ASEAN Heritage Parks

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ASEAN Heritage Parks (AHP) are selected protected areas in the ASEAN region which are known for their unique biodiversity and ecosystems, wilderness and outstanding values in scenic, cultural, educational, research, recreational and tourism.[1] Its vision is "An ASEAN region whose biodiversity is conserved, sustainably managed and used, and equitably shared for the well-being of its peoples."[2] The ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) in the Philippines serves as the secretariat of the ASEAN Heritage Parks Programme.

The ASEAN Heritage Parks were established as the ASEAN national heritage parks and nature reserves on 29 November 1984 when only 6 countries: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand were member countries.[3] They became known by the present name on 18 December 2003 after Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam joined the organisation between 1995 and 1999. Through declarations, ASEAN member countries agreed that, "common cooperation is necessary to conserve and manage the parks for the development and implementation of regional conservation as well as regional mechanisms complementary to national efforts to implement conservation measures.[4]

Forty-nine ASEAN Heritage Parks have been designated as of 2019.[5] Eight sites are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Kinabalu National Park of Malaysia; Gunung Mulu National Park of Malaysia; Lorentz National Park of Indonesia; Kerinci Seblat National Park and Gunung Leuser National Park as 2 of 3 national parks that form Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra of Indonesia; Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park of the Philippines; Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary of the Philippines; and Khao Yai National Park of Thailand.

List of parks[edit]

The following is a list of areas designated as ASEAN Heritage Parks.[6]

No. Park Country Date of declaration
1 Tasek Merimbun Heritage Park  Brunei 29 November 1984
2 Kerinci Seblat National Park  Indonesia 29 November 1984
3 Mount Leuser National Park  Indonesia 29 November 1984
4 Lorentz National Park  Indonesia 29 November 1984
5 Gunung Mulu National Park  Malaysia 29 November 1984
6 Kinabalu National Park  Malaysia 29 November 1984
7 Taman Negara National Park  Malaysia 29 November 1984
8 Mount Apo Natural Park  Philippines 29 November 1984
9 Mounts Iglit–Baco National Park  Philippines 29 November 1984
10 Khao Yai National Park  Thailand 29 November 1984
11 Tarutao National Marine Park  Thailand 29 November 1984
12 Preah Monivong National Park (Bokor)  Cambodia 18 December 2003
13 Virachey National Park  Cambodia 18 December 2003
14 Nam Ha National Protected Area  Laos 18 December 2003
15 Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park  Myanmar 18 December 2003
16 Hkakaborazi National Park  Myanmar 18 November 2003
17 Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar 18 December 2003
18 Inlé Lake Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar 18 December 2003
19 Lampi Island Marine National Park  Myanmar 18 December 2003
20 Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar 18 December 2003
21 Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve  Singapore 18 December 2003
22 Ao Phang Nga National Park, Surin Islands and Similan Islands  Thailand 18 December 2003
23 Kaeng Krachan National Park  Thailand 18 December 2003
24 Ba Be National Park  Vietnam 18 December 2003
25 Chư Mom Ray National Park  Vietnam 18 December 2003
26 Hoàng Liên Sa Pa National Park  Vietnam 18 November 2003
27 Kon Ka Kinh National Park  Vietnam 18 December 2003
28 Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park  Philippines 30 October 2009
29 Mount Malindang Range Natural Park  Philippines 10 October 2011
30 Bukit Timah Nature Reserve  Singapore 18 October 2011
31 Natmataung National Park  Myanmar 25 September 2012
32 U Minh Thượng National Park  Vietnam 25 September 2012
33 Mount Makiling Forest Reserve  Philippines 25 September 2013
34 Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary  Philippines 21 October 2014
35 Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park  Philippines 21 October 2014
36 Way Kambas National Park  Indonesia 28 October 2015
37 Timpoong and Hibok-Hibok Natural Monument  Philippines 28 October 2015
38 Bái Tử Long National Park  Vietnam 30 September 2016
39 Thousand Islands National Park  Indonesia 13 November 2017
40 Wakatobi National Park  Indonesia 13 November 2017
41 Bantimurung–Bulusaraung National Park  Indonesia 17 August 2018
42 Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary  Philippines 2018
43 Bidoup Núi Bà National Park  Vietnam 2018
44 Vu Quang National Park  Vietnam 2018
45 Hat Chao Mai National Park and Mu Ko Libong islands  Thailand 2019
46 Mu Ko Ang Thong National Park  Thailand 2019
47 Lò Gò-Xa Mát National Park  Vietnam 2019
48 Ngọc Linh Nature Reserve  Vietnam 2019
49 Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary  Myanmar 2019
50 Khao Sok National Park  Thailand 18 February 2021

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ASEAN Heritage Parks
  2. ^ "VISION, MISSION & GOALS". ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  3. ^ ASEAN Declaration on Heritage Parks and Reserves - Bangkok, Thailand 29 November 1984
  4. ^ ASEAN Declaration on Heritage Parks - Yangon, Myanmar 18 December 2003
  5. ^ "15th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Environment and the 15th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution". Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). ASEAN Secretariat News. 9 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  6. ^ "ASEAN Heritage Parks". ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity.

External links[edit]