5th Interceptor Command
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|5th Interceptor Command (Provisional)|
|Active||7 November 1941 – 9 April 1942|
|Branch||United States Army Air Forces|
|Type||RADAR Defense, Infantry|
|Engagements||Battle of the Philippines (1941–42)|
|Brig. Gen. Henry B. Clagett
Brig. Gen. Harold H. George
The 5th Interceptor Command (Provisional) was a temporary command organization of the United States Army Air Forces. It was wiped out in the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42). The survivors fought as infantry during Battle of Bataan and after their surrender, were subjected to the Bataan Death March, although some did escape to Australia.
Established in November 1941 to provide RADAR defense of Luzon, Philippine Islands. After Japanese invasion on 24 December 1941, mission changed to provide ground defense of island, with ground and air echelon personnel of unequipped Fifth Air Force units on Luzon attached to fight as ground infantry units during the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42) after their aircraft were destroyed or evacuated to locations away from Luzon.
Most members of the unit surrendered on 9 April 1942 after the Battle of Bataan. Some survivors escaped to Corregidor Island in Manila Bay, Philippine Islands and surrendered on 6 May 1942, ending all US organized resistance to the Japanese in the Philippines. Some survivors possibly fought afterwards on Luzon as unorganized resistance (May 1942 – January 1945).
- Established as 5th Interceptor Command (Provisional) 7 November 1941 (date approximate)
- Inactivated 9 April 1942 (date approximate)
- Far East Air Force, 7 November 1941
- Resesignated: 5 Air Force on 5 February 1942 – 6 April 1942
- Attached to: U.S. Army Forces Far East (USAFFE), 25 December 1941 – 9 April 1942
Notes: All units in attached status. *Unit not manned or equipped, carried as active unit (non-operational) 9 April 1942 – 2 April 1946.