A Rage in Harlem
|A Rage in Harlem|
|Directed by||Bill Duke|
|Produced by||Kerry Rock
|Written by||John Toles-Bey|
|Screenplay by||Bobby Crawford|
|Story by||Chester Himes|
|Music by||Elmer Bernstein
|Edited by||Curtiss Clayton|
|Distributed by||Miramax Films|
|Box office||$10.4 million (USA)|
|This article needs an improved plot summary. (October 2015)|
A beautiful black gangster's moll flees to Harlem with a trunkload of gold after a shootout, unaware that the rest of the gang, and a few other unsavoury characters, are on her trail.
- Forest Whitaker as Jackson
- Gregory Hines as Goldy
- Robin Givens as Imabelle
- Zakes Mokae as Big Kathy
- Danny Glover as Easy Money
- Badja Djola as Slim
- John Toles-Bey as Jodie
- Tyler Collins as Teena
- Ron Taylor as Hank
- Samm-Art Williams as Gus Parsons
- Stack Pierce as Coffin Ed
- Willard E. Pugh as Claude X
- Helen Martin as Mrs. Canfield
- Wendell Pierce as Louis
- T. K. Carter as Smitty
- Jalacy Hawkins as Screamin' Jay Hawkins
- Beatrice Winde as Clerk
- George Wallace as Gravedigger Jones
Development and production
William Horberg, eventually credited as an executive producer, got the project started when he optioned the rights to Himes' novel. Hornberg, a first-time producer approached John Toles-Bey, a Chicago-based actor with no screenwriting credits, to draft the film's first script; the development effort gained steam after Hornberg met Kerry Boyle of Palace Productions, and through the efforts of Boyle and Stephen Woolley, the film was sold to Miramax Films and given the green-light.
According to publicity leading up to the start of principal photography, Forest Whitaker was the first of the two lead actors to commit to the film, described as an action-comedy with "very dark" comedy. Whitaker among others, was consulted as Boyle and Woolley sought an African American to direct the film, doing so because they believed "maintaining the cultural integrity of the novel demanded a black director"; they also wanted "someone who was older and secure enough to collaborate and make a picture that we could distribute widely, but who still had a passion for the material." They chose Duke in part for his experience directing Hill Street Blues, experience that was key "because of the way that series mixed humor and violence." Duke later cast Robin Givens to play the female lead after considering 300 women for the part.
The film was shot in the Cincinnati, Ohio neighborhood of Over-the-Rhine, whose "un-gentrified area of the old downtown lower depths stood in quite nicely for ... 1950s Harlem." About midway during production, it turned out that Duke and Woolley had undiscussed differences about the tone the film was going to take:
About halfway through we [Woolley and Duke] were looking at a scene, and I turned to Bill [Duke] and said 'You know, that wasn't quite as funny as it was in the script. And I don't know why. And he said to me, 'We're not making no god-damn comedy.' I'd raised the entire money for this film on the basis that it was a comedy. It was Chester Himes, it was supposed to be funny. And a shiver went down my spine...I hoped that Bill was joking. But I realized he thought we were making Porgy and Bess.
The film premiered in competition at the 44th Cannes Film Festival in its Grand Palais, receiving a "five-minute standing ovation." It was also shown at the 2nd Stockholm International Film Festival.
Vincent Canby, reviewing the film for The New York Times, called it "painless, occasionally funny" but with a "heedlessly incomprehensible plot"; according to Canby, "Because the screenplay is so thin, the characters are revealed entirely by the actors who play them. Miss Givens does particularly well as a doxy with a heart of gold as well as a trunk full of it. She looks great and shows a real flair for absurd comedy. Mr. Hines, Mr. Whitaker and Mr. Glover also are in good form, as are Badja Djola, who plays Imabelle's intimidatingly large former lover, the guy she's stolen the gold from, and Mr. Toles-Bey, who, in addition to working on the screenplay, appears as one of the bad guys."
- Pat H. Broeske (February 18, 1990). "Fabulous '50s". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- A Rage in Harlem at Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- William Horberg (November 7, 2008). "The Last Chester Himes Movie? pt 2". Typepad. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- "Bill Duke". Gale Group's Contemporary Black Biography. Answers.com. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- Stephen Woolley, Francine Stock (host) (17 September 2010). The Film programme – Francine Stock talks to Stephen Woolley ... (Radio broadcast / podcast). BBC Radio 4. Event occurs at 10:22 – 11:14. Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
...[A]bout halfway through we were looking at a scene, and I turned to Bill [Duke] and said 'You know [pause] that wasn't quite as funny as it was in the script. And I don't know why. And he said to me , 'We're not making no god-damn comedy.' I'd raised the entire money for this film on the basic that it was a comedy. It was Chester Himes, it was supposed to be funny. And a shiver went down my spine...I hoped that Bill was joking. But I realized he thought we were making Porgy and Bess.
- "Festival de Cannes: A Rage in Harlem". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- "A Rage in Harlem av Bill Duke". Stockholm International Film Festival. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- Vincent Canby (May 3, 1991). "Panning for Gold in 1950's Harlem, via Himes Novel". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-06.