|Location||Abashiri, Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan|
|Managed by||Ministry of Justice|
Abashiri Prison (Japanese: 網走刑務所, Hepburn: Abashiri Keimusho) is a prison in Abashiri, Hokkaido Prefecture that opened in 1890. The northernmost prison in Japan, it is located near the Abashiri River and east of Mount Tento. It holds inmates with sentences of less than ten years. Older parts of the prison were relocated to the base of Mount Tento in 1983, where they operate as the country's only prison museum.
In April 1890, the Meiji government sent over a thousand political prisoners to the isolated Abashiri village and forced them to build roads linking it to the more populous south. Abashiri Prison later became known for being a self-sufficient farming prison, and was cited as a model for others throughout Japan.
In 1983, older parts of the prison were relocated to the base of Mount Tento and operate as a museum called the Abashiri Prison Museum (博物館網走監獄). It is the only prison museum in the country. As of 2016, eight of the buildings preserved at the museum are designated Important Cultural Property by the Agency for Cultural Affairs, while three are registered Tangible Cultural Property.
- Yoshie Shiratori, the only person to escape from Abashiri Prison
- Kyuichi Tokuda, politician imprisoned at Abashiri from 1934–1940
- Kenji Miyamoto, politician
- Branko Vukelić, Yugoslav spy
- Shūsuke Nomura, activist
- George Abe, author and former yakuza
- Kōzō Minō, former yakuza whose memoirs were turned into the Battles Without Honor and Humanity film series
- Hajime Itō, author of the novel Abashiri Bangaichi, which was adapted into two films, the second of which spawned the Abashiri Prison film series
The 1965 film Abashiri Prison spawned a popular series of yakuza films featuring the prison.
- "Inmates in Hokkaido raise beef cattle to learn about value of life". The Japan Times. 2015-06-23. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
- "Abashiri astounds with its ice and convict connections". The Japan Times. 2013-03-24. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
- "道内の文化財を訪ねて 旧網走監獄 静かに光差す舎房 ／北海道" (in Japanese). Mainichi Shimbun. 2016-06-12. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
- "国の重要文化財指定へ！事務局長に聞く「博物館網走監獄」の楽しみ方" (in Japanese). Hokkaido Relations, Inc. 2015-12-29. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
- Schreiber, Mark (2018-05-05). "News outlets quick to fall in love with prison break coverage". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
- Mitchell, Richard H. (1992). Janus-Faced Justice: Political Criminals in Imperial Japan. University of Hawaii Press. p. 93. ISBN 9780824814106. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
- Ishikawa, Machiko. "Writing the Sense of Loss in the Inner Self: A Narrative of Nakagami Kenji and Nagayama Norioin Late 1960s Tokyo" (PDF). Australian National University. p. 5. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
- Simonović, B. (2016-04-26). "Pol i Hiroši, braća po ocu Ličaninu" (in Bosnian). Vesti. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
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