Al Seckel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Al Seckel
Seckel in 2009
Alfred Paul Seckel

(1958-09-03)September 3, 1958
Died2015 (aged 56)
EducationCornell University, no degree
Occupation(s)Writer, scientific skeptic
Known forPopularizer of optical illusions
Laura Mullen
(m. 1980, divorced)
(m. 2004, separated)
Alice Klarke
(until 2007)
PartnersIsabel Maxwell
(2007–2015; his death)

Alfred Paul "Al" Seckel (September 3, 1958 – 2015) was an American collector and popularizer of visual and other types of sensory illusions, who wrote books about them. Active in the Freethought movement as a skeptic in the 1980s, he was the co-founder[1] and executive director of the Southern California Skeptics.[2] News coverage arising from his connection to Jeffrey Epstein has stressed Seckel's misrepresentation of his education and credentials.[3]

Early life[edit]

Seckel was born September 3, 1958, in New York City, New York to Paul Bernard Seckel, a German-born painter and graphic artist, and Ruth Schonthal, a German-born pianist and classical composer. His mother was a refugee from the Nazis. Seckel was raised in a Jewish household. He grew up in New Rochelle, NY with his two brothers. Seckel graduated from New Rochelle High School in 1976. He attended Cornell University from 1976 to 1978 but left without receiving a degree.[4]

In 1981, Seckel moved to the Los Angeles metropolitan area, where he lived for nearly thirty years.[4]


Freethought movement[edit]

Throughout the 1980s, Seckel was active in the Freethought movement and generated a number of articles and pamphlets. He also edited two books on the English rationalist philosopher Bertrand Russell. In 1983, Seckel and John Edwards co-created the Darwin fish design, which was first sold as a bumper sticker and on T-shirts in 1983–84 by a southern California group called Atheists United.[5] Chris Gilman, a Hollywood prop maker, began to manufacture plastic car ornaments with the Darwin fish in 1990, and licensed the design to Evolution Design of Austin, Texas.[6] When the emblem evolved into a million-dollar business, Evolution Design threatened to sue distributors of look-alike and derivative products. Seckel in turn sued Evolution Design for copyright infringement. Although Seckel produced examples of the design that predated Gilman's 1990 copyright date, the suit was settled when it was determined that Seckel and Edwards had allowed the design to fall into public domain.[5]

In 1984, Seckel started the Southern California Skeptics (SCS) and became a spokesperson for science and its relationship to the paranormal.[7] SCS co-sponsored and produced a monthly series of lectures, primarily held at the California Institute of Technology, with other meetings occasionally held on the campus of Cal State Fullerton, that explained alleged paranormal phenomena such as extra-sensory perception and firewalking.[8][9][10] Seckel was the founder and executive diretor of SCS.[2] An article published in New Scientist in 1985 states that the Southern California Skeptics were "the fastest growing chapter of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP)".[11] Author George P. Hansen, in an article published in 1992, stated that incidents involving Seckel had embarrassed CSICOP because "he did not hold the academic credentials he claimed."[12]

The Southern California Skeptics dissolved after the late 1980s. In 1991, Michael Shermer and Pat Linse co-founded a new Los Angeles-area skeptical group called The Skeptics Society[13][14] after the Southern California Skeptics had disbanded.[15][16][17]

Visual illusions[edit]

Seckel was "a leading collector and popularizer" of optical illusions.[4]

In 1994, he created an interactive website on illusions.[18][19] He also developed visual illusion installations for museums.[20]

Seckel's books about optical illusions include several picture books for children such as Ambiguous Illusions (2005), Action Optical Illusions (2005) and Stereo Optical Illusions (2006).

His book, Masters of Deception: Escher, Dali, and the Artists of Optical Illusion (2004), collects the work of many visual illusion artists, including among others Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1527–1593), Salvador Dalí (1904–1989), M. C. Escher (1898–1972), and Rex Whistler (1905–1944). His book The Art of Optical Illusions placed first on the American Library Association's "Top 10 Quick Picks for Reluctant Young Adult Readers" list for 2001.[21]

He gave many lectures about such illusions, including an early TED talk (2004) and a talk at the World Economic Forum, Davos in 2011.[4]

Other activities[edit]

Rare book investment and sales[edit]

During the late 1990s, Seckel collected the papers of a number of early molecular biologists (including Rosalind Franklin, Aaron Klug, Max Perutz, Rollin Hotchkiss, and Sven Furberg) for rare-book dealer Jeremy Norman.[22][23] At the time they were collected, the market value of the archive was unknown as many institutions did not have an interest in keeping the archives of scientists.[24] After the Wellcome Trust purchased the papers of Francis Crick in 2001 for $2.4 million, Norman pursued individual sale of the items in his collection through Christie's.[24] A lawsuit prevented the individual sale of the items by Norman.[22] Seckel and Norman had a falling out.[25] According to Seckel, the sale was canceled due to his extensive documentation that was brought to the attention of Christie's.[26] Although former colleagues and associates of James Watson and Crick attempted to raise the asking price of $3.2 million in an effort to have the collection donated to the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, the collection was eventually acquired by molecular biologist J. Craig Venter, with the stated aim of keeping the critical resource available to scholars by housing it at the J. Craig Venter Institute.[24]

Lawsuits and disputes[edit]

Seckel was sued on several occasions after disputes over rare-book investment and sales.[4][27]

In a San Diego Reader article from 1994, Tom McIver (author of Anti-Evolution: An Annotated Bibliography) accused Seckel of failing to disclose financial information as leader of the Southern California Skeptics and misrepresenting his academic credentials.[28] Seckel later sued McIver for libel over edits to his Wikipedia page. The suit was settled in 2007 under undisclosed terms.[4]

A 2015 profile of Seckel in Tablet Magazine by Mark Oppenheimer detailed several first-person accounts from individuals who reported that Seckel still owed them money including the widow of one of his mentors, his lawyer, a graduate student, and those who had engaged in rare book deals. The article stated that there were at least 25 cases involving Seckel from 1992 to 2015 in the Los Angeles Superior Court database.[4] Oppenheimer reported that Seckel cultivated a false image, both with personal contacts and within the media, of himself as a graduate from Cornell with degrees in physics and math, as an affiliate of and candidate for doctoral degrees at Caltech, and as a scientist conducting research in conjunction with colleagues at Harvard University. Some of these inaccuracies were published in media coverage of Seckel, including in the Los Angeles Times in 1985[9] and 1987.[4][10]

Seckel was later accused of absconding with over $500,000.[29]

Collaboration with Jeffrey Epstein[edit]

In 2009, Seckel was involved in organizing a science conference with financier and convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. The Mindshift conference took place in early 2011 on Epstein's private island Little Saint James.[30][31] In attendance were scientists Murray Gell-Mann, Leonard Mlodinow, Gerald Sussman,[27] and Frances Arnold,[31] in addition to the actor and cryptocurrency proponent Brock Pierce.[30][31]

An interview between Jeffrey Epstein and Al Seckel discussing perception appeared on Epstein's science website on October 17, 2010.[32]

Personal life[edit]

Seckel married Laura Mullen in 1980; their daughter Elizabeth was born in 1987. Mullen and Seckel later divorced. His second marriage was to Denice D. Lewis in 2004 in Las Vegas, Nevada: it was never annulled.[4] Seckel married for a third time to Alice Klarke; the union was dissolved in 2007. Seckel became involved with Isabel Maxwell from 2007 until his death in France in 2015.[4]

From approximately 2010 until 2015, Seckel lived in France.[4][30] Seckel's body was reportedly found at the bottom of a cliff in July 2015 in France.[30][33] As of September 2021,[30] his death remained unconfirmed by French authorities.[1][33][30]


  • Science and the Paranormal. SCS Publishing (1987)
  • Bertrand Russell on God and Religion. (Seckel, editor), Prometheus Books (1986) ISBN 0-87975-323-4
  • Bertrand Russell on Sex, Marriage, and Morals. (Seckel, editor), Prometheus Books (1987) ISBN 0-87975-400-1
  • The Art of Optical Illusions. Carlton Books (2000) ISBN 1-84222-054-3
  • Great Book of Optical Illusions. Firefly Books (2004) ISBN 1-55297-650-5
  • Masters of Deception: Escher, Dali, and the Artists of Optical Illusion. Sterling Books (2004) ISBN 1-4027-0577-8
  • Incredible Visual Illusions. (with Rebecca Panayiotou and Tessa Rose, editors), Arcturus Books (2005) ISBN 1-84193-197-7
  • Action Optical Illusions. Sterling Books (2005) ISBN 1-4027-1828-4
  • Impossible Optical Illusions. Sterling Books (2005) ISBN 1-4027-1830-6
  • Stereo Optical Illusions. Sterling Books (2006) ISBN 1-4027-1833-0
  • Optical Illusions: The Science of Visual Perception. Firefly Books (2006) ISBN 1-55407-172-0


  1. ^ a b Read, Bridget (August 21, 2019), "The Epstein Case: Ghislaine Maxwell's Twin Sisters Have Their Own Wild Stories", New York Magazine: The Cut, archived from the original on July 9, 2020, retrieved November 5, 2020
  2. ^ a b Stewart, Doug (November 1986). "Wheels go round and round, but always run down". Smithsonian. 17: 193+ – via Gale General OneFile.
  3. ^ Armstrong, Stephen (December 30, 2021). "The stranger-than-fiction history of the Maxwell madhouse". The Telegraph. Retrieved April 16, 2022. . . . Epstein's Mindshift conference – a TED Talk rival co-founded with Al Seckel. As befits a suitor for arguably the strangest family in the world, Seckel socialised with the likes of Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman, Elon Musk and Dudley Moore, and convinced many people that he was a cognitive neuroscientist with ties to Cal Tech. In fact, he was a top-notch charlatan who had failed to graduate from college – but he delighted in delivering TED Talks and publishing books on the science of visual illusions.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Oppenheimer, Mark (July 20, 2015). "The Illusionist". Tablet (magazine). Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Lubman, Sarah (December 21, 1995). "Which came first? Copyright battle brewing over evolution of Darwin fish". The Free Lance-Star. Knight-Ridder News Service. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  6. ^ Berta Delgado (March 15, 1998). "Filleting their foes through a fish". The Record (Bergen County, NJ). p. L05. (originally published in the Dallas Morning News)
  7. ^ Rheinhold, Robert (April 8, 1988). "Winning the West from Nostradamus". The New York Times. p. A14. Retrieved July 3, 2020. Note: This article inaccurately states that Seckel was a physicist.
  8. ^ CSICOP in China, The Skeptical Inquirer, vol. 12 no. 4, Summer, 1988; p. 346.
  9. ^ a b Baker, Bob (April 21, 1985). "A Skeptical View: Doubting Academics Waging a Flamboyant Battle to Debunk Society's Fascination With Popular Theories". Los Angeles Times. p. A3. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  10. ^ a b Newton, Edmund (January 4, 1987). "No Doubt About It--The Skeptics Put On Good Show". Los Angeles Times. p. 1. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  11. ^ "Feedback in Los Angeles". New Scientist. Vol. 106, no. 1459. Reed Business Information. June 6, 1985. p. 28. ISSN 0262-4079. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  12. ^ Hansen, George P. (January 1992). "CSICOP and the Skeptics: An Overview". The Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 86: 39. Retrieved August 5, 2019. Incidents involving Al Seckel have also proved embarrassing for CSICOP. Seckel was an official and active member of the Committee and a founder of the Southern California Skeptics. After years of high profile activity, it was discovered that he did not hold the academic credentials he claimed. Ironically, the Committee had previously prided itself on exposing hoaxers and con artists, but CSICOP has made no public comment on the Seckel affair.
  13. ^ Ibold, Hans (November 13, 2000). "L.A.'s Own Ghostbuster". Los Angeles Business Journal. 22 (46). Pat Linse, co-founder of the Skeptic Society in Pasadena.
  14. ^ Loxton, Daniel (November 2009). "The Paradoxical Future of Skepticism". Skeptical Inquirer. Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. 33 (6).
  15. ^ Shermer, Michael (June 22, 2021). "All Our Yesterdays: A Remembrance of Pat Linse". Skeptic (Altadena, CA). 26 (3): 64–71.
  16. ^ Smith, Scott S. (April 2000). "Schism in the Church of the Left Brain" (PDF). Fate. pp. 36–37. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 8, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
  17. ^ Shermer, Michael (June 2000). "Letter in response to Schism in the Church of the Left Brain" (PDF). Fate. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 8, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
  18. ^ Voss, David. "Seeing is believing." Science. (1997) Vol. 275, p. 792.
  19. ^ O'Connell, Pamela Licalzi (April 16, 1998). "Screen Grab; See the Spiral Spin, See Your Skin Crawl!". New York Times. p. G10. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  20. ^ Kaiser, Jocelyn (1998). "Eye twisters". Science. 280: 1163. doi:10.1126/science.280.5367.1163c. S2CID 220089708 – via Gale Academic OneFile. Al Seckel, vice president of a company called IllusionWorks LLC that produces exhibits for museums
  21. ^ "YALSA announces Quick Picks for Reluctant Young Adult Readers" (January 2001). American Library Association Press Release.
  22. ^ a b Zinder, Norton; Roberts, Richard J. (January 28, 2005). "Preserving an important collection". Science. 307 (5709): 519. doi:10.1126/science.307.5709.519a. PMID 15681368. S2CID 30534232 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  23. ^ Dalton, Rex (June 14, 2001). "The History Man". Nature. Nature Publishing Group.
  24. ^ a b c Nicholas Wade (August 10, 2005). "Picassos? Warhols? No, This Multimillion-Dollar Collection Stars the Science of DNA". The New York Times. p. A1. After the Crick papers passed out of reach, Mr. Norman decided to put the collection up for auction at Christie's. According to an article in Nature in 2003, Mr. Seckel objected to the sale, saying he had promised the sellers that their collections of papers would not be broken up, and said he would go to court if necessary to block the proceedings.
  25. ^ Pincock, Stephen (2005). "Venter buys history". The Scientist. 19: 12 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  26. ^ Dalton, Rex (March 13, 2003). "Auction of DNA archive cancelled". Nature. 422 (6928): 102. Bibcode:2003Natur.422..102D. doi:10.1038/422102b. PMID 12634743. S2CID 52817212 – via Gale Academic OneFile.
  27. ^ a b Patterson, James; Connolly, John; Malloy, Tim (2016). Filthy Rich. New York: Little Brown and Company. pp. 233–236. ISBN 9780316274050.
  28. ^ McIver, Tom (November 3, 1994). "Evolution debate on full display – Creation Museum in Santee, A little bit east of Eden". San Diego Reader. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  29. ^ Cawthorne, Nigel (December 10, 2021). "Ghislaine Maxwell's former famous friends are conspicuously absent - but her family has rallied". Retrieved April 17, 2022.
  30. ^ a b c d e f Masters, Kim (September 18, 2019). "The Strange Saga of Jeffrey Epstein's Link to a Child Star Turned Cryptocurrency Mogul". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  31. ^ a b c Edwards, Bradley J. (2020). Relentless Pursuit: My Fight for the Victims of Jeffrey Epstein. Simon and Schuster. pp. 160–163. ISBN 9781982148133.
  32. ^ "Jeffrey Epstein Talks Perception with Al Seckel". Jeffrey Epstein Science. October 17, 2010. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  33. ^ a b Kennedy, Dana (August 18, 2019). "Jeffrey Epstein 'Friend' Ghislaine Maxwell Has More Skeletons in Her Family Closet Than a House of Horrors". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 27, 2021.