Pensacola Christian College

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Pensacola Christian College
Pensacola Christian College
Motto Strength. Truth. Beauty.
Type Private
Established 1974
Affiliation Independent Baptist[1]
President Troy Shoemaker
Students 4,882[2]
Address 250 Brent Lane, Pensacola, Florida, US
Colors Blue and White
Mascot Eagle
Website www.pcci.edu

Coordinates: 30°28′15″N 87°13′57″W / 30.4709°N 87.2325°W / 30.4709; -87.2325 Pensacola Christian College (PCC) is a Christian, Independent Baptist[1] nonprofit liberal arts college in Pensacola, Florida. Founded in 1974 by Arlin and Beka Horton, it is accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools since 2013.[3]

History[edit]

The Crowne Center, which serves as an auditorium and campus church, was built in 2001

Arlin and Beka Horton graduated from Bob Jones University in 1951,[4] and moved to Pensacola, Florida in 1952 to found a Christian grade school. That school, Pensacola Christian Grade School, opened in 1954 and was later renamed Pensacola Christian Academy.

In 1974, the Hortons opened Pensacola Christian College to further their vision of "Education from a Christian Perspective." The college opened to 100 students the first year, and was based in a single building, Ballard Hall. The student body now spans all fifty states and more than fifty foreign countries.[5]

Pensacola Theological Seminary, an extension of PCC's graduate school, was founded in 1998. Its avowed purpose is "to fill each student’s mind and heart with what the Bible says."[5]

In 1996, state and federal agencies requested millions of dollars of unpaid taxes between 1988 and 1995 from A Beka Book, at the time a division of PCC.[6] A Beka Book (named after Horton's wife, Rebecca), provides a K–12 curriculum that is used by some Christian schools and homeschooling families[7] and is one of the largest Christian textbook publishers in America.

In February 2012, Arlin Horton announced that he would be retiring from the ministry after the May 2012 school year. The school's board voted unanimously to install Troy Shoemaker, a PCC graduate, as president of the college.[8] Mr. Shoemaker obtained a bachelor's degree in education from PCC in 1989, and a doctorate of education from PCC in 2007.

Academics[edit]

The main entrance to the main academic and administration building

PCC has eight academic divisions including Arts and Sciences, Basic Sciences and Engineering, Bible, Business, Communicative Arts, Education, Music, and Nursing.[9] Graduate degrees are offered through the Graduate school at PCC and through Pensacola Theological Seminary in the fields of Bible, Business Administration, Communicative Arts, Divinity, Education, Ministry, Music, and Nursing.[10]

Students who study education are told the PCC program is for "Christian school teachers" and states that their approach is for a "local Christian school ministry" and is "not designed for preparing to teach in public schools."[11]

Because the college accepts a literal interpretation of the Genesis creation narrative from the Bible and teaches students young Earth creationism,[12] students are taught that God created the Earth in six literal 24-hour days[12] and its biology classes teach creationism.[13]

Accreditation[edit]

Since 2013, Pensacola Christian College has been accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (TRACS), a religious national accreditation agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education, to offer Associates to Doctorates degrees.[3]

From 1974 until 2011, Pensacola Christian College did not seek accreditation. In numerous[citation needed] publications the school explained that it eschewed accreditation, indicating that an outside agency that didn't share its religious and moral views might try to pressure the college to change or eliminate its beliefs.

The college changed course on November 9, 2011, when the administration informed its students that PCC had been awarded candidacy for accreditation, a pre-accreditation status, by Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools.[14] In October 2013, PCC was officially accredited by TRACS.[3]

The baccalaureate and master's degrees in nursing at Pensacola Christian College are also accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing, and the baccalaureate degree in engineering is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET.

Student life[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Arlin R. Horton Sports Center

PCC participates in the National Christian College Athletic Association (NCCAA) for intercollegiate sports. Sports include men's basketball and soccer and women's basketball and volleyball. The men's wrestling team won the NCCAA national championship in 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1998, the last year before the NCCAA discontinued the sport.[15][16] The Men's Eagles Basketball games as well as the Lady Eagles basketball games are played in the arena level of the Sports Center. PCC also hosts a number of invitational high school sporting tournaments and camps.[citation needed].

In addition to intercollegiate athletics, PCC students are also afforded the opportunity to play intramural sports through their Collegians.[citation needed] Sports offered through collegians include soccer, basketball, softball, volleyball, and broom-hockey among others. Every fall Collegian Soccer culminates with the winners of the playoffs facing each other in the annual Turkey Bowl held over the Thanksgiving weekend.[citation needed] Also in the spring students can play softball and basketball.[citation needed]

Recreation[edit]

The campus offers opportunities for individual or group recreation, such as the Arlin R. Horton Sports Center that opened in 2009.[citation needed] The Sports Center has facilities for ice skating, bowling, racquetball, miniature golf, table tennis, and weight lifting.[17] In addition, it includes a surfing wave, water cannons, an inline skating track, a rooftop sun deck, a snack bar, and two climbing walls.[17] The campus also has the John Ray Hall Field House in which students can play basketball, swim, work out in the weight room, and play tennis.. For students willing to make the 30-minute drive, the West Campus has 24 Hobie catamarans with classes "offered in sailing, kayaking, swimming, and lifeguarding."[18]

Rules and regulations[edit]

The main dining facility

PCC policies govern many aspects of the students' lives, including dress, hairstyles, cleanliness of residence hall rooms, styles of music, borrowing, off-campus employment, and Internet access.[19] For example, "All students are expected to dress modestly, in conservative fashions and . . . men are not to wear effeminate hairstyles or apparel."[20]

PCC also prohibits physical contact and interaction between unwed members of the opposite sex. For example, a chaperone and "day-pass" is required for a "mixed group" for students under the age of 23.[21] Students over the age of 23 are not required to have a chaperone on a date, but cannot go to a beach or a park after dark and cannot "visit the home of an unmarried person of the opposite gender."[22]


Most stairwells and elevators on campus are segregated by gender.

Other prohibited activities at PCC include "fornication, adultery, homosexual behavior, or any other sexual perversion. Also, any involvement in pornography or sexual communications, including verbal, written, or electronic."[23] In addition, "most forms of dancing," profanity, hazing, discrimination, gambling, stealing and "witchcraft, séances, astrology, or any other satanic practices" are also banned." Students are also not allowed to use, possess, or "associate" with alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs.[23] Policy violations also include visiting movie theaters, patronizing unauthorized area businesses, being off campus after hours, being in a residence hall belonging to a member of the opposite sex, and engaging in social activities with members of the opposite sex as a group.[23]

Demerits and discipline[edit]

Area outside of the student union, known as the Commons building

The school operates a "demerit" system where "demerits" are "recorded on a student’s record for the purpose of limiting continued misconduct, given for continued neglect of responsibilities or for more serious offenses."[23] PCC has four levels of punishment; students can be given "infractions," can be "limited", "shadowed", or expelled. For students, who receive "75 demerits in consecutive semesters or 100 demerits within a semester may be subject to suspension."[23] Students who have these demerits are subject to administrative review by the Student Court, during which demerits are assigned or canceled corresponding to the degree of the infraction or circumstantial conditions surrounding the incident in question."[23]

Students who acquire a certain number of demerits in a semester are "limited," meaning they are not allowed to leave campus for a period of time.[23] Students suspected of more serious violations may be subject to being "shadowed," where they are assigned to a Residence Assistant (a fellow student who is selected by PCC to provide leadership in the residence hall and to enforce college regulations).[23] This includes being required to attend the Residence Assistant's classes and moving to the Residence Assistant's room.[24] While being shadowed the student is prohibited from speaking with any student other than the Residence Assistant.

The rules and disciplinary policies at Pensacola Christian College have been the subject of criticism. In 1996 a PCC alumnus started an electronic newsletter entitled The Student Voice, which criticized PCC, particularly the school's rules and demerit system.[25] It was originally published in a newsletter format distributed exclusively via e-mail, and it was later published at www.pensacolachristiancollege.com. Following numerous attempts by the college to have the website shut down through arbitration and lawsuits, the website's owners relinquished control of the domain to the college, who has redirected the domain to the main PCC website.[25][26][27][28][29]

Faith and King-James-only debate[edit]

PCC rejects Calvinism, Modernism, Neo-orthodoxy and the modern day charismatic movement and specifically states that "Pensacola Christian is not a part of the 'tongues movement' and does not allow students to participate in or promote any charismatic activities, nor do we permit students to promote hyper-Calvinism."[30]

PCC also states that they believe the Textus Receptus is the superior Greek text of the Bible and upon this basis use the King James version of the Bible for all their pulpit ministry and classroom Bible instruction.[30]

Conflict with Kent Hovind[edit]

In the mid-1990s, after former senior vice president Rebekah Horton learned of Kent Hovind's anti-tax stand where he claimed he did not have to pay taxes, she testified during Hovind's 2006 criminal trial that his tax beliefs are "against Scripture's teaching" and she reported the misleading doctrine because "I didn't want to see innocent people get led astray."[31] After learning of Hovind's tax teaching, Pensacola Christian College no longer permitted students to work at Creation Science Evangelism, Hovind's organization.[31] Rebekah Horton testified in federal court that she will report people who break federal tax law.[31]


Other ministries of PCC[edit]

The Crowne Center before chapel

The Campus Church[edit]

Pensacola Christian College operates The Crowne Centre, also called the "Campus Church," which is an Independent Baptist church in its campus auditorium and has Sunday morning, evening and Wednesday evening services.[32] According to PCC, "All students carrying 12 or more credit hours are required to attend chapel. Part-time students and special students attend chapel on the days in which they have a class before noon."[32]

Jim Schettler served as the church pastor, but resigned in May 2006. On December 10, 2006, Horton announced that Neal Jackson would be the pastor[33] and on August 20, 2009, Jackson resigned his position. Then on August 14, 2011 Horton announced that Denis McBride would be the new pastor.[34]

Rejoice in the Lord[edit]

The Campus Church of Pensacola Christian College records its Sunday services for weekly television broadcast of Rejoice in the Lord. The programming of Rejoice in the Lord consists of musical numbers performed by the Rejoice Choir, various PCC musical ensemble groups, congregational singing recorded in the Campus Church and preaching by Joel Mullenix, Rejoice TV's pastor.[34] The hour-long television program is broadcast at 7 p.m. EST on Sundays.

WPCS[edit]

Pensacola Christian College owns radio station WPCS 89.5 FM, known on-air as Rejoice Radio. WPCS is the main station of the Rejoice Broadcasting Network (sometimes referred to as "RBN"). The content heard on Rejoice Radio consists primarily of inspirational music and syndicated Christian radio programming.

A Beka Book [edit]

A Beka Book is a publisher affiliated[clarification needed] with Pensacola Christian College that produces K–12 curriculum materials that are used by fundamentalist [35][36] conservative Christian schools as well as non-fundamentalist Christian schools[citation needed] and homeschooling families around the world. It is named after Rebekah Horton, wife of college president Arlin Horton. A Beka Book and BJU Press (formerly Bob Jones University Press) have been considered the two major publishers of Christian-based educational materials in America.[37]

It has been criticized for selling works that do not follow the scientific consensus regarding the origins of the universe, origins of life, and evolution. In Association of Christian Schools International et al. v. Roman Stearns et al., a judge upheld the University of California's rejection of A Beka publications for preparatory use because the books are "inconsistent with the viewpoints and knowledge generally accepted in the scientific community."[38][39]

Notable alumni[edit]

Name Known for Relationship to Pensacola Christian College
James Van Huss State Representative in House district 6 of Tennessee. 8th generation Northeastern Tennessean. Served three tours in Iraq and one tour in Afghanistan with the United States Marine Corps[40] Computer Science 2003.[41]
Mark E. Clayton Was the 2012 Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate from Tennessee. The Tennessee Democratic Party disavowed Clayton's candidacy for his associations with the Public Advocate of the United States based in Washington, D.C. considered a "hate group" by the Alabama-based Southern Poverty Law Center. Pre-Law, 2002.[42]
Maria Boren Job candidate on the 2nd season of NBC's reality TV show, The Apprentice in 2004. Bachelor's in business, minor in home economics, 1994[43]
Garrett Mason Elected to the Maine Senate in November 2010. Management, 2006.[44]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Elected to United States House of Representatives from Washington state in November 2004. Pre-Law, 1990[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Articles of Faith". Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Joseph Baucum (2017-05-22). "Escambia County approves vacating Rawson Lane to PCC". Pensacola News Journal. Ganette. 
  3. ^ a b c "October 2013 Accreditation Commission action". Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools. November 7, 2013. 
  4. ^ CLA [Christian Law Association] Defender, 4:9 (September 1981), 19; Bob Jones University Vintage (yearbook), 1951, 183.
  5. ^ a b "History of PCC · Pensacola Christian College". Pensacola Christian College. Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  6. ^ "Taxpayers foot religious school's tax tab". St. Petersburg Times. Jul 7, 1996. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  7. ^ Our Foundation. (2008). A Beka Book, para. 2. Retrieved from http://www.abeka.com/OurFoundation.html
  8. ^ Horton, Arlin. "President Horton Announces Retirement". Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Majors Index". Pensacola Christian College. 2007. Archived from the original on February 9, 2007. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  10. ^ "Catalog 2013" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  11. ^ "Catalog 2013" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  page 18, 48
  12. ^ a b "We believe God created the heavens and earth in six literal days, and that God created all life (Gen. 1). We reject the man-made theory of evolution occurring over millions of years and believe the earth is 6,000 years old.""Catalog 2013" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  page 7
  13. ^ "Catalog 2012" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.  page 208
  14. ^ "Announcement from PCC’s President". Pensacola Christian College. November 12, 2011. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  15. ^ "PCC". Retrieved 2017-01-17. 
  16. ^ "Men's Wrestling Archives" (PDF). NCCAA. Retrieved 2017-01-19. 
  17. ^ a b "Sports Center". Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  18. ^ "West Campus". Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  19. ^ "PCC Pathway to College Success Student Resource Guide 2013–2014" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  pages 14–17
  20. ^ "PCC Pathway to College Success Student Resource Guide 2013–2014" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  page 15
  21. ^ "PCC Pathway to College Success Student Resource Guide 2013–2014" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  pages 37
  22. ^ "PCC Pathway to College Success Student Resource Guide 2013–2014" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  pages 40
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h "PCC Pathway to College Success Student Resource Guide 2013–2014" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  24. ^ Bartlett, Thomas (2006). "A College That's Strictly Different," The Chronicle of Higher Education.
  25. ^ a b "Thou shalt not steal? Christian college, alum end battle over domain name". Fox News. April 7, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  26. ^ "Pensacola Christian College Sues Former Graduate for $100,000 Over Domain Name". Christian Post. April 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  27. ^ "Pensacola Christian College sues over website". Pensacola News Journal. March 31, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  28. ^ Pensacola Christian College Inc v Peter Gage
  29. ^ http://www.pensacolachristiancollege.com redirects to the http://www.pcci.edu website.
  30. ^ a b "Articles of Faith". Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  31. ^ a b c Fail, Angela (October 20, 2006). "Christian College leader says taxes are part of religion: Hovind argues God's workers are exempt". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  32. ^ a b "Catalog" (PDF). Pensacola Christian College. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-29.  page 13
  33. ^ Campus Church welcomes new Pastors
  34. ^ a b "Campus Church has New Pastor". Pensacola Christian College. August 8, 2011. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  35. ^ Wagner, Melinda Bollar (1991). God's schools: choice and compromise in American society. Rutgers University Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8135-1607-3. 
  36. ^ Parsons, Paul F (1988). Inside America's Christian Schools. Mercer University Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-86554-303-4. 
  37. ^ Parsons, Paul F (1988). Inside America's Christian Schools. Mercer University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-86554-303-4. 
  38. ^ "Creationist lawsuit against UC system to proceed". National Center for Science Education. August 10, 2006. Retrieved 2009-11-18. 
  39. ^ "Judge throws out religious discrimination suit". North County Times. August 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  40. ^ http://www.micahvanhuss.com/index.php
  41. ^ http://www.capitol.tn.gov/House/members/h6.html
  42. ^ "Authorities trace pair's trip". Las Vegas Review-Journal. May 11, 2001. Retrieved July 24, 2009. 
  43. ^ "'Apprentice' connection," Pensacola News Journal, Jan 14, 2005
  44. ^ "PCC Graduates in Government". Pensacola Christian College. 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2013. 
  45. ^ Project Vote Smart – Representative Cathy McMorris-Rodgers – Biography

External links[edit]