|• Total||397 km2 (153 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||13/km2 (34/sq mi)|
Albina is a town in eastern Suriname, and is capital of the Marowijne District. The town lies on the west bank of the Marowijne river (Maroni river), which forms the border with French Guiana, directly opposite the French Guianan town of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, to which it is connected by a frequent ferry service. Albina can be reached by bus via the East-West Link. The distance between Paramaribo and Albina is about 150 kilometres (95 mi).
Albina was founded on 13 December 1845 by August Kappler, and was named after his wife. Kappler had left Germany, and journeyed to Suriname. In February 1845 he noticed an abandoned indigenous village near the Maroni river. Later he met friendly indigenous and Maroon people nearby, and decided to settle in the village after having received permission. By 1913, there was a little town with a medical clinic, and Albina was home to 349 men and 266 women.
On 22 July 1986, the Surinamese Interior War started. That night, the Jungle Commando, led by Ronnie Brunswijk, opened fire on the army barracks in Albina. The fighting lasted three hours. One soldier and two civilians were wounded. The National Army responded by destroying the temple in Moengotapoe, and capturing all males present. During the civil war which followed, great parts of the area, including much of the town of Albina, and the road, were destroyed. It also caused a refugee crisis into French Guiana.
On 24–25 December 2009, the Albina riots took place, when local Maroon inhabitants attacked Brazilian, Chinese, Colombian and Peruvian gold prospectors after a man was allegedly stabbed to death by a Brazilian. The riots caused one death, and at least 24 wounded.
The town has a small airport, the Albina Airstrip, with a 650-metre (2,150 ft) asphalt runway in use since 1953.
Albina has a small boat (korjaal) connection to Galibi. The journey across the water takes about 1.5 hrs. There is a beach and a small tourist shop. The main reason tourists visit Galibi is to see the turtles, which come from all over the world (including places as distant as Costa Rica and Australia) to lay their eggs in Suriname.
- Henk Chin A Sen (1934-1999), former President of Suriname.
- Olton van Genderen (1921-1990), politician.
- Oscar Harris (1934), musician.
- Alfonsdorp and Marijkedorp are indigenous Lokono villages.
- Bigiston is a group of Ndyuka Maroons and indigenous Kalina villages.
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- Media related to Albina, Suriname at Wikimedia Commons