Heinrich Andergassen

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Andergassen during his trial

Heinrich Andergassen (July 30, 1908 – July 26, 1946) was an Austrian Nazi Party member. He was a member of the SS and Gestapo. He was sentenced by an US military tribunal and executed in 1946 in Pisa, Italy, for his role in the execution of OSS agent Roderick Stephen Hall and six other allied soldiers.[1]

Andergassen spent much of the Second World War working for the Sicherheitsdienst from their base at Bolzano.[2] By the end of the war he had achieved the SS rank of Sturmbannführer, serving under Karl Wolff.[3]

Arthur Schoster, Commissioner of Criminal Police for the Province of Bolzano, shortly after the war described Andergassen "as the incarnation of sadism and brutality; he was incredibly blood-thirsty, especially when under the influence of strong drink, for which he had a great fondness, and was encouraged in all his excesses by his superior", this being August Schiffer. Schiffer and Andergassen escaped from Bolzano on 30 April 1945, shortly before its liberation by the allies.[4]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beimrohr, Wilfried: Die Gestapo in Tirol und Vorarlberg, in: Tiroler Heimat, Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Volkskunde, Innsbruck 2000, p. 225.
  • Lun, Margareth: NS-Herrschaft in Südtirol, Innsbruck (u.a.) 2004, pp. 146, 338, 545.
  • Steinacher, Gerald: "In der Bozner Zelle erhängt …": Roderick Hall — Einziges Ein-Mann-Unternehmen des amerikanischen Kriegsgeheimdienstes in Südtirol" (1999) Retrieved, 23 April 2014
  • Steinacher, Gerald: Südtirol und die Geheimdienste 1943-1945, Innsbrucker Forschungen zur Zeitgeschichte, Bd. 15, Innsbruck (u.a.) 2000, pp. 247-251, 255-270.
  • New York Times: Confess Killing Fliers: Germans on Trial in Naples for Murder of Americans. 11. January 1946, p. 2.
  • The Washington Post: Tell of Four U.S. Fliers´ Death. 11 January 1946, p. 9.
  • Chicago Daily Tribune: 3 Nazis to hang for Murder of 7 Allied Troops. 16 January 1946, p. 12.
  • New York Times: 3 Gestapo Men to Hang: Naples Court Gives Verdict in Murder of 7 Allied Soldiers. 16 January 1946, p. 7.
  • New York Times: Germans incensed at U.S.-Danes Pact: Germans charged with killing Allied Men in Italy. 3 February 1946. p. 12.
  • Los Angeles Times: S.S. Torture Trio Hanged. 27 July 1946, p. 5.
  • New York Times: 3 S.S. Officers Hanged: Trio Convicted of Torture-Killing of 7 Allied Soldiers in Italy. 27 July 1946, p. 5.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Andergassen, Heinrich (1908–1946)" (in German). Gedenkorte Europa 1939–1945. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  2. ^ Michael Salter, Nazi War Crimes, US Intelligence and Selective Prosecution at Nuremberg: Controversies Regarding the Role of the Office of Strategic Services, Routledge, 2007, p. 136
  3. ^ Salter, Nazi War Crimes, US Intelligence and Selective Prosecution at Nuremberg, p. 111
  4. ^ "Roderick "Steve" Hall" (in German). Central Intelligence Agency. 22 September 1993. Retrieved 12 September 2018.