillery regiment of the 10th Armoured Division at Verdun until July 1, 1984.
  • The regiment participated in two tours in Bosnia with UNPROFOR.
  • Artillery Regiment of the 6th Light Armoured Brigade since July 1, 1999.

Campaigns[edit]

Campaign Participation Engagement
( 1813 - 1918 )

Campaign Participation Engagement
( 1940 - 1991 )

Campaign Participation Engagement
( 1991 - 2001 )

  • 1991 - 2001 : UNPROFOR

Campaign Participation Engagement
( 2000–Present )

  • 2011 : Guyane
  • 2011 : Martinique
  • 2011 : Côte d'Ivoire
  • 2011 : Senegal
  • 2012 : Tchad
  • 2013 : Tchad
  • 2013 : Mali
  • 2013 : Djibouti
  • 2013 : Senegal

Organization[edit]

The 3e RAMa is composed of 950 artillery marines articulated in 6 Artillery batteries:

  • 1 command and logistics artillery battery
  • 2 ground composed artillery batteries equipped with CAESER and 120mm type mortars
  • 1 Ground-to-Air artillery battery with missiles
  • 1 artillery renseignement brigade battery
  • 1 artillery intervention reserve battery.

Part of Equipment[edit]

Traditions[edit]

Insignia[edit]

Regimental Colors[edit]

Regimental Colors of the 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment, 3e RAMa.

Regimental Song[edit]

Decorations[edit]

The Regimental Colors of the 3rd Marine Artillery Regiment 3e RAMa is decorated with:

  • Croix de guerre 1914-1918 with:
    • 2 palms (two citations at the orders of the armed forces)
  • Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with:
    • 2 palms (two citations at the orders of the armed forces).
  • Fourragere with:
    • colors of the croix de guerre 1914-1918 awarded on January 31, 1919 with olive color bearing the attribution of the croix de guerre 1914-1918, then the olive color bearing the attribution of croix de guerre 1939-1945 awarded September 18, 1946
  • U.S. Presidential Unit Citation
  • Fourragere with :
  • Croix de la Valeur militaire with :
    • 1 vermeil star (September 2013)

Honours[edit]

Battle Honours[edit]

  • Hanau 1813
  • Mogador 1844
  • Dahomey 1892
  • Tien-Tsin 1900
  • Maroc 1908-1913
  • Champagne 1915
  • Somme 1916
  • La Serre 1918
  • Fezzan 1942
  • Sud Tunisien 1943
  • Paris 1944
  • Strasbourg 1944

Regimental Commanders[edit]

3rd Marine Artillery Regiment, 3e RAMa
  • 1960-1962 : Lieutenant-Colonel Goeury
  • 1962-1964 : Colonel Vieil
  • 1964-1965 : Colonel Sibiril
  • 1965-1967 : Lieutenant-Colonel Legendre
  • 1967-1969 : Colonel Pauly
  • 1969-1971 : Lieutenant-Colonel Martegoute
  • 1971-1973 : Colonel Amoudru
  • 1973-1975 : Colonel Delpit
  • 1975-1977 : Colonel Laboria
  • 1977-1979 : Colonel Allemane
  • 1979-1981 : Colonel Nomblot
  • 1981-1983 : Lieutenant-Colonel Sandoz
  • 1983-1985 : Colonel Soulard
  • 1985-1987 : Colonel Cazade
  • 1987-1989 : Colonel Jardin
  • 1989-1991 : Colonel Baldecchi
  • 1991-1993 : Colonel Fernandez
  • 1993-1995 : Lieutenant-Colonel Caplain
  • 1995-1997 : Lieutenant-Colonel Leplatois
  • 1997-1999 : Colonel Jestin
  • 1999-2001 : Colonel L'Hostis
  • 2001-2003 : Colonel Cuny
  • 2003-2005 : Colonel Fournier
  • 2005-2007 : Colonel Caiazzo
  • 2007-2009 : Colonel Rampal
  • 2009-2011 : Colonel Renouard
  • 2011-2013 : Colonel Cluzel
  • 2013-2014 : Lieutenant-Colonel Reinbold

See also[edit]

Sources and bibliography[edit]

  • Erwan Bergot, La coloniale du Rif au Tchad 1925-1980, imprimé en France : décembre 1982, n° d'éditeur 7576, n° d'imprimeur 31129, sur les presses de l'imprimerie Hérissey.