Brock Pierce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Brock Pierce
Brock Pierce in Midway, Utah, in 2018.jpg
Brock Pierce in 2018
Born (1980-11-14) November 14, 1980 (age 40)
Minnesota, U.S.
CitizenshipUnited States
OccupationEntrepreneur
Director of the Bitcoin Foundation
Former child actor
Years activeActing: 1992–1997
Business: 1999–present
OrganizationBitcoin Foundation
Known forThe Mighty Ducks, D2: The Mighty Ducks, First Kid,
Bitcoin, Blockchain and cryptocurrency work
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Crystal Rose[1]
WebsiteCampaign website

Brock Jeffrey Pierce (born November 14, 1980) is an American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and former actor known for his work in the cryptocurrency industry. As a child actor, he was in Disney films The Mighty Ducks (1992), D2: The Mighty Ducks (1994), and First Kid (1996). He was an independent candidate in the 2020 United States presidential election.[2]

Acting career[edit]

Pierce was born in Minnesota and appeared in commercials as a toddler.[3] His first major role was playing a young Gordon Bombay in The Mighty Ducks (1992). Pierce reprised the role in D2: The Mighty Ducks. He starred as Luke Davenport in First Kid (1996). Pierce had small roles in Little Big League (1994), Ripper Man (1995), Problem Child 3: Junior in Love (1995), Three Wishes (1995), Earth Minus Zero (1996), and The Ride (1997).

Business career[edit]

Digital Entertainment Network[edit]

Pierce retired from acting at 17 and joined as a minor partner with Marc Collins-Rector and Chad Schackley in establishing Digital Entertainment Network (DEN), which succeeded in raising $88 million in venture capital.[4] DEN's goal was to deliver original episodic video content over the Internet aimed at niche audiences.[5] DEN was one of a crop of dot-com startups that focused on the creation and delivery of original video content online in the late 1990s[6] prior to the wide adoption of broadband internet access. Pierce produced its first show, a pilot for gay teenagers called Chad's World.[7] As an 18-year-old, Pierce was making $250,000 a year and held 1% of the company's shares.[8]

DEN was slated for a US$75 million IPO in October 1999, but the IPO was withdrawn in the wake of allegations of sexual assault against Collins-Rector. All three executives subsequently resigned. Layoffs followed in February 2000. While a new executive team led by former Capitol Records President Gary Gersh and former Microsoft executive Greg Carpenter tried to salvage the company and relaunch in May 2000, DEN filed for bankruptcy and shut down in June 2000.[9][10]

Child sexual abuse allegations[edit]

In 2000, three former DEN employees filed a lawsuit against the founder of DEN, and also named Pierce as a defendant, alleging that they provided the plaintiffs with drugs and pressured them for sex when Pierce and one of the plaintiffs were still teenagers.[11][12][13][14] The three plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed all charges against Pierce without receiving any compensation.[15] Court records show that Pierce paid $21,600 to one of the plaintiff's attorneys because said attorney refused to file the order of dismissal requested by his client until the attorney's expenses were reimbursed.[16] None of the accusations against Pierce has ever been corroborated, and the primary plaintiff has been convicted of fraud and has admitted to filing false lawsuits in other sexual abuse cases.[12][17][18][19] Allegations were repeated in the documentary An Open Secret about Pierce and convicted sex offender (and DEN co-founder) Marc Collins-Rector.[20]

Bitcoin and cryptocurrency[edit]

In 2013, Pierce joined brothers Bart and Bradford Stephens in founding venture capital firm Blockchain Capital (BCC) which was reported to have raised $85 million in two venture funds by October 2017.[21] Blockchain Capital raised a third fund using digital security offering on the blockchain, one of the first traded security tokens.[22][23]

Pierce worked with Mastercoin, a startup that raised capital via an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) in 2013. According to Bloomberg, this “kicked off a worldwide ICO craze, with hundreds of startups raising billions of dollars”.[24]

In March 2014, Pierce and a group of investors filed an offer to purchase the assets of Mt Gox using a Cypriot entity called Sunlot Holdings Ltd. The month before, Mt Gox had shut down operations and filed for bankruptcy in Tokyo after announcing that it had lost 850,000 Bitcoin.[25][26]

Pierce was elected Director of the Bitcoin Foundation in May 2014.[14][27] Several members of the Bitcoin Foundation resigned over concerns about the directors.[28] The organization announced its insolvency in July 2015.[29]

In 2015, Pierce served as a technical consultant for an episode of Silicon Valley.[citation needed]

Pierce speaking at the SingularityU summit in 2016

In a February 2018 issue of Forbes magazine Pierce was named in the "top 20 wealthiest people in crypto" with an estimated net worth between $700 million and $1.1 billion.[30]

Pierce was a co-founder of the cryptocurrency Tether with Reeve Collins and Craig Sellars in 2014.[31] Tether surpassed Bitcoin in trading volume with the highest daily and monthly trading volume of any cryptocurrency on the market in 2019.[32] Tether is a so-called stablecoin because it maintains $1 dollar in reserves for each tether issued.[32] In 2020, a court permitted the Attorney General of New York to pursue a claim that Bitfinex, an affiliated exchange, did not disclose the loss of commingled funds.[24] In an interview in July 2020, Pierce said his involvement in Tether ended in 2015 but described Tether as "one of the most important innovations in currency."[24]

Pierce was a co-founder of Block.one, which released EOS.IO software.[24] The ICO raised more than $4 billion, the largest in history.[24] By March 2018, Pierce's role at Block.one had changed to chief strategy officer and he resigned from the company that month to pursue community building.[13]

Internet Gaming Entertainment[edit]

In 2001, Pierce founded Internet Gaming Entertainment (IGE), a company that pioneered the MMORPG currency-selling services industry.[33] Between 2004 and 2005, IGE spent more than $25 million buying out seven smaller competitors, including four auction platforms and a number of fan and content sites.[34] In 2005, Pierce estimated that IGE accounted for about 50% of this online market in the U.S., which has about $500 million in annual volume.[34][35]

Pierce brought in Steve Bannon, formerly of Goldman Sachs and Breitbart News, to seek venture capital and a deal was made in February 2006 yielding $60 million of which Pierce took away $20 million for a minority stake. The next year, facing a class-action lawsuit, the company failed, had no assets and, Pierce was forced out.[36]

Pierce founded ZAM, a network of websites oriented around massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG), such as World of Warcraft, Star Wars: The Old Republic, Rift, EverQuest, etc., in 2003.[37] The ZAM.com network included gaming websites such as ZAM.com, Wowhead, Thottbot, Torhead, and D3DB.

Titan Gaming/Playsino[edit]

In 2010, Titan Gaming recruited Pierce to sit on its board along with EA Executive Keith McCurdy.[38] Pierce joined other Southern California angel investors, including MP3.com's Michael Robertson, SOA Software's Eric Pulier and William Quigley, and Jim Armstrong of Clearstone Ventures.[39] Also that year, Titan Gaming purchased the rising online gaming network Xfire from Viacom.[40] In October 2011, after Xfire received over $4 million in fresh funding from Intel Capital, Titan Gaming and Xfire cut ties and went their own ways. Titan Gaming and Xfire now operate independently.[41] In late April 2012, Titan Gaming announced that it would be rebranded as Playsino to embark in a complete makeover, with Pierce as the new CEO and $1.5 million of new funding.[citation needed]

As of 2013, Pierce was managing director of the Clearstone Global Gaming Fund a board member of IMI Exchange (a remnant of the IGE restructuring), Xfire, Playsino (having been replaced as CEO in 2013), GoCoin, FGL, Spicy Horse Games, KnCMiner.cn and the Mastercoin Foundation. He was also a member investor of Bit Angels and an investor in BTC China.[42]

Pierce has been a guest speaker at the Milken Global Conference,[43] Singularity University,[44] and Caltech.[42]

Philanthropy[edit]

Pierce founded several charity organizations, including the Brock Pierce Foundation and the Integro Foundation.[45][46]

In 2018, Pierce moved to Puerto Rico and based his operations in a hotel called the Monastery in Old San Juan.[47] It subsequently became an event and community center for the growing blockchain community on the island.[11] After the damage from Hurricane Maria in 2017, Pierce started a conference called Restart Week to encourage entrepreneurs to give back to the community through innovation and philanthropy in different regions of the island.[48] Some residents have questioned how much local business has benefited from the tax incentives meant to kickstart the economy.[47] Pierce is also the chairman of the Integro Foundation which helped raise $1 million for KN-95 masks in April 2020.[49][50]

Political career[edit]

2020 presidential campaign[edit]

On July 5, 2020, Pierce announced his candidacy for President of the United States in the 2020 election as an Independent. The campaign filed registration documents with the FEC on July 7.[51] Pierce based his campaign around his background as an entrepreneur,[2] and his running mate is Karla Ballard, a fellow entrepreneur.[52][53] Pierce gained ballot access in Oklahoma on July 15,[54] in Arkansas on August 12,[52] Colorado on August 19.[53] and was nominated by the New York Independence Party on August 24.[55] Pierce was endorsed by venture capitalist and Bitcoin advocate Tim Draper.[56] Pierce was also backed up by singer and entrepreneur Akon, who managed his presidential campaign as chief strategist.[57] Pierce received just 0.03% of the votes in the election.[58] On September 14, he announced that he would form a new party and run candidates in 2022.[59][60] Jesse Ventura, former Minnesota governor, mayor, actor, and professional wrestler, also endorsed Pierce.[61]

Campaign headquarters, New York City

Pierce proposed "America 2.0", with a government that embraces technology,[62] and believes technology is the biggest issue for the United States' future.[63] Pierce has said that he would institute a universal basic income,[64] which could be enabled by digital currencies.[65] He also supports a single-payer health-care system and the legalization of marijuana.[66] Stating that the war on drugs has failed, he advocates ending federal enforcement and to pardon and expunge all non-violent cannabis crimes.[67] Pierce has criticized the two-party system and has stated that he intends to start a major third party.[68]

The Free & Equal Elections Foundation hosted the Second Open Presidential Debate on October 8, 2020, in Denver, Colorado, with participation limited to candidates on the ballot in at least eight states.[69] Participants in the debate included Pierce alongside Howie Hawkins of the Green Party, Brian Carroll of the American Solidarity Party, Don Blankenship of the Constitution Party; and Gloria La Riva of the Party for Socialism & Liberation.[70]

In Casper, Wyoming, Pierce announced the Independent National Convention, to be held in Cheyenne, Wyoming on October 23–24, 2020. Pierce said the convention would include minor, third-party candidates to share their message.[71] Pierce invited independent candidate Kanye West to attend the convention along with five other confirmed independent candidates.[72] Pierce is the only independent candidate to appear on the Wyoming ballot.[73]

On October 13, 2020, Pierce became the first presidential candidate in U.S. history to receive a vote through an app on a personal mobile phone using blockchain technology, in Utah County using the Voatz app.[74]

He received the endorsement of the Independence Party of New York[75] and the Independent Party of Florida.[76]

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Crystal Rose, CEO of Sensay.[77]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1992 The Mighty Ducks Gordon, age 10
1994 D2: The Mighty Ducks Young Gordon
1994 Little Big League Sidney
1995 Ripper Man Kevin
1995 Problem Child 3: Junior in Love Duke TV movie
1995 Three Wishes Scott
1996 First Kid Luke Davenport
1996 Earth Minus Zero Joey Heller
1997 Two Small Voices Brad TV movie
1997 The Ride Danny O'Neil
1997 Legend of the Lost Tomb John Robie TV movie
2014 An Open Secret Himself Documentary; archive footage
2015 Play Money Himself Documentary
2020 Landfall Himself Documentary

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brock Pierce: The Hippie King of Cryptocurrency". July 26, 2018.
  2. ^ a b Pasquini, Maria (July 6, 2020). "Brock Pierce, Former Child Actor and Cryptocurrency Entrepreneur, Announces 2020 Presidential Run". People. Archived from the original on July 7, 2020. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  3. ^ Dibbell, Julian (November 24, 2008). "The Decline and Fall of an Ultra-Rich Online Gaming Empire". Wired. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
  4. ^ "DEN Teaser". Archived from the original on March 13, 2014.
  5. ^ KAPLAN, KAREN; HUFFSTUTTER, P. J. (April 5, 1999). "Viewing TV-Style Programs in the DEN". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on May 28, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  6. ^ KAPLAN, KAREN (October 7, 1999). "Coming Soon to a Monitor Near You". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  7. ^ Menn, Joseph (May 18, 2000). "Web Pioneer DEN Lacks Cash, Is Closing Down". LA Times. Archived from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  8. ^ Grover, Ronald (November 15, 1999). "Digital Entertainment Network: Startup or Non-Starter?". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  9. ^ Rice, Andrew (November 1, 1999). "DEN Board Asked Founder to Leave". Wired. Archived from the original on January 3, 2018. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  10. ^ Lynch, Stephen (November 11, 2003). "A Den of Iniquity: After 3-year exile, Web exec faces perv charges". New York Post. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  11. ^ a b Strauss, Neil (June 26, 2018). "Brock Pierce: The Hippie King of Cryptocurrency". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  12. ^ a b Hoyle, Ben (February 9, 2019). "Brock Pierce: from Hollywood child star to bitcoin billionaire". The Times. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Shen, Lucinda (March 16, 2018). "Why the Cofounder of This Hot Crytocurrency Startup Is Out After John Oliver Criticized Him on 'Last Week Tonight'". Fortune. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  14. ^ a b Menn, Joseph (May 16, 2014). "Bitcoin Foundation hit by resignations over new director". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 18, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  15. ^ Abramovitch, Seth (May 23, 2016). "Elijah Wood Denies Personal Knowledge of Child Sex Abuse in Hollywood (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  16. ^ "The Truth About Presidential Candidate Brock Pierce's Legal Payment". Halt Law: Connecting Attorneys with Clients in Need. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  17. ^ Handel, Jonathan (May 29, 2014). "Garth Ancier Files Motion to Dismiss Sex Abuse Case". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
  18. ^ Handel, Jonathan (December 30, 2014). "Complexities Multiply for Hollywood Sex Abuse Accuser After Criminal Indictment, Civil Suit (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
  19. ^ Handel, Jonathan (June 7, 2015). "Hollywood Sex Abuse Accuser's Lawyers Admit Filing "Untrue and Provably False" Claims". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
  20. ^ Marotta, Jenna (October 26, 2017). "Hollywood's Underage Sexual Abuse Problem: 5 Shocking Injustices From 'An Open Secret'". Indiewire.
  21. ^ Levy, Ari (October 17, 2017). "Crypto venture firm Blockchain Capital is raising $150 million for two funds". CNBC. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  22. ^ Tabatabai, Arman (May 16, 2019). "Openfinance opens up US trading of third-party digital assets". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  23. ^ Kastelein, Richard (March 24, 2017). "What Initial Coin Offerings Are, and Why VC Firms Care". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  24. ^ a b c d e Kharif, Olga (July 10, 2020). "Crypto Coin Founder Joins Skeptics While Investigation Heats Up". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  25. ^ Layne, Nathan (April 11, 2014). "Investor group offers to take over, revive Mt. Gox". Reuters. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  26. ^ Farivar, Cyrus (April 29, 2014). "Investors step forward to acquire Mt. Gox, settle class-action lawsuits". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  27. ^ "Crypto-Currency Partners Partner Brock Pierce - The Bitcoin Knowledge Podcast". www.bitcoin.kn. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  28. ^ Arivar, Cyris (May 16, 2014). "Some in Bitcoin group resign over new board member's link to sex abuse". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  29. ^ Pick, Leon (July 4, 2015). "Olivier Janssens: Bitcoin Foundation Has No Money Left". Financial Magnates. Archived from the original on April 10, 2016. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  30. ^ "Forbes Releases First-Ever Crypto Rich List, A Compilation Of The 20 Wealthiest People In Crypto". Forbes. February 7, 2018. Archived from the original on February 7, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  31. ^ Casey, Michael J. (July 8, 2014). "Dollar-Backed Digital Currency Aims to Fix Bitcoin's Volatility Dilemma". WSJ. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  32. ^ a b "Bloomberg - Tether, not Bitcoin is likely the worlds most used currency". www.bloomberg.com.
  33. ^ Boorstin, Julia (November 28, 2005). "Yield of Dreams". Forbes. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  34. ^ a b Boorstin, Julia (November 28, 2005). "Yield of Dreams". Forbes Magazine. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  35. ^ Lu Stout, Kristie (October 24, 2004). "Material gains from virtual world". CNN. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012.
  36. ^ Dibbell, Julian (November 24, 2008). "The Decline and Fall of an Ultra Rich Online Gaming Empire". Wired News. Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  37. ^ "TechCrunch - Playsino Funding". Archived from the original on July 5, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  38. ^ "Titan Gaming Taps Pierce, McCurdy For Board". July 8, 2010. Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  39. ^ Alexander, Leigh (August 3, 2010). "Competitive Gaming Heats Up With Titan's Xfire Acquisition". Archived from the original on January 15, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  40. ^ DeCarlo, Matthew (August 3, 2010). "Xfire purchased by Titan Gaming, developers leaving". Archived from the original on August 6, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  41. ^ Wauters, Robin. "Xfire To Fly Solo Again, Raises $4 Million From Intel Capital". Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  42. ^ a b "Caltech Entrepreneurs Forum Speaker Biography". www.entforum.caltech.edu. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
  43. ^ "Global Conference 2012 Speaker: Brock Pierce". www.milkeninstitute.org. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
  44. ^ "Brock Pierce | SU Videos". videos.singularityu.org. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
  45. ^ Nelson, Danny (April 30, 2020). "Binance, Brock Pierce Donate $1M to Puerto Rico's COVID-19 Fight". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
  46. ^ "Integro Foundation joins effort to raise $1M, donate 200K masks in Puerto Rico". News is My Business. February 10, 2021. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  47. ^ a b Bowles, Nellie (February 2, 2018). "Making a Crypto Utopia in Puerto Rico". The New York Times. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  48. ^ Paris, Martine (October 21, 2018). "Brock Pierce's Restart in Puerto Rico: Cryptolife A Year After Hurricane Maria". HackerNoon. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  49. ^ Nelson, Danny (April 30, 2020). "Binance, Brock Pierce Donate $1M to Puerto Rico's COVID-19 Fight". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  50. ^ "Integro Foundation joins effort to raise $1M, donate 200K masks in Puerto Rico". News is My Business. August 10, 2020. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  51. ^ Winger, Richard (July 7, 2020). "Brock Pierce Files as an Independent Presidential Candidate with the FEC". Ballot Access News. Archived from the original on July 8, 2020. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  52. ^ a b Wickline, Michael (August 12, 2020). "Rapper Kanye West qualifies for fall ballot in state". Arkansas Online. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  53. ^ a b Murray, John (August 19, 2020). "Presidential candidates on Colorado's November 2020 ballot". The Denver Post. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  54. ^ Winger, Richard (July 15, 2020). "Three Independent Presidential Candidates Pay $35,000 to Qualify for Oklahoma Ballot". Ballot Access News. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  55. ^ Independence Party of New York. "The Independence Party of New York Endorses Brock Pierce for President of the United States". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  56. ^ Neumann, Sean (July 30, 2020). "How a Child Star-Turned-Millionaire Spent the Years Between Hollywood and Unlikely Bid for President". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  57. ^ Aaron Williams (August 24, 2020). "Akon Will Manage The Presidential Campaign Of 'Mighty Ducks' Actor And Bitcoin Entrepreneur Brock Pierce". Uproxx. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  58. ^ "Official 2020 presidential general election results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. February 1, 2021. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
  59. ^ Tobacco, John (September 14, 2020). "President Brock Pierce: Let's Put the US Dollar on the Blockchain". YouTube.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  60. ^ Winger, Richard (September 14, 2020). "Brock Pierce, Independent Presidential Candidate, Intends to Form a New Party Next Year | Ballot Access News". Ballot Access News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  61. ^ "Jesse Ventura Slams Anti-Maskers' Refusal to 'Sacrifice,' Says 'Hitler Would Have Won' If This Was WWII". Sports. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  62. ^ Vielkind, Jimmy (September 27, 2020). "New York's Third-Party Candidates Aim for Survival". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  63. ^ Rouger, Nicolas (September 5, 2020). "Burning Man in the Rose Garden? This millennial crypto king thinks he can win the White House". Haaretz.com. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  64. ^ http://www.washingtontimes.com, The Washington Times (September 27, 2020). "'Mighty ducks' child star, bitcoin billionaire launches bid for White House". The Washington Times. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  65. ^ Van Oot, Torey (August 29, 2020). "Minnesotan who starred in "Mighty Ducks" qualifies for presidential ballot". Star Tribune. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  66. ^ Reynolds, Nick (September 27, 2020). "Brock Pierce is a former child actor and a cryptocurrency billionaire. He wants you to vote for him for president". Casper Star-Tribune Online. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  67. ^ Cappetta, Jon. "Brock Pierce: The Revolutionary Going for the White House". High Times (22 October 2020). Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  68. ^ Winslow, Olivia (September 4, 2020). "Brock Pierce, former child actor, running for president". Newsday. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  69. ^ "Free & Equal | Watch Free and Equal's Second Open Presidential Debate - Oct. 8th, 2020 at 6PM MT". Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  70. ^ "During Open Debate, Third Party Candidates Say It's Really the Major Parties Who Are The Spoilers | Independent Voter News". ivn.us. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  71. ^ nick.reynolds@trib.com, Nick Reynolds 307-266-0634. "Independent presidential candidate announces plans for independent national convention in Cheyenne". Casper Star-Tribune Online. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  72. ^ Siegler, Mara (October 19, 2020). "'Mighty Ducks' star Brock Pierce angling for presidential debate with Kanye West". Page Six. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  73. ^ "Candidate Plans Independent National Convention in Wyoming". U.S. News.
  74. ^ McKay, Hollie. "First presidential vote cast using blockchain technology | Fox News". www.foxnews.com (16 October 2020). Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  75. ^ York, Independence Party of New. "The Independence Party of New York Endorses Brock Pierce for President of the United States". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  76. ^ "Despite setbacks, FL's Independent Party isn't giving up yet: 'We don't want to give FL to Trump this year'". Florida Phoenix. August 12, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  77. ^ Strauss, Neil (July 26, 2018). "Brock Pierce: The Hippie King of Cryptocurrency". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 30, 2021.

External links[edit]