A regular 65537-gon
|Edges and vertices||65537|
|Symmetry group||Dihedral (D65537), order 2×65537|
|Internal angle (degrees)||≈179.99°|
|Properties||Convex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal|
The area of a regular 65537-gon is (with t = edge length)
The regular 65537-gon (one with all sides equal and all angles equal) is of interest for being a constructible polygon: that is, it can be constructed using a compass and an unmarked straightedge. This is because 65537 is a Fermat prime, being of the form 22n + 1 (in this case n = 4). Thus, the values and are of a 32768-degree algebraic numbers, and like any constructible numbers they can be written in terms of square roots and no higher-order roots.
Although it was known to Gauss by 1801 that the regular 65537-gon was constructible, the first explicit construction of a regular 65537-gon was given by Johann Gustav Hermes (1894). The construction is very complex; Hermes spent 10 years completing the 200-page manuscript. Another method involves the use of at most 1332 Carlyle circles, and the first stages of this method are pictured below. This method faces practical problems, as one of these Carlyle circles solves the quadratic equation x2 + x − 16384 = 0 (16384 being 214).
- Johann Gustav Hermes (1894). "Über die Teilung des Kreises in 65537 gleiche Teile". Nachrichten von der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse (in German). Göttingen. 3: 170–186.
- DeTemple, Duane W. (Feb 1991). "Carlyle circles and Lemoine simplicity of polygon constructions" (PDF). The American Mathematical Monthly. 98 (2): 97–208. doi:10.2307/2323939. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-21. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
- Weisstein, Eric W. "65537-gon". MathWorld.
- Robert Dixon Mathographics. New York: Dover, p. 53, 1991.
- Benjamin Bold, Famous Problems of Geometry and How to Solve Them New York: Dover, p. 70, 1982. ISBN 978-0486242972
- H. S. M. Coxeter Introduction to Geometry, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley, 1969. Chapter 2, Regular polygons
- Leonard Eugene Dickson Constructions with Ruler and Compasses; Regular Polygons Ch. 8 in Monographs on Topics of Modern Mathematics
- Relevant to the Elementary Field (Ed. J. W. A. Young). New York: Dover, pp. 352–386, 1955.
- 65537-gon mathematik-olympiaden.de (German), with images of the documentation HERMES; retrieved on July 9, 2018
- Wikibooks 65573-Eck (German) Approximate construction of the first side in two main steps
- 65537-gon, exact construction for the 1st side, using the Quadratrix of Hippias and GeoGebra as additional aids, with brief description (German)