Abbas Ali Khalatbari

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Abbas Ali Khalatbari
Abbas-Ali Khal'atbari.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1971 – 27 August 1978
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda
Preceded by Ardeshir Zahedi
Succeeded by Amir Khosrow Afshar
General Secretary of CENTO
In office
June 1962 – January 1968
Preceded by Mirza Osman Ali Baig
Succeeded by Turgut Menemencioglu
Personal details
Born 1912
Died 11 April 1979 (aged 66–67)
Tehran
Nationality Iranian

Abbas Ali Khalatbari (1912 – 11 April 1979) was an Iranian diplomat, who served as the minister of foreign affairs from 1971 to 1978.

Early years and education[edit]

Khalatbari was born in 1912.[1][2] He was a member of a well-established family.[3][4]

He received a bachelor's degree in political sciences in Paris in 1936.[5] He held a PhD in law, which he again received in Paris in 1938.[5]

Career[edit]

Khalatbari was a career diplomat.[6] He was among the significant diplomats who shaped the foreign relations of Iran under the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[3] He began his career in finance ministry in 1940 and then joined the foreign ministry in 1942.[5] He briefly served as the Iran's ambassador to Poland in 1961.[5]

He was appointed secretary general of CENTO in January 1962, replacing Mirza Osman Ali Baig in the post.[7][8] Khalatbari was in office until January 1968 when Turgut Menemencioglu succeeded him in the post.[9] From 1968 to 1970 he served as the deputy minister of foreign affairs.[10]

Khalatbari was appointed foreign minister in 1971, replacing Ardeshir Zahedi in the post.[1] Khalatbari paid an official visit to Israel in 1977 as a guest of his Israeli counterpart Yigal Allon.[11] Khalatbari's term as foreign minister ended on 27 August 1978[12] and he was replaced by Amir Khosrow Afshar in the post.[2] Although being loyal to the Shah, Khalatbari learned his removal from the early morning radio news.[13]

Personal life[edit]

Khalatbari was married and had four children.[5] He was fluent in French and English.[5]

Later years and death[edit]

Khalatbari was arrested and sentenced to death on the charges of "corruption on earth; membership of the former regime, being a minister of the former government, being a SAVAK agent, being member of a government delegation acting against the interests of the nation; being employed by the CIA; treason, acting against the interest of the people, acting against the security of the nation" following the 1979 Islamic revolution.[14] He and ten other officials of the Shah were executed by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Tehran on 11 April 1979.[15] Shortly before his execution, a written statement of Khalatbari's reports in the court was issued, claiming that the ousted shah had "personally" killed many people.[15]

Honors[edit]

Khalatbari was the recipient of Homayoun First Class and Taj Third Class honors.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Iran Rulers effective 1694 to Date". Peymanmeli. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Foreign ministers E-K". Rulers. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Alidad Mafinezam; Aria Mehrabi (2008). Iran and Its Place Among Nations. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-275-99926-1. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Centers of Power in Iran" (Intelligence Report). CIA. May 1972. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "In Memory of Abbas Ali Khalatbary Foreign Minister of Iran". Sedona. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Law And Human Rights in The Islamic Republic of Iran" (Report). Amnesty International. February 1980. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)". World Statesmen. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Biographical Sketches". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Bob Reinalda; Kent Kille (21 August 2012). "Biographical Dictionary of Secretaries-General of International Organizations" (PDF). IO BIO Database. 
  10. ^ Mahmoud Ghaffari (7 May 2004). "Sense and humor". The Iranian. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Benjamin Beit Hallahmi (1987). The Israeli Connection: Whom Israel Arms and why. I.B.Tauris. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-85043-069-8. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "A chronology of the Iranian Revolution (1978–79)". Derkeiler. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  13. ^ James A. Bill (Winter 1978–79). "Iran and the crisis of '78". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "One person's story. Mr. Abbas Ali Khal'atbari". OMID. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Iran court testimony". The Montreal Gazette. Tehran. UPI. 12 April 1979. Retrieved 25 July 2013.