Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
ALKA trailsection.jpg
Restored section of the trail
Map showing the location of Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
Map showing the location of Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
Map of the United States
Location Hawaii, US
Nearest city Kailua, Hawaii County, Hawaii
Coordinates 18°54′40″N 155°40′52″W / 18.9111111°N 155.6811111°W / 18.9111111; -155.6811111Coordinates: 18°54′40″N 155°40′52″W / 18.9111111°N 155.6811111°W / 18.9111111; -155.6811111[1]
Area 175 miles
Established 2000
Governing body National Park Service

Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail is a 175-mile (282 km) long trail located on the island of Hawaii. It is not yet a continuous "trail", but can be accessed at several broken segments along the coastline of the Big Island. The trail was established to access the traditional Ancient Hawaiian culture along with the natural geology of the island. The trail was established in 2000 as a National Historic Trail which is managed under the National Park Service.[2]

Geography[edit]

Ala kaha kai means "shoreline trail" in the Hawaiian Language. The trail follows the coastline over ancient fishermen's trails through over 200 ahupuaʻa, the traditional sea to mountain land divisions. In ancient times travel would often cover both land, and sea in canoes for portions of the journey. It passes through both public and private lands, providing access to numerous beaches and resorts.[3]

Much of the trail receives only limited maintenance and sections have been eroded or developed into roads. Only the one section of the trail has signage.[4]

The Northern end of the trail is in Upolu Point in the North Kohala District at the Moʻokini Heiau, coordinates 20°15′28″N 155°52′37″W / 20.25767°N 155.87707°W / 20.25767; -155.87707.

A part of the trail called Ala Loa (meaning "long trail" in the Hawaiian Language, another name for the same network of trails) was added to the state registry of historic places as site 10-10-11,334 on January 14, 1989,[5] and to the National Register of Historic Places as number 87001127 in 1987. This runs from Kiholo Bay to Kalahuipauaʻa near Puakō.

After passing through the west side of island, the trail ends in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Starting in 2002, a comprehensive management plan and environmental impact statement were prepared and published in 2008.[6]

Trail map[edit]

Map of the trail zones, from National Park Service

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  2. ^ Ala Kahakai on official National Park Service web site
  3. ^ Determining Significance: Hawaiʻi’s Ala Kahakai by Helen Dunbar, National Park Service
  4. ^ Description of Kawaihae-Anaehoomalu section on Hawaii Trails web site
  5. ^ registry of historic places on Hawaiʻi State web site
  6. ^ PDF of management documentation from National Park Service

See also[edit]