Aimo Cajander

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Aimo Cajander
Aimo Cajander.png
Prime Minister of Finland
In office
2 June 1922 – 14 November 1922
President Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
Preceded by Juho Vennola
Succeeded by Kyösti Kallio
In office
18 January 1924 – 31 May 1924
President Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
Preceded by Kyösti Kallio
Succeeded by Lauri Ingman
In office
12 March 1937 – 1 December 1939
President Kyösti Kallio
Preceded by Kyösti Kallio
Succeeded by Risto Ryti
Personal details
Born 4 April 1879 (1879-04-04)
Uusikaupunki
Died 21 January 1943(1943-01-21) (aged 63)
Political party National Progressive Party

Aimo Kaarlo Cajander (4 April 1879 in Uusikaupunki – 21 January 1943 in Helsinki) was, outside of botany,[1] best known as Prime Minister of Finland up to the Winter War.[2]

He was a professor of Forestry 1911–34; director-general for Finland's Forest and Park Service 1934–1943; prime minister in 1922, 1924, and 1937–1939; chairman of the National Progressive Party 1933–1943; and Member of Parliament.

Forest researcher Cajander came to politics in 1922 when president Ståhlberg asked him to take office of prime minister. He had not earlier participated actively in politics. Ståhlberg invited him as prime minister second time in January 1924. Cajander's short-lived cabinets were merely caretakers before parliamentary elections.

Cajander joined in 1927 National Progressive Party and in 1928 he was chosen as minister of defence. Cajander was elected to the Parliament in 1929. When Kyösti Kallio was elected President in 1937, Cajander was asked as the chairman of the National Progressive Party to form majority government. Cajander formed a coalition government of the two largest parties in the parliament - Social Democrats and Agrarian League. Cajander was idealist who did not believe yet in August 1939 that Soviet Union would attack Finland. Partly for this reason the Finnish Army was forced to the fight inadequately equipped.

Cajander's name is remembered for "Model Cajander", the fashion of many Finnish soldiers in Winter War: the army was poorly equipped, so conscripts were given a utility belt, an emblem to be attached to the hat — to comply with the Hague Conventions — and, hopefully, a rifle. Otherwise, they had to use their own clothes and equipment.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cajander's Theory of Forest Types Barrington Moore - Ecology: Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 135–137.
  2. ^ "Ministerikortisto". Valtioneuvosto. 
  3. ^ "Author Query for 'Cajander'". International Plant Names Index. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Juho Vennola
Prime Minister of Finland
1922
Succeeded by
Kyösti Kallio
Preceded by
Kyösti Kallio
Prime Minister of Finland
1924
Succeeded by
Lauri Ingman
Preceded by
Kyösti Kallio
Prime Minister of Finland
1937–1939
Succeeded by
Risto Ryti