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Acacia senegal - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-004.jpg
Senegalia senegal
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Senegalia
Raf. 1838
Type species
Senegalia senegal
(L.) Britton & P. Wilson

202; see text.

World map showing distribution of Senegalia throughout the tropics
The range of the genus Senegalia
  • Acacia subgen. Aculeiferum Vassal sect. Aculeiferum Pedley
  • Austroacacia Mill.
  • Dugandia Britton & Killip 1936
  • Manganaroa Speg. 1921

Senegalia (from Senegal and Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.)[1] is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae. Until 2005, its species were considered members of Acacia.[2][3] The genus is still considered polyphyletic and will require further division.[3][4] Senegalia can be distinguished from other acacias by its spicate inflorescences and non-spinescent stipules.[5]

Species list[edit]

Senegalia comprises the following species:[2][3][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Incertae Sedis[edit]

These species are suspected to belong to Senegalia, but have not been formally transferred.[2][9]


  • Senegalia ×anisophylla (S. Watson) Britton & Rose (Senegalia berlandieri × Senegalia crassifolia)[2]
  • Senegalia ×emoryana (Benth.) Britton & Rose (Senegalia berlandieri × Senegalia greggii)[2]
  • Senegalia ×sororia (Standl.) Britton & Rose (Senegalia berlandieri × Senegalia reniformis)[2]
  • Senegalia ×turneri Seigler, Ebinger & Glass (Senegalia berlandieri × Senegalia wrightii)[9]


1 Senegalia circummarginata is sometimes considered a synonym of Senegalia senegal; see ([3]).
2 Senegalia gageana is sometimes considered a synonym of Senegalia caesia; see ([7]).
3 Senegalia torta is sometimes considered a synonym of Senegalia caesia; see ([7]).


  1. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). R - Z. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 2458. ISBN 9780849326783.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Seigler DS; Ebinger JE; Miller JT. (2006). "The genus Senegalia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) from the New World". Phytologia. 88 (1): 38–93. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.17845.
  3. ^ a b c d Kyalangalilwa B; Boatwright JS; Daru BH; Maurin O; van der Bank M. (2013). "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia". Bot J Linn Soc. 172 (4): 500–523. doi:10.1111/boj.12047.
  4. ^ Miller JT; Seigler D. (2012). "Evolutionary and taxonomic relationships of Acacia s.l. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae)". Aust Syst Bot. 25 (3): 217–224. doi:10.1071/SB11042.
  5. ^ Dyer C. (2014). "New names for the African Acacia species in Vachellia and Senegalia". Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest Science. 76 (4): iii. doi:10.2989/20702620.2014.980090.
  6. ^ Seigler DS; Ebinger JE. (2010). "New Combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae)" (PDF). Phytologia. 92 (1): 92–95.
  7. ^ a b c Maslin BR; Seigler DS; Ebinger J. (2013). "New combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) for Southeast Asia and China". Blumea. 58 (1): 39–44. doi:10.3767/000651913X669914.
  8. ^ Seigler DS; Ebinger J. (2009). "New Combinations in the Genus Senegalia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae)" (PDF). Phytologia. 91 (1): 26–30.
  9. ^ a b c Maslin B. "List of Acacia sensu lato species". World Wide Wattle. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  10. ^ Ali SI. (2014). "The Genus Acacia s.l. in Pakistan" (PDF). Pak J Bot. 46 (1): 1–4.
  11. ^ Boatwright JS, Maurin O, van der Bank M. (2015). "Phylogenetic position of Madagascan species of Acacia s.l. and new combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae, Acacieae)". Bot J Linn Soc. 179 (2): 288–294. doi:10.1111/boj.12320.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  12. ^ Terra V, Pinto Garcia FC. (2016). "A new species of Senegalia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) from the Caatinga Domain, Brazil". Phytotaxa. 288 (2): 181–186. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.288.2.9.
  13. ^ Seigler DS. (2014). "A New Senegalia (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) from Southern Peru". Taxon. 23 (1): 90–93. doi:10.3417/2011100.
  14. ^ Seigler D; Morim MP; Barros MJF; Ebinger JE. (2006). "A new species of Senegalia (Fabaceae) from Brazil". Phytotaxa. 132 (1): 59–63. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.132.1.6.
  15. ^ Glass CE; Seigler DS. (2006). "A New Combination in Senegalia and Typification of Six New World Acacia Names". Taxon. 55 (4): 993–995. doi:10.2307/25065694. JSTOR 25065694.
  16. ^ Hahn N. (2016). "Senegalia montis-salinarum, a new species of Fabaceae: Mimosoideae endemic to the Soutpansberg, South Africa". Phytotaxa. 244 (2): 174–180. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.244.2.5.