Bataan

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Bataan (disambiguation).
Bataan
Province
Bataan Capitol
Flag of Bataan
Flag
Official seal of Bataan
Seal
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.667°N 120.417°E / 14.667; 120.417Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.667°N 120.417°E / 14.667; 120.417
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded 1754
Capital Balanga City
Government
 • Type Province of the Philippines
 • Governor Albert S. Garcia (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Efren Dominic E. Pascual, Jr. (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 1,372.98 km2 (530.11 sq mi)
Area rank 72nd out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 687,482
 • Rank 40th out of 80
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Density rank 8th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 11
 • Barangays 237
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Bataan
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Tagalog (88%), Kapampangan (4%), Ilocano (2%), Others (3%)
 • Languages Tagalog, Kapampangan, English
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 2100 - 2114
Dialing code +63 (0)47
ISO 3166 code PH-BAN
Website bataan.gov.ph

Bataan (/bɑːtɑːˈɑːn/) is a province in the Philippines situated in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is the city of Balanga. Occupying the entire Bataan Peninsula on Luzon, Bataan is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces the South China Sea to the west and Subic Bay to the north-west, and encloses Manila Bay to the east.

The Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named after the province, where the infamous march started.

Located within the province is the Philippines' only nuclear power plant, the Bataan.

History[edit]

In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan.

Historian Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan was established in January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay.[3][4]

March 1942: burning houses after a Japanese bombing raid in Bataan

World War II[edit]

Main article: Battle of Bataan

Bataan featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m3) of gasoline there.

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points. The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Bataan to Tarlac, which became known as the Bataan Death March.

Further information: Bataan Death March

Geography[edit]

Bataan as seen from Manila Bay

Physical[edit]

The province covers the entire Bataan Peninsula, a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains jutting out into the South China Sea, enclosing the Manila Bay. At the northern portion of the peninsula is Mount Natib (elevation 1,253 metres (4,111 ft)) and its surrounding mountains, separated from Mount Samat and the Mariveles Mountains in the south by a pass.[4]

A narrow coastline plain characterizes the eastern portion of the province, while the western coast features many ridges, cliffs and headlands.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bataan is politically subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 component city.

City or
Municipality
District[5] Area
(km²)[5]
Population
(2010)[5][6]
Density
(per km²)
No. of
barangays
ZIP
code
Income
class[5]
Coordinates

Abucay 1st 79.72 37,719 473.1 9 2114 3rd 14°43′17″N 120°32′06″E / 14.7213146°N 120.5348704°E / 14.7213146; 120.5348704 (Abucay)
Bagac 2nd 231.2 25,568 110.6 14 2107 3rd 14°35′48″N 120°23′32″E / 14.5967431°N 120.3922913°E / 14.5967431; 120.3922913 (Bagac)
Balanga 2nd 111.63 87,920 787.6 25 2100 4th 14°40′46″N 120°32′27″E / 14.6795669°N 120.5409693°E / 14.6795669; 120.5409693 (Balanga)
Dinalupihan 1st 92.52 97,275 1051.4 46 2110 1st 14°51′59″N 120°27′47″E / 14.8663108°N 120.463107°E / 14.8663108; 120.463107 (Dinalupihan)
Hermosa 1st 157 56,997 363 23 2111 1st 14°49′52″N 120°30′27″E / 14.8312331°N 120.5075382°E / 14.8312331; 120.5075382 (Hermosa)
Limay 2nd 103.6 57,207 552.2 12 2103 1st 14°33′45″N 120°35′42″E / 14.5625242°N 120.5949559°E / 14.5625242; 120.5949559 (Limay)
Mariveles 2nd 153.9 112,707 732.3 18 2105 1st 14°26′08″N 120°29′25″E / 14.4356104°N 120.4903545°E / 14.4356104; 120.4903545 (Mariveles)
Morong 1st 219.2 26,171 119.4 5 2108 3rd 14°40′41″N 120°15′55″E / 14.6779981°N 120.2652634°E / 14.6779981; 120.2652634 (Morong)
Orani 1st 64.9 61,099 941.4 29 2112 1st 14°48′03″N 120°32′12″E / 14.8007228°N 120.5367832°E / 14.8007228; 120.5367832 (Orani)
Orion 2nd 65.41 51,454 786.6 23 2102 2nd 14°37′12″N 120°34′49″E / 14.6198622°N 120.5802978°E / 14.6198622; 120.5802978 (Orion)
Pilar 2nd 37.6 39,787 1058.2 19 2101 3rd 14°40′01″N 120°33′10″E / 14.6669245°N 120.5528157°E / 14.6669245; 120.5528157 (Pilar)
Samal 1st 56.3 33,578 596.4 14 2113 4th 14°46′10″N 120°32′32″E / 14.7693766°N 120.5421795°E / 14.7693766; 120.5421795 (Samal)
 †  Provincial capital and component city      Municipality
  • Coordinates mark the city/town center vicinity, and are sorted according to latitude.
  • Income classifications for cities are italicized.

Demographics[edit]

Population census
of Bataan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 425,803 —    
1995 491,459 +2.72%
2000 557,659 +2.75%
2007 662,153 +2.40%
2010 687,482 +1.38%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Religion[edit]

Various religious groups are exercised by the people but Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion comprising 85% of Bataan population, in fact Bataan has some of the most beautiful historical Catholic Churches in the country. Aglipayan as well as several Christian faiths are the minority.

Education[edit]

Schools, colleges and universities[edit]

  • Acuña Welding School — Hermosa
  • Antonio G. Llamas Elementary School — Mariveles
  • AMA Computer Learning Center – Balanga
  • Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies
  • Bataan Christian School — Pilar
  • Bataan Heroes Memorial College — Balanga
  • Bataan Maritime Institute — Balanga
  • Bataan Montessori School, Incorporated — Balanga
  • Bataan National High School (formerly Arellano Memorial (Bataan) High School) — Balanga
  • Bataan Peninsula State University (Balanga, Dinalupihan, Orani)
  • Bataan School of Fisheries — Orion
  • BEPZ Multinational School (formerly Jose Abad Santos Memorial School (JASMS)) — Mariveles
  • Cabcaben Elementary School — Mariveles
  • College of Subic Montessori — Dinalupihan
  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran — Abucay
  • DSOB — Blessed Regina Protmann Catholic School — Mariveles
  • DSOB — Holy Rosary Parochial Institute — Orani
  • DSOB — St. Catherine of Siena Academy — Samal
  • DSOB — St. James Catholic School of Morong — Morong
  • DSOB — St. John Academy — Dinaluphihan
  • DSOB — St. Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion
  • DSOB — St. Nicholas Catholic School — Mariveles
  • DSOB — St. Peter of Verona Academy — Hermosa
  • Eastwoods College of Science and Technology — Dinalupihan
  • EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology)
  • Jose Rizal Institute — Orion and Orani
  • Limay Polytechnic College — Limay
  • Llamas Memorial Institute — Mariveles
  • Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific — Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School — Cabcaben — Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School-Poblacion-Mariveles
  • Microcity Computer College
  • Mountain View Village School (MVVS) — Mariveles
  • Northridge Montessori School — Pilar
  • Philippine Women's University — CDCEC Bataan
  • Polytechnic University of the Philippines — Mariveles
  • Softnet Information Technology Center — Mariveles
  • St. Joseph College's of Balanga
  • St. Nicholas Catechetical Center — Mariveles
  • TESDA Provincial and Regional Training Center (Orion and Mariveles)
  • The Peninsula School, Incorporated — Limay
  • Thy Word International Bible College Extension — Camaya, Mariveles
  • Tomas del Rosario College — Balanga
  • TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension — DFS, Balanga

Tourist attractions[edit]

Historical places[edit]

  • Bataan Death March Marker (Orani)
  • Bataan First Line of Defense (Layac, Dinalupihan)
  • First Abucay Catholic Church (The 411-year-old Church, 3rd oldest church in the Philippines)
  • Mount Samat - Shrine of Valor (Pilar, Bataan)
  • Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario del Pueblo de Orani Shrine (formerly Holy Rosary Parish Church) (Orani)
  • Zero Kilometre Death March Marker (Mariveles)

Natural places of interest[edit]

Notable people from Bataan[edit]

  • Gary David (Dinalupihan) - PBA multi-awarded player
  • Pedro Tuazon (Balanga) - Solicitor General of the Philippines- 1921
  • Kerby Raymundo (Orion) - PBA multi-awarded player, power forward, member of the Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants and the Philippines national basketball team.
  • Romi Garduce (Balanga) - mountain climber who reached Mount Everest.
  • Mel Tiangco (Pilar) - popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation.
  • Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) - a deputy tanod bayan (Ombudsman at present) during the Marcos regime and later, head of the prosecution panel in the Benigno Aquino, Jr. murder case that led to the EDSA Revolution of 1986. And then became one of the justices of the Court of Appeals from 1987 to 1997, and chair of the National Unification Commission
  • Tomas del Rosario (Orani)- a Filipino judge and statesman who served as the first governor of the province of Bataan from 1903 to 1905. He is remembered for advocating the separation of church and state
  • Cayetano Arellano (Orion) - The first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines.
  • Chad Peralta (Limay) - from Pinoy Dream Academy
  • Jackie Rice (Dinalupihan) - Filipina actress who won the title of Ultimate Female Survivor on the third season of Startstruck.
  • Tomas Pinpin (Abucay) - A printer, writer and publisher, was also the first Filipino printer and is sometimes referred as the "Patriarch of Filipino Printing."
  • Luz Banson (Balanga) - Was the wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and was the seventh First Lady of the Philippines, she was also remembered as one of the most admired First Ladies and distinguished herself for her warmth and simplicity
  • Diosdado dela Cruz Jr. (Balanga) - 1st ever chess grand master of the province.
  • Felicito Payumo (Dinalupihan) - Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998-2004.
  • Janine Tugonon (Orion) - Binibining Pilipinas 2011 1st Runner-Up, Binibining Pilipinas 2012 Universe and Miss Universe 2012 1st Runner-Up
  • Evangeline Pascual (Orani) - Actress and First Runner-Up Miss World 1973.
  • Merceditas Gutierrez (Samal) - assumed the Office of the Ombudsman on December 1, 2005 as the first female to head the post
  • Manuel Bamba Villar Jr. (Orani) - Senator, Republic of the Philippines
  • Raymond Almazan (Orion) - is a professional basketball player who currently plays for Rain or Shine Elasto Painters in the PBA.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Cornelio R. Bascara. 2010. A History of Bataan (1587-1900). UST Publishing
  4. ^ a b c Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Bataan". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 32. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Province: Bataan". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay:as of May 1, 2010 (Central Luzon)" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 

External links[edit]