Bataan

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Bataan (disambiguation).
Bataan
Province
Province of Bataan
Bataan Provincial Capitol in Balanga
Bataan Provincial Capitol in Balanga
Flag of Bataan
Flag
Official seal of Bataan
Seal
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.67°N 120.42°E / 14.67; 120.42Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.67°N 120.42°E / 14.67; 120.42
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded 1754
Capital Balanga
Government
 • Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
 • Governor Albert Garcia (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Efren Dominic Pascual (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 1,372.98 km2 (530.11 sq mi)
Area rank 71st out of 81
Population (2015 census)[2]
 • Total 760,650
 • Rank 39th out of 81
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Density rank 8th out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays 237
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Bataan
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups
 • Languages
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 2100–2114
IDD:area code +63 (0)47
ISO 3166 code PH-BAN
Website bataan.gov.ph

Bataan (/bɑːtɑːˈɑːn/ Filipino: Lalawigan ng Bataan; Kapampangan: Lalawigan ning Bataan) is a province situated in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines. Its capital is the City of Balanga. Occupying the entire Bataan Peninsula on Luzon, Bataan is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces the South China Sea to the west and Subic Bay to the north-west, and encloses Manila Bay to the east.

The Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named after the province, where the infamous march started.

Located within the province is the Philippines' only nuclear power plant, the non-functioning Bataan Nuclear Power Plant.

History[edit]

In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan.

Historian Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan was established in January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay.[3][4]

World War II[edit]

Main article: Battle of Bataan

Bataan featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m3) of gasoline there.

March 1942: burning houses after a Japanese bombing raid in Bataan

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points.

The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Bataan to Capas-Tarlac, which became known as the Bataan Death March.

Further information: Bataan Death March

Luções and Federal Sate[edit]

The Administration of President Rodrigo Duterte is currently pushing for federalism in the country, with Region III to be a state of the federation. Scholars in the region have suggested naming the state into the State of Luções, named after the historic collective name of the people of Luzon. During precolonial time, when the power of the kingdoms in present-day Metro Manila was declining, the people of Myanmar, Timor, and Malacca had transactions with the Luções. Luções were known as skilled mercenaries, merchants, and even battle soldiers. They aided in the war campaigns of Myanmar, Malacca, and Timor. When the Spanish came and stormed Luzon, the ties of the Luceos with there ally countries were cut and the Luções were turned into commoners and 'indios' by the Spaniards.[5]

Geography[edit]

A view of the Bataan Peninsula from Manila Bay
Bataan as seen from Manila Bay

The province has an area of 1,372.98 square kilometres (530.11 sq mi),[6] and covers the entire Bataan Peninsula, a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains jutting out into the South China Sea, enclosing the Manila Bay. At the northern portion of the peninsula is Mount Natib (elevation 1,253 metres (4,111 ft)) and its surrounding mountains, separated from Mount Samat and the Mariveles Mountains in the south by a pass.[4]

A narrow coastline plain characterizes the eastern portion of the province, while the western coast features many ridges, cliffs and headlands.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bataan is politically subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 component city.

Demographics[edit]

Population census
of Bataan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 425,803 —    
1995 491,459 +2.72%
2000 557,659 +2.75%
2007 662,153 +2.40%
2010 687,482 +1.38%
2015 760,650 +1.94%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][7][7]

The population of Bataan in the 2015 census was 760,650 people,[2] with a density of 550 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,400 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion[edit]

Various religious groups are exercised by the people but Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion comprising 85% of Bataan population.[citation needed] Aglipayan as well as several Christian faiths are the minority.

Education[edit]

Schools, colleges and universities[edit]

  • Acuña Welding School — Hermosa
  • Antonio G. Llamas Elementary School — Mariveles
  • AMA Computer Learning Center — Balanga
  • Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies
  • Bataan Christian School — Pilar
  • Bataan Heroes Memorial College — Balanga
  • BLC International School (formerly Bataan Learning Center)
  • Bataan Maritime Institute — Balanga
  • Bataan Montessori School, Inc. — Balanga
  • Bataan National High School (formerly Arellano Memorial (Bataan) High School) — Balanga
  • Bataan Peninsula State University — Balanga, Dinalupihan, Orani
  • Bataan School of Fisheries — Orion
  • BEPZ Multinational School (formerly Jose Abad Santos Memorial School) — Mariveles
  • Cabcaben Elementary School — Mariveles
  • College of Subic Montessori — Dinalupihan
  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran — Abucay
  • DSOB — Blessed Regina Protmann Catholic School — Mariveles
  • DSOB — Holy Rosary Parochial Institute — Orani
  • DSOB — St. Catherine of Siena Academy — Samal
  • DSOB — St. James Catholic School of Morong — Morong
  • DSOB — St. John Academy — Dinalupihan
  • DSOB — St. Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion
  • DSOB — St. Nicholas Catholic School — Mariveles
  • DSOB — St. Peter of Verona Academy — Hermosa
  • Eastwoods College of Science and Technology — Dinalupihan
  • EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology)
  • Jose Rizal Institute — Orion and Orani
  • Limay Polytechnic College — Limay
  • Llamas Memorial Institute — Mariveles
  • Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific — Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School - Cabcaben — Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School - Poblacion — Mariveles
  • Microcity Computer College
  • Mountain View Village School — Mariveles
  • Northridge Montessori School — Pilar
  • Orion National High School — Orion
  • Philippine Women's University — CDCEC Bataan
  • Polytechnic University of the Philippines — Mariveles
  • Softnet Information Technology Center — Mariveles
  • Saint Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion
  • St. Joseph College's of Balanga
  • St. Nicholas Catechetical Center — Mariveles
  • TESDA Provincial and Regional Training Center — Orion and Mariveles
  • The Peninsula School, Incorporated — Limay
  • Limay National High School - Limay
  • Thy Word International Bible College Extension — Mariveles
  • Tomas del Rosario College — Balanga
  • TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension — Balanga
  • Wellcare Institute of Science & Technology — Pilar
  • Bonifacio Camacho National High School — Abucay

Tourist attractions[edit]

Historical places[edit]

  • Bataan Death March Marker (Orani)
  • Bataan First Line of Defense (Layac, Dinalupihan)
  • Filipino-Japanese Friendship Tower (Bagac)
  • Mount Samat — Shrine of Valor (Pilar)
  • Zero Kilometre Death March Marker (Mariveles)
  • World War II Museum (Balanga)
  • Limbagang Pinpin (Abucay)

Churches[edit]

  • San Juan Bautista Church — Dinalupihan
  • San Pedro Martir de Verona Church — Hermosa
  • Nuestra Señora, Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario Church - Orani, declared as a diocesan-shrine by the Diocese of Balanga. It is home to the miraculous image of the Our Lady of the Holy Rosary which was canonically crowned 18 April 1959.
  • Santa Catalina de Siena Church — Samal
  • Santo Domingo de Guzman Church — Abucay, the oldest church in Bataan
  • San Jose Cathedral — Balanga City, was declared as a diocesan-shrine and is the seat of the Diocese of Balanga
  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church — Pilar
  • San Miguel Arcangel Church — Orion
  • San Francisco de Asis Church — Limay
  • San Nicolas de Tolentino Church — Mariveles
  • Santa Catalina de Alexandria Church — Bagac
  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church — Morong

Other places of Interest[edit]

Natural places of interest[edit]

  • Ambon-ambon (Lumutan) Falls (Binukawan, Bagac)
  • Anvaya Cove (Morong)
  • Balong Anito (Mariveles)
  • Bataan National Park
  • Camaya Coast (Mariveles)
  • Dunsulan Falls
  • Mount Mariveles
  • Tortugas Bay Park (Balanga)
  • Talain Cove (Mariveles)
  • Mount Natib (Orani)
  • Pasukulan Falls (Abucay)
  • Roosevelt Protected Landscape
  • San Miguel Mountain Peak (Mariveles)
  • Sibul Spring (Abucay)
  • Tarak Ridge (Mariveles)
  • Sinagtala & Vista Tala (Orani)
  • Mariveles Five Fingers (Mariveles)
  • Playa La Caleta (Morong)
  • Emerald Resort (Mariveles)
  • Panoypoy Cove (Mariveles)
  • Claubel Beach Resort (Mariveles)

Infrastructure[edit]

Power Plants[edit]

  • Bataan Nuclear Power Plant — Morong — mothballed — 600 megawatt
  • GN Power Mariveles Coal Plant — Mariveles — consists of 2x330 megawatt (Gross) power blocks using proven Pulverized Coal Combustion technology
  • Dinginin Power Station — Mariveles — is a 1,336 megawatt power station under construction on the Bataan Peninsula, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines
  • SMC Mariveles Coal Power Plant — Mariveles — under construction — a 4x150 megawatt circulating fluidized bed coal-fired power plant
  • SMC Limay Greenfield Power Plant — Limay — has a 4x150 megawatt capacity
  • Petron Cogeneration Power Plant — Limay — has a 4x35 megawatt capacity
  • Panasia Bataan Combined Cycle Power Plant — Limay — is a 620 megawatt diesel powered plant
  • Napocor Bataan Thermal Power Plant — Limay — decommissioned
  • Bataan 2020 Cogen Power Plant — Samal — a 12.5 megawatt combined generator power plant powered by the same biomass; rice hull
  • YH Green Energy Solar Power Plant — Hermosa — has a 12.6 megawatt capacity
  • Citicore Solar Power Plant — Mariveles — has a 18 megawatt capacity
  • Morong Solar Power Plant — Morong — has a 5 megawatt capacity, by SPARC Solar Powered AgriRural Communities Corporation
  • Solana Solar Alpha Inc. — Hermosa — awarded — has a 20 megawatt capacity
  • Bataan Solar Power Project — Orani — awarded — has a 150 megawatt capacity, by BWST, Inc.
  • Sta. Rita Wind Power Project — Morong/Hermosa — awarded — has a 50 megawatt capacity

Sea Ports / Terminals[edit]

  • Mariveles Grain Terminal — Mariveles
  • Seasia-Nectar Mariveles Dry Bulk Terminal — Mariveles
  • Port of Lucanin — Mariveles
  • Port of Lamao — Mariveles
  • Port Capinpin — Orion

Air Port[edit]

Highways / Expressways / National Roads[edit]

Notable people from Bataan[edit]

  • Gary David (Dinalupihan) — Basketball player and television actor/comedian
  • Pedro Tuazon (Balanga) — Solicitor General of the Philippines- 1921
  • Kerby Raymundo (Orion) — Basketball player
  • Eric Rodriguez (Orion) - Basketball player
  • Romi Garduce (Balanga) — mountain climber who reached Mount Everest.
  • Mel Tiangco (Pilar) — popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation.
  • Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) — Ombudsman, justice of the Court of Appeals and chair of the National Unification Commission
  • Tomas del Rosario (Orani) — judge, statesman and first governor of the province of Bataan from 1903 to 1905.
  • Cayetano Arellano (Orion) — The first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines.
  • Chad Peralta (Limay) — from Pinoy Dream Academy
  • Jackie Rice (Dinalupihan) — actress.
  • Tomas Pinpin (Abucay) — A printer, writer and publisher,
  • Luz Banzon (Balanga) — the wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and the seventh First Lady of the Philippines.
  • Felicito Payumo (Dinalupihan) — Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998-2004.
  • Janine Tugonon (Orion) — model, TV Host and beauty pageant titleholder
  • Evangeline Pascual (Orani) — Actress and First Runner-Up Miss World 1973.
  • Merceditas Gutierrez (Samal) — Ombudsman, first female to head the post
  • Manuel Bamba Villar Jr. (Orani) — Senator, Republic of the Philippines
  • David Consunji (Dinalupihan) - chairman of publicly listed holding firm, DMCI Holdings, Incorporated
  • Raymond Almazan (Orion) — basketball player
  • Dan Dinh (unknown) — American retired professional League of Legends player
  • Rodel Naval (Orion) — was a Filipino singer, songwriter and actor.
  • Geraldine Roman (Orani) - Journalist and politician. First Transgender woman elected to Congress of the Philippines

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Region III (CENTRAL LUZON)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Cornelio R. Bascara. 2010. A History of Bataan (1587-1900). UST Publishing
  4. ^ a b c Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Bataan". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 32. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Luções
  6. ^ a b c "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "Region III (CENTRAL LUZON)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 

External links[edit]