Acronis True Image
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Acronis True Image 2014
|Stable release||2015 build 6525 / November 27, 2014|
|Operating system||Windows XP and later|
|Platform||IA-32 and x86-64|
|Available in||English, French, German, Japanese, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Korean, Chinese Traditional, Chinese Simplified, Polish, Czech, Dutch|
|Type||Disk cloning and backup software|
Acronis True Image (or simply True Image) is a brand name for a line of backup and disk imaging software for Microsoft operating systems, produced by Acronis. Until about 2010 the "True Image" name was used for versions ranging from Home through Enterprise to Corporate; later the business packages, though functionally the same, were renamed, with Backup, Recover, vmProtect, Snap Deploy, etc. being for businesses, and True Image (without qualification) for home users. Much of this article applies also to several versions no longer named "True Image".
As disk imaging software, True Image can restore the previously captured image to another disk, replicating the structure and contents to the new disk, also allowing disk cloning and partition resizing, even if the new disk is of different capacity. The backups are in a proprietary and undocumented file format which uses a .tib filename extension.
Several editions of Acronis True Image are available. Acronis True Image Home is the full-featured edition of the product and the only edition available at retail outlets. Four other editions of True Image are available to original equipment manufacturers under the umbrella title of True Image OEM but each has only a subset of True Image Home features. Finally, Acronis True Image Online is a subscription-based software plus service offering that allows backups to be stored off the user's computers for a monthly fee. It has a Windows software agent of its own but is also integrated with Acronis True Image Home.
True Image can make two types of backup: file backup and disk backup. Apart from being able to back up select groups of files on a disk, it can create system images, exact backups of a disk drive sector by sector. The program can back up a system hard drive while the OS is running.
Backups can be stored on:
- Hard disk drives
- CDs, DVDs and Blu-ray Discs
- Removable media such as Zip drives and Jaz drives
- USB mass-storage devices
- Networked storage devices, FTP servers or a True Image Online account on the Internet
True Image can browse the contents of backups and restore them partially or entirely. It can also mount a disk backup as a virtual disk, thus allowing the user to access them as he would normally do from a real read-only disk.
Although backups can be restored when the system is running, a major purpose of backup is to restore the system when it fails to start. Therefore, True Image can install Acronis Startup Recovery Manager (ASRM), a computer program that helps restore backups at boot time. Additionally, True Image can create a copy of Acronis Rescue Media, a bootable disk that contains a copy of True Image and can restore backups to a computer when the contents of the entire computer are lost.
Supported file systems
In addition to the officially supported filesystems, True Image also provides raw sector backup and restore options for all other filesystems. 'Raw' mode provides support for a file system that is corrupt, or that isn't officially supported, by capturing a complete image of all sectors on the disk. This method results in a larger image file as it isn't able to compress, resize, or selectively restore files on the unrecognized filesystem.
Release notes for many versions list changes. Most releases fix errors, in addition to stated feature changes. Several builds are often released for each version.
|6.0||2002||Supports creation of disk images on recordable DVD media and external USB drives.|
|7.0||2003||Includes a wizard-driven interface. Supports disk cloning that directly duplicates the contents of a hard drive to another.|
|8.0||2004||Supports backing up to a network location and restoring individual files from a disk image.|
|9.0||2005||The last version to supports Windows 98 and Windows ME. Secure Zone allows backing up to a hidden drive partition. Startup Recovery Manager helps restore during boot time without a separate boot disk.|
|10.0||2006||Backs up and restores directly from network shares and FTP servers. Can save archives of Microsoft Outlook and Outlook Express as well as Windows Address Book.|
|11.0||2007||File Shredder helps permanently destroy files. Try&Decide helps set up a sandbox in which untrusted programs can safely run without the risk of permanently changing or damaging the system.|
|2009||2009||One-click Backup backs up a computer using default settings, without asking any question other than backup destination.|
|2010||2010||Supports Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) and Windows 7. Nonstop Backup provides continuous data protection. Online Backup backs up data to an off-site location on the Internet.|
|2011||2010||Supports USB 3.0, integration with Windows 7 and predefined backup schemes.|
|2012||2011||Supports File synchronization, Network-attached storage, Nonstop Backup over network and integrated online backup.|
|2013||2012||Adds mobile access and Windows 8 support (except UEFI Secure Boot)|
|2014||2013||Bug fixes, minor changes. UEFI Secure Boot support was added in this version.|
|2015||2014||Radically changed the UI and removed many features including backup file conversion from the .tib format to .vhd and vice versa, user backup file management (deletion of individual backups when destination media is too full to backup), user-driven consolidation of incremental backups, import and export of backup settings, and the ability to sort backups by date.|
According to Acronis, True Image provides backward compatibility for image files (with the .tib extension) created with a single previous version, that is, images created with an immediate previous version can be successfully restored. Backups are compatible between different editions of True Image within the same version (Home, Enterprise), e.g., between True Image Echo Workstation and True Image Echo Enterprise Server, or between Linux and Windows versions. Compatibility is not guaranteed between products that are not within the same version. Guaranteed cross-version compatibility is documented.
VMware Converter by virtualisation company VMware supports converting .tib files created by Acronis True Image Echo 9.1 and 9.5, and True Image Home 10 and 11 into a virtual machine. However, reports about failure to recognise True Image 2013 .tibs were met with the response "unfortunately VMware Converter doesn't support current Acronis TrueImage versions".
Acronis licenses custom versions of True Image to certain hard disk manufacturers, including Western Digital's Acronis True Image WD Edition and Seagate DiscWizard. Such editions are free to download and use, but only with that manufacturer's hard drives.
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