Abul Fazal (writer)

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Abul Fazal
Born (1903-07-01)July 1, 1903
Keochia, Satkania Upazila, Chittagong District, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died May 4, 1983(1983-05-04) (aged 79)
Chittagong Division, Bangladesh
Nationality Bangladeshi
Education MS (Bengali Literature)
Alma mater
Occupation educationist, writer
Children Abul Momen
Awards Bangla Academy Literary Award

Abul Fazal (July 1, 1903 – May 4, 1983)[1] was a Bangladeshi writer and educationist.[2]

Abul Fazal was a famous Bengali essayist and novelist as well as a Humanist and free-thinker. Fazal was a fearless and socially committed writer, whose works reflect patriotism, secularism, and humanism. He was considered the conscience of the nation in his time. Though primarily a writer, Fazal participated in and led almost all intellectual and civil movements against the Pakistani autocratic regime. At the advent of the Bangladesh movement Fazal became a truly national figure guiding the progressive forces with courage and high morale.In 1967, he strongly protested when the Pakistan government banned tagore songs from radio and television programmes.

Early life and education[edit]

Fazal was born in Chittagong District in 1903. His father, Moulvi Fazlur Rahman, was Imam of Chittagong Jame Masjid.[1] Fazal earned B.A. from Dhaka University.[1] He later passed M.A. in Bengali language and literature from Calcutta University in 1940.[1]


Fazal began his career as an Imam. He taught in multiple schools as a teacher. In 1941 he became a Professor of Krishnanagar College and later of Chittagong College. He was the vice- chancellor of Chittagong University from 1973 to 1975. Later on he was appointed under The Bangladesh Education and Culture ministry. He was the co-founder of Dhaka Muslim Literature Society. He also served as the editor of the newspaper Shiksha.


Abul Fazal wrote in a variety of genres: novels, short stories, plays, memoirs, travels etc. He also wrote about religion. Some of his writings include Matir Prthibi (1940), Bichitra Katha (1940), Rekhachitra (1966) and Durdiner Dinlipi (1972).


  • Chouchir (Splintered, 1934)
  • Prodip O Patongo (Torch and Insects, 1940)
  • Ranga Probhat (The Crimson Dawn, 1957)
  • Khuda O Asha (Hunger and Hope, 1964).


  • Bangla Academy Literary Award (1962)
  • President's National Award (1966)[3]
  • The Adamjee Literary Award (1966)
  • The Nasiruddin Gold Medal (1980)
  • The Muktadhara Literary Award (1981)
  • The Abdul Hai Literary Award (1982)


  1. ^ a b c d Banu, Sayeda (2012). "Fazal, Abul". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Abul Fazal's 30th death anniversary observed". The Daily Star. 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  3. ^ "Abul Fazal's 29th death anniversary". Priyo News. 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-05-06.