kalainen( Before 1800)
Market place with the New Church in the background
Location of Uusikaupunki in Finland
|• Town manager||Atso Vainio|
|• Town||502.49 km2 (194.01 sq mi)|
|• Land||502.61 km2 (194.06 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,430.07 km2 (552.15 sq mi)|
|• Metro||502.49 km2 (194.01 sq mi)|
|Area rank||173rd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||74th largest in Finland|
|• Density||30.78/km2 (79.7/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98.8% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.5%|
|• 15 to 64||66.3%|
|• 65 or older||19.3%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||20.25%|
It is located in the Southwest Finland region. The municipality has a population of 15,469 (31 March 2016) and covers an area of 551.65 square kilometres (212.99 sq mi) of which 49.04 km2 (18.93 sq mi) is inland water. The population density is 30.78 inhabitants per square kilometre (79.7/sq mi).
The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Both its Finnish and Swedish names mean literally "new town". The original name of the main village that was incorporated into Uusikaupunki was Kalainen (which is a Finnish adjective meaning "having plenty of fish"). The village of Kalainen originated as a market place for the people of Vakka-Suomi.
The town of Uusikaupunki was founded as a town with the rights of commerce in 1617 by decree by Gustav II Adolf. In 1721, the Peace of Nystad was signed in Uusikaupunki, ending the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia. Up to the 19th century it was an important port for commerce and fishing, and up to the latter half of the 20th century it still retained an important ship building industry.
Uusikaupunki is the home of Valmet Automotive, a contract automobile mechanical production company, producing cars and vehicles for other manufacturers. It was founded in 1968 as Saab-Valmet for manufacturing Saab cars. As of June, 2017, Valmet is assembling Mercedes-Benz A-Class and Mercedes-Benz GLC-Class cars.
The results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Uusikaupunki were:
- Social Democratic Party 26.6%
- True Finns 23.4%
- National Coalition Party 19.6%
- Centre Party 13.1%
- Left Alliance 8.1%
- Christian Democrats 4.2%
- Green League 2.3%
- Communist Party of Finland 0.7%
- Swedish People's Party 0.6%
- Aimo Cajander, Prime Minister of Finland (1922, 1924, 1937–39)
- Bernhard Henrik Crusell, virtuoso clarinetist and composer
- Robert Wilhelm Ekman, painter
- Anna Eriksson, singer
- Joni Haverinen (born 1987), SM-liiga ice hockey player
- Gordon Herbert, basketball coach and former player
- Eetu Koski (born 1992), SM-liiga ice hockey player
- Gerald Lee Sr., former basketball player
- Gerald Lee Jr., basketball player
- Aleksi Lehtonen, Archbishop of Finland (1945–1951)
- Ilmari Saarelainen, actor
- Martti Simojoki, Archbishop of Finland (1964–78)
- Kari Takko, hockey goaltender
Points of interests
Twin towns – Sister cities
Uusikaupunki is twinned with:
- Antsla, Estonia
- Haderslev, Denmark
- Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia
- Sandefjord, Norway
- Szentendre, Hungary
- Varberg, Sweden
- "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Bonk Museum.
- "Antsla valla arengukava 2003–2012" (in Estonian). Antsla vald. p. 81. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
Media related to Uusikaupunki at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Uusikaupunki.|
- Town of Uusikaupunki – Official site