ASEAN Heritage Parks

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The Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Heritage Parks are representative of efforts to conserve areas of particular biodiversity importance or exceptional uniqueness throughout ASEAN member states. The ASEAN Ministers of Environment cooperatively signed the ASEAN Declaration on Heritage Parks on 18 December 2003. The ASEAN Member Countries agreed that

"common cooperation is necessary to conserve and manage the AHP for the development and implementation of regional conservation and management action plans as well as regional mechanisms complementary to national efforts to implement conservation measures."[1]

The ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) serves as the secretariat of the ASEAN Heritage Parks Programme and is responsible for reviewing the following principles:[2]

  • Maintenance of the essential ecological processes and life-support systems;
  • Preservation of genetic diversity;
  • Maintenance of species diversity of plants and animals within their natural habitat;
  • Ensure sustainable utilization of resources; and
  • Provision of opportunities for outdoor recreation, tourism, education and research to make people recognize the importance of natural resources.

37 ASEAN Heritage Parks have been designated since the last inscription in November 2015. 4 sites are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Kinabalu National Park of Malaysia, Lorentz National Park of West Papua, Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park of the Philippines, and Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary of the Philippines.


ASEAN Heritage Parks[3]
Park Country
Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park  Myanmar
Ao Phang-Nga - Mu Ko Surin - Mu Ko Similan National Park  Thailand
Apo Natural Park  Philippines
Ba Be National Park  Vietnam
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve  Singapore
Chư Mom Ray National Park  Vietnam
Gunung Leuser National Park  Indonesia
Gunung Mulu National Park  Malaysia
Hoàng Liên Sa Pa National Park  Vietnam
Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park  Philippines
Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar
Inlé Lake Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar
Kaeng Krachan National Park  Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park  Indonesia
Khakaborazi National Park  Myanmar
Khao Yai National Park  Thailand
Kinabalu National Park  Malaysia
Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park  Philippines
Kon Ka Kinh National Park  Vietnam
Lampi Kyun Wildlife Reserve  Myanmar
Lorentz National Park  Indonesia
Mount Malindang Range Natural Park  Philippines
Meinmhala Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar
Nam Ha Protected Area  Laos
Nat Ma Taung National Park  Myanmar
Preah Monivong (Bokor) National Park  Cambodia
Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve  Singapore
Taman Negara National Park  Malaysia
Tarutao National Marine Park  Thailand
Tasek Merimbun Heritage Park[4]  Brunei
U Minh Thượng National Park  Vietnam
Virachey National Park  Cambodia
Mount Makiling Nature Reserve  Philippines
Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park  Philippines
Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary  Philippines
Timpoong and Hibok-Hibok Natural Monument  Philippines
Way Kambas National Park  Indonesia
Bái Tử Long National Park  Vietnam

ASEAN Heritage Domain[edit]

Various scholars from Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, and Singapore have expressed the need to establish a cultural-counterpart of the ASEAN Heritage Park, as the current ASEAN heritage list only focuses on ASEAN's natural heritage sites. disregarding its cultural domains such as the Borobudur, Bali's heritage structures, Intramuros, Thai and Cambodian royal palaces, Bagan, Huế, and Vientiane, among many others. Among the reasons for the establishment of such a list are the severe degrading of various cultural sites in the region, the lack of funding to maintain such sites because of the lack of education of its significance to a nation and the region, and the lack of established management plans in the local level - causing more degrading moves to the region's cultural heritage, especially as modernization have been creeping in various heritage zones in the country such as Jakarta, Manila, Bangkok, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Surabaya, Cebu City, Chiang Mai, Vientiane, Ternate, Yangon, and Bandar Seri Begawan.

The formation of a comprehensive ASEAN Heritage Site program can also be the precursor of the enlistment of more UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Southeast Asian region, a needed push as Southeast Asia is one of the lagging regions of the world when it comes to UNESCO World Heritage Site designations, especially when compared with East Asia, West Asia, and South Asia.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Regional Action Plan for ASEAN Heritage Parks and Protected Areas[permanent dead link] (ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, 2008) pp. 5, accessed 11, May 2011
  2. ^ "ASEAN Heritage Parks".
  3. ^ "ASEAN Heritage Parks".
  4. ^ "ASEAN Heritage Parks".