Born in Nazret, he took up running seriously in 2004 when he moved to Addis Ababa with the hope of emulating the success of Haile Gebrselassie. He made his marathon debut in 2008 at the Marathon del Riso in Vercelli and won the race in a time of 2:14:33. He ran in two other marathons that year, winning the Warsaw Marathon in 2:11:50 – a course record and personal best – and then breaking the course record to win the Beirut Marathon in November. He came tenth at the Zurich Marathon in 2009 and significantly improved his personal best at the Frankfurt Marathon, running a time of 2:08:46 for fifth place as the only non-Kenyan to reach the top eight.
He was among the leaders of the Xiamen Marathon on January 2010, but fell back at the 35 km mark, eventually taking fifth place. He returned to the race the following year and took third place in 2:09:58, his second sub-2:10 clocking. In his second run of 2011 he finished in the top five of the Rotterdam Marathon, again running under two hours and ten minutes. He was one of six men to go under the previous course record at the Ljubljana Marathon in October, but did not make the podium with his fifth-place finish. Shumye won the Gold Coast Marathon on 1 July 2012 in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
He died in a car accident on January 11, 2013.
- "Marathon runner Shumye dies in car crash". International Association of Athletics Federations. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- Butcher, Pat (30 November 2008). "Shumye obliterates Beirut Marathon record". IAAF. Archived from the original on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- Danesi, Federico (2008-05-02). Maratona del Riso Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian). Podistidoc. Retrieved on 2011-01-02.
- Alemayehu Tafere Shumye. MarathonInfo. Retrieved on 2011-01-02.
- Butcher, Pat (25 October 2009). "Kirwa breaks course record with 2:06:14 in Frankfurt". IAAF. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- Cartier, Cyrille (2 January 2010). "Lilesa and Bayisa lead Ethiopian sweep in Xiamen". IAAF. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- Cartier, Cyrille (2 January 2011). "Kipchumba breaks course record at Xiamen Marathon". IAAF. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- van Hemert, Wim (10 April 2011). "Chebet impresses with 2:05:27 victory in Rotterdam". IAAF. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- Results October 2011. AIMS. Retrieved on 25 October 2011.
- "2012 Gold Coast Airport Marathon". GoldCoast.com. 1 July 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012.