6063 aluminium alloy

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AA 6063 is an aluminium alloy, with magnesium and silicon as the alloying elements. The standard controlling its composition is maintained by The Aluminum Association. It has generally good mechanical properties and is heat treatable and weldable. It is similar to the British aluminium alloy HE9.

6063 is the most common alloy used for aluminium extrusion. It allows complex shapes to be formed with very smooth surfaces fit for anodizing and so is popular for visible architectural applications such as window frames, door frames, roofs, and sign frames.[1][2] Applications requiring higher strength typically use 6061 or 6082 instead.

Basic properties[edit]

6063 has a density of 2.68g/cm^3 (0.0975 lb/cubic inch) [3]

Chemical composition[edit]

The alloy composition of 6063 is: [3]

  • Silicon minimum 0.2%, maximum 0.6% by weight
  • Iron no minimum, maximum 0.35%
  • Copper no minimum, maximum 0.10%
  • Manganese no minimum, maximum 0.10%
  • Magnesium minimum 0.45%, maximum 0.9%
  • Chromium no minimum, maximum 0.10%
  • Zinc no minimum, maximum 0.10%
  • Titanium no minimum, maximum 0.10%
  • Other elements no more than 0.05% each, 0.15% total
  • Remainder Aluminium

Mechanical properties[edit]

The mechanical properties of 6063 depend greatly on the temper, or heat treatment, of the material. [3]

6063-O[edit]

Un-heat-treated 6063 has maximum tensile strength no more than 130 MPa (19,000 psi), and no specified maximum yield strength. The material has elongation (stretch before ultimate failure) of 18%.

6063-T1[edit]

T1 temper 6063 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 120 MPa (17,000 psi) in thicknesses up to 12.7 mm (0.5 in), and 110 MPa (16,000 psi) from 13 to 25 mm (0.5 to 1 in) thick, and yield strength of at least 62 MPa (9,000 psi) in thickness up to 13 millimetres (0.5 in) and 55 MPa (8,000 psi) from 13 mm (0.5 in) thick. It has elongation of 12%.

6063-T4[edit]

6063-T5[edit]

T5 temper 6063 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 140 MPa (20,000 psi) in thicknesses up to 13 millimetres (0.5 in), and 130 MPa (19,000 psi) from 13 mm (0.5 in) thick, and yield strength of at least 97 MPa (14,000 psi) up to 13 millimetres (0.5 in) and 90 MPa (13,000 psi) from13 to 25 mm (0.5 to 1 in). It has elongation of 8%.

6063-T6[edit]

T6 temper 6063 has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 190 MPa (28,000 psi) and yield strength of at least 160 MPa (23,000 psi). In thicknesses of 3.15 millimetres (0.124 in) or less, it has elongation of 8% or more; in thicker sections, it has elongation of 10%.

Other tempers[edit]

6063 is also produced in tempers T52, T53, T54, T55, and T832, with various improved desired properties.

Uses[edit]

6063 is used for architectural fabrication, window and door frames, pipe and tubing, and aluminium furniture.[3]

Welding[edit]

6063 is highly weldable, using tungsten inert gas welding. Typically, after welding, the properties near the weld are those of 6063-0, a loss of strength of up to 30%. The material can be re-heat-treated to restore a higher temper for the whole piece.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aluminum Alloys". Materials Management Inc. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-25. The 6063 alloy is the most commonly used extrusion alloy in the US today. It is our (unconfirmed) opinion that it probably accounts for about 75% - 80% (by weight) of all aluminum extrusions produced. 
  2. ^ "Aluminium Alloys - Aluminium 6063/6063A Properties, Fabrication and Applications". 21 April 2005. Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d Alcoa Alloy 6063 datasheet, accessed November 1, 2006

Further reading[edit]

  • "Properties of Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys: 6063", Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, Vol 2, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1990, p. 103-104.