A Night in Tunisia
|"A Night in Tunisia"|
|Song by Dizzy Gillespie & his Sextet|
It is also known as "Interlude", under which title it was recorded (with lyrics) by Sarah Vaughan (from the EP "Hot Jazz", 1953) and Anita O'Day. Gillespie himself called the tune "Interlude" and says "some genius decided to call it 'Night in Tunisia'". It appears as the title track of 30 CDs and is included in over 500 currently available CDs. In January 2004, The Recording Academy added the Dizzy Gillespie & his Sextet’s 1946 Victor recording to its Grammy Hall of Fame.
Gillespie said the tune was composed at the piano at Kelly's Stables in New York. Strangely, on his live album A Night at Birdland Vol. 1, Art Blakey introduces his cover version with this statement: "At this time we'd like to play a tune [that] was written by the famous Dizzy Gillespie. I feel rather close to this tune because I was right there when he composed it in Texas on the bottom of a garbage can." The audience laughs, but Blakey responds, "Seriously." The liner notes say, "The Texas department of sanitation can take a low bow."
Gillespie gave Frank Paparelli co-writer credit as a payoff for some unrelated transcription work, however Paparelli actually had nothing to do with the song.
The complex bass line in the "A section" is notable for avoiding the standard walking bass pattern of straight quarter notes, and the use of oscillating half-step-up/half-step-down chord changes (using the Sub V) gives the song a unique, mysterious feeling. The B section is notable for having an unresolved minor II-V, as the V chord leads back into the Sub V of the A section. Like many of Gillespie's tunes, it features a short written introduction and a brief interlude that occurs between solo sections — in this case, a twelve-bar sequence leading into a four-bar break for the next soloist.
Cover versions and adaptations
One of its most famous performances is Charlie Parker's recording for Dial. (Dial released a fragmentary take of it with the title "The Famous Alto Break". See Charlie Parker's Savoy and Dial Sessions for more info.) The tune also became closely identified with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, who often performed it.
It has been covered in various styles by various artists, including:
The song was a part of the Blue Devils Drum and Bugle Corps show in 1997.
- Porter, Eric C. (January 1, 2002). What Is This Thing Called Jazz?: African American Musicians As Artists, Critics, and Activists (3rd ed.). University of California Press. p. 74. ISBN 0520928407.
- "Night in Tunisia" at jazzstandards.com. Accessed 10 January 2008.
- p. 172 To Be, Or Not... To Bop
- p. 171 To Be Or Not... To Bop
- It's not clear whether Blakey was mistaken or joking.
- "A Night in Tunisia (Album Version)" at amazon.com. Accessed 19 march 2010.