Senegalia polyacantha

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Senegalia polyacantha
Acacia polyacantha, habitus, Walter Sisulu NBT.jpg
Acacia polycantha.png
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Senegalia
Species: S. polyacantha
Binomial name
Senegalia polyacantha
(Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger
subspecies
  • Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex. A.Rich.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
  • Senegalia polyacantha subsp. polyacantha (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger
Synonyms[1]
  • Acacia catechu sensu Griseb.
  • Acacia catechu auct. non L.
  • Acacia polyacantha Willd.
  • Acacia suma (Roxb.) Voigt
  • Gagnebina tamariscina sensu Bojer
  • Mimosa suma Roxb.
  • Senegalia suma (Roxb.) Britton & Rose

Senegalia polyacantha, also known as White Thorn is a flowering tree which can grow up to 25m tall. Polyacantha has the meaning "many thorns" in Latin.[2] The tree is native to Africa, India, the Indian Ocean and Asia, but it has also been introduced to the Caribbean.[1]

Uses[edit]

Repellent uses[edit]

The root of Senegalia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha emits chemical compounds that repel animals including rats, snakes and crocodiles.[2]

Gum[edit]

The tree's gum is used in the manufacture of candy.[2]

Medicinal purposes[edit]

S. polycantha's roots and perhaps its bark have medicinal uses. The root extract is useful for snakebites[2] and is applied to wash the skin of children who are agitated at night time.[2] The root is also used for treating gonorrhea,[3] venereal diseases,[4] dysentery[4] and gastrointestinal disorders.[4]

Tannin[edit]

The bark is useful for tanning.[2]

Wood[edit]

The tree's primary use is for wood.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ILDIS LegumeWeb(ILDIS)
  2. ^ a b c d e f PlantzAfrica
  3. ^ van der Maesen, L. J. G.; van der Burgt, X. M.; van Medenbach de Rooy, J. M. (1996). The Biodiversity of African Plants. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 254. ISBN 0792340957. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Uhlig, Siegbert (2003). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: A-C. Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 66. ISBN 3447047461. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  5. ^ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

External links[edit]