5th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)
|5th Mountain Division|
|Engagements||World War II|
|General Julius Ringel|
The 5th Mountain Division (German: 5. Gebirgs Division) was established in the Austrian Tirol in October 1940, out of regiments taken from the 1st Mountain Division and the 10th Infantry Division. Its first action was in the 1941 Balkans Campaign, when it took part in Operations Marita and Merkur; in the latter it was used in an air-landing role. In November, it returned to Germany for refitting, and in April 1942 it was deployed to the Eastern Front, where it joined Army Group North on the Volkhov Front. In April 1943 it was redeployed to Italy. It fought out the remainder of the war in Italy and the Western Alps, and surrendered to the U.S. Army near Turin in May 1945.
- Julius Ringel (1 November 1940 – 10 February 1944)
- Max-Günther Schrank (10 February 1944 – 18 January 1945)
- Hans Steets (18 January 1945 – 8 May 1945)
- Tessin, Georg (1965). Die Landstreitkräfte 1—5. Die Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939—1945. Frankfurt/Main: E.S. Mittler. p. 290.
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