Richard Lindner (painter)
November 11, 1901|
|Died||April 16, 1978(aged 76)|
|Education||Kunstgewerbeschule (Arts and Crafts School),
Richard Lindner (November 11, 1901 - April 16, 1978) was a German-American painter.
Richard Lindner was born in Hamburg, Germany. His mother Mina Lindner was American and born in New York as daughter of German parents. In 1905 the family moved to Nuremberg, where Lindners mother was owner of a custom-fitting corset business and Richard Lindner grew up and studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule (Arts and Crafts School since 1940 Academy of Fine Arts). From 1924 to 1927 he lived in Munich and studied there from 1925 at the Kunstakademie. In 1927 he moved to Berlin and stayed there until 1928, when he returned to Munich to become art director of a publishing firm. He remained there until 1933, when he was forced to flee to Paris, where he became politically engaged, sought contact with French artists and earned his living as a commercial artist. He was interned when the war broke out in 1939 and later served in the French Army.
In 1941 he went to the United States and worked in New York City as an illustrator of books and magazines, making contact with New York artists and German emigrants (Albert Einstein, Marlene Dietrich, Saul Steinberg). In 1948 he became an American citizen. From 1952 he taught at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, from 1967 at Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven. In 1957 Lindner got the William and Norma Copley Foundation-Award. In 1965 he became Guest Professor at the Akademie für Bildende Künste, Hamburg. His paintings at this time used the sexual symbolism of advertising and investigated definitions of gender roles in the media. Richard Lindner died in 1978. He was buried at Westchester Hills Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.
"The artistic universe of Richard Lindner is unique: he is highly genuine, he is full of urban energy, and he is driven by weird eroticism...Richard Lindner started his career as an artist eventually at the age of 40 in New York. In this metropolitain jungle Lindner created his oeuvre: exciting and powerful images of robot like figures, amazons and heroines, harlequins of self-styled heroes - his artistic panorama of the unruly 60s and 70s of the 20th century" (sic) (Claus Clement quoted in: Richard Lindner - Paintings, Works on Paper, Graphic - Nuremberg 2001). One of Lindner's paintings, "Boy With Machine," 1954, appears on the cover-leaf of Deleuze's Anti-Oedipus, and thus the image has formed part of many readers' introduction to Deleuze's later and more accessible philosophy.
In Popular Culture
- Richard Linder appeared in the second row on The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover.
- Sidney Tillim, Lindner, London 1961
- Dore Ashton, Richard Lindner, New York, 1969
- Rolf Gunter Dienst, Richard Lindner, New York 1969
- James Lord, Regard vers l'invisible / Looking at the invisible, in: Derrière le miroir, n°226, Paris: Maeght Editeur, December 1977. ISBN 2-85587-038-0 (Text in French and English.)
- Eugène Ionesco, Saul Steinberg, Richard Lindner, in: Derrière le miroir, n°241, Paris: Maeght Editeur, October 1980. ISBN 2-85587-079-8 (Text in French and English.)
- Richard Lindner - Paintings, works on paper, graphic, edited by Klaus D. Bode, Nuremberg 2001, ISBN 3-934065-07-4
- Daniel Marchesseau, Richard Lindner - Adults Only, exhibition catalogue, Musée de la Vie romantique, Paris-Musées, 2005 (ISBN 978-2-87900-870-7)
- Jean-François Lyotard, "Lindner's Crazy Girls", in: Jean-François Lyotard, Miscellaneous Texts II: Contemporary Artists (Leuven University Press, 2012.) ISBN 978-90-586-7886-7