Aesthetic medicine

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Aesthetic medicine is an inclusive term for specialties that focus on improving cosmetic appearance through the treatment of conditions including scars, skin laxity, wrinkles, moles, liver spots, excess fat, cellulite, unwanted hair, skin discoloration, and spider veins. Traditionally, aesthetic medicine includes dermatology, reconstructive surgery and plastic surgery.[1] Aesthetic medicine includes both surgical procedures (liposuction, facelifts, breast implants, Radio frequency ablation) and non-surgical procedures (radio frequency skin tightening, non surgical liposuction, chemical peel), and practitioners may utilize a combination of both.[2] Although aesthetic medicine procedures are typically elective, they can significantly improve quality of life, psychological wellbeing and social function.[3]

Statistics[edit]

Indications[edit]

Aesthetic medicine specializes in improving cosmetic appearance. It has diverse applications for dermatological and surgical conditions. It includes indications related to minimizing signs of aging such as skin laxity, wrinkles, and liver spots. Aesthetic medicine also plays a role in the treatment of excess fat, cellulite and obesity. Laser based therapies can be indicated for the treatment of scars, unwanted hair, skin discoloration, and spider veins.[13]

It is important that overall health is assessed by a physician to ensure that the symptom being treated (for example, weight gain and excessive hair) is not a sign of an underlying medical condition (like hypothyroidism) that should be stabilized with medical therapies. It is also very important for the medical aesthetician to be inclusive in providing a team approach for minimally invasive facial aesthetic procedures.

Techniques and procedures[edit]

Careers in aesthetic medicine[edit]

A career in aesthetic medicine can be approached from a number of professions. A multidisciplinary or team based approach is often necessary to adequately address an aesthetic need. To perform certain procedures, one must be a surgeon or medical doctor for surgery. However, many of the procedures are routinely performed by trained Medical Aestheticians or facial aesthetic nurse-aestheticians. nurses. For example, Medical Aesthetician can perform progressive chemical peels. Medical Aesthetics requires specialized training and certification beyond a nurse license / aesthetic license. Counselors, psychologists or psychiatrists can help people determine if their reasons for pursuing aesthetic procedures are healthy and help to identify body image disorders such as compulsive eating, anorexia, and body dysmorphic disorder. Reconstructive surgeons can help correct appearance after accidents, burns, surgery for cancer (such as breast reconstruction after mastectomy for cancer), or for congenital deformities like correction of cleft lip. Orthodontists work to improve alignment of teeth, often partially for aesthetic reasons, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons can correct deformities of the mouth and jaw. Both orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons can be assisted by dental technicians. Aesthetic Medicine is often a subset of other practices of medicine, for example a family physician who is board certified by the (AAFP) American Academy of Family Physicians, may also offer aesthetic medicine treatments. Often physicians such as these will join multi-specialty associations, like the IAPAM (International Association for Physicians in Aesthetic Medicine) or ASLMS (American Society for Laser Medicine & Surgery) to further their education.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is Aesthetic Medicine?", American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine 
  2. ^ International Association for Physicians in Aesthetic Medicine, IAPAM.
  3. ^ Honigman, Roberta J.; Katharine A. Phillips, David J. Castle (2004-04-01). "A review of psychosocial outcomes for patients seeking cosmetic surgery". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 113 (4): 1229–1237. ISSN 0032-1052. PMC 1762095Freely accessible. PMID 15083026. doi:10.1097/01.prs.0000110214.88868.ca. 
  4. ^ Statistics on Cosmetic Procedures Worldwide (PDF) (Report). International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2014. 
  5. ^ Statistics on Cosmetic Procedures Worldwide (PDF) (Report). International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2015. 
  6. ^ Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics (Report). The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2013. 
  7. ^ Britain sucks (Report). London, UK: The British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons. 2014. 
  8. ^ Review of the Regulation of Cosmetic Interventions (PDF) (Report). UK Department of Health. 2013. 
  9. ^ Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics (Report). The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2013. 
  10. ^ Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank Statistics (Report). The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2013. 
  11. ^ "Best Korean Plastic Surgery". Best Korean Plastic Surgery - Guide to Information and Facts. December 27, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  12. ^ ISAPS (July 8, 2015). "ISAPS International Survey on Aesthetic/Cosmetic" (PDF). ISAPS. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ Medical Aesthetics Clinical Skin Protocols 2014