Alexander Hawkins

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Alexander Hawkins
Alexander Hawkins Cosmopolite 2017 (230643).jpg
Hawkins in 2017
Background information
Born (1981-05-03) 3 May 1981 (age 37)
Oxford, United Kingdom
GenresJazz
Occupation(s)Musician, composer
InstrumentsPiano, Hammond organ
Years activeLate 1990s–present
Websitealexanderhawkinsmusic.com

Alexander Hawkins (born 3 May 1981) is a British jazz pianist and composer. He leads three main groups: the Alexander Hawkins Ensemble; the Convergence Quartet (with Taylor Ho Bynum, Harris Eisenstadt and Dominic Lash); and the Hammond organ-based Decoy (with John Edwards and Steve Noble).[1]

Early life[edit]

Hawkins was born in Oxford on 3 May 1981.[2][3] His father played piano and clarinet and introduced Hawkins to jazz through early Duke Ellington recordings.[3] Hawkins at first played classical music, principally on organ.[3] He was educated at Radley College.[4] He decided to concentrate on piano practice when he was 18.[3] He started playing jazz in his mid-teens and played gigs in pubs with friends.[3]

Hawkins lived in Cambridge for three years as a law undergraduate and for another three while studying for a PhD in criminology.[3] There were few opportunities to play jazz there, so he was restricted to listening and practising.[3] He decided not to study jazz academically, as he felt that the courses available were too prescriptive and that he had sufficient technique to play what he wanted.[3] He also avoided transcribing and imitating the playing of others, concentrating instead on developing his own piano style.[3]

Career[edit]

After returning to Oxford from university, Hawkins played regularly with bassist Dominic Lash and saxophonist Pete McPhail.[3] Hawkins used his early experience of playing church organs when he started playing Hammond organ.[3] In the late 2000s Hawkins was part of Barkingside, a quartet.[5]

The Convergence Quartet was formed in 2006 by Hawkins and Lash,[6] as the latter knew drummer Harris Eisenstadt and Hawkins and Lash invited cornetist Taylor Ho Bynum to play with them.[3] All of the members of the quartet provide compositions for it.[3] Their third album, Slow and Steady, was appraised by a Down Beat reviewer: "Genre, personal style, consent and dissent are all grist for the mill, and the music is best appreciated by considering how these vectors move the proceedings along."[6]

The genesis of the Hammond organ-based trio Decoy lay in the owner of the record label Bo'Weavil, who wanted to create a Hammond recording, and drummer Steve Noble.[3] The trio – Hawkins, Noble and bassist John Edwards[7] – played one initial session for Bo'Weavil, which was released as different material on LP and on CD.[3] There playing does not feature formal compositions.[3] Some of their concerts and recordings have included guest Joe McPhee.[3]

In 2012, Hawkins recorded his first solo piano album, Song Singular. It was described by The Guardian's John Fordham as "state-of-the-art contemporary piano jazz".[8] It was released in 2014, at the same time as Step Wide, Step Deep by the Alexander Hawkins Ensemble, containing Otto Fischer on electric guitar, Shabaka Hutchings on reeds, violinist Dylan Bates, bassist Neil Charles and Tom Skinner on drums and percussion.[9]

This version of his Ensemble emphasises, in Hawkins' view, rhythm more than the previous one did.[3] The original Ensemble, formed in late 2007,[5] contained guitar, cello, double bass, steel pan or marimba, and so stressed contrasts of tone colours at similar pitches.[3] The change was made because members of the original group had to move and Hawkins preferred to compose with specific musicians, rather than instrumentations, in mind.[3]

In 2012 Hawkins was selected as one of the first group of young composers to be part of the London Symphony Orchestra's Soundhub programme: "a flexible space where composers can explore, collaborate and experiment, with access to vital resources and professional support."[10] Hawkins was commissioned to write and perform pieces for BBC Radio 3's Baroque Spring series in 2013.[11][12] The music was written for the specific members of the nonet that performed it, included trumpeter Peter Evans.[12]

Hawkins appeared at the Vancouver International Jazz Festival in 2014, as a trio with Francois Houle (clarinet) and Eisenstadt.[13] Hawkins has often played with Louis Moholo-Moholo, who "has never once told me what to play or suggested what to play", according to the pianist.[14] In 2015, Hawkins was asked to "write a new book of arrangements for London's Dedication Orchestra".[14] He also released a trio album of his own compositions, Alexander Hawkins Trio, with Charles and Skinner.[14][15] From that year, he collaborated with vocalist Elaine Mitchener.[16]

Influences[edit]

As a pianist, Hawkins has been influenced by a large number of jazz pianists, all of whom, in his view, had a unique sound.[3] His main idol is Art Tatum; others from around Tatum's era that Hawkins learned from listening to included Earl Hines, Fats Waller and Teddy Wilson.[3] Later influences included Thelonious Monk, Bud Powell and Elmo Hope; the last because "[he] seems to be just a guy who did something completely distinctive but without that kind of awesome baggage that Monk has".[3] In Hawkins' largely chronological listening, Cecil Taylor followed – "I think that was the first jump in the language where I really had to figure out how that related to all the stuff I loved."[3] A further influence was Marilyn Crispell, who created her own form of musical expression after being influenced by those who also influenced Hawkins.[3]

On Hammond organ, Hawkins admires all of the main jazz figures on the instrument, but prefers to play in his own style.[3]

Hawkins uses compositions by musicians who became prominent in avant garde jazz in the 1970s, including Arthur Blythe, Anthony Braxton, Leroy Jenkins, Oliver Lake, and Wadada Leo Smith: "what interests me about that period is that those are some masters who are showing interesting ways with structure. One way to create an interesting language: there's the micro level of the notes you play and in what order but also the macro-level language of what structure you're using, how you're deploying people [in an ensemble]".[3] Hawkins also uses his own compositions in his various bands.[3]

Playing style[edit]

Financial Times jazz reviewer Mike Hobart described Hawkins' improvising in 2010 as being "rooted in the early days of free jazz, when collective freedom was built on urgent rhythms, clear direction and a sense of history. He plays to the pulse and builds up a ferocious momentum. [...] Opening melodies provide structure, especially when modulated to different keys, and there are spiky riffs, swooping arpeggios and a bundle of jazzy references."[17]

The Daily Telegraph's Ivan Hewett described Hawkins' playing in a trio as containing a tension between composition and improvisation and several forms of expression: "from radiant innocence to turbid chromaticism not so far from Viennese classical music at the turn of the last century. Far from being a noise merchant, Hawkins has a fondness for straightforward single lines in octaves. He can tease away at a mere handful of intervals for minutes at a stretch, [...] then, just when you think you've got Hawkins pinned down as a quasi-classical pianist, he'll break into a playful Monk-like bebop figure."[18]

Critic Brian Morton wrote in 2010 that Hawkins' Hammond playing was "essentially pianistic. Even the clustered chords and wheezy shimmers [...] have the attack and articulation of piano", and that Hawkins was "The most interesting Hammond player of the last decade and more, he has already extended what can be done on the instrument and how far 'out' it can be pushed".[19]

Discography[edit]

An asterisk (*) indicates that the year is that of release.

As leader/co-leader[edit]

Year recorded Title Label Personnel/Notes
2006 Live in Oxford FMR As The Convergence Quartet. With Taylor Ho Bynum (cornet, flugelhorn), Dominic Lash (bass), Harris Eisenstadt (drums); in concert
2008* Barkingside Emanem As Barkingside. Quartet, with Alex Ward (clarinet), Dominic Lash (bass), Paul May (percussion)
2008 No Now Is So FMR As Alexander Hawkins Ensemble. Sextet, with Orphy Robinson (steel pan), Otto Fischer (electric guitar), Hannah Marshall (cello), Dominic Lash (bass), Javier Carmona (drums, percussion)
2009 Oto Bo'Weavil As Decoy, with guest Joe McPhee (tenor sax, soprano sax). Quartet, with John Edwards (bass), Steve Noble (drums); in concert
2009 Decoy – Vol. 1: Spirit Bo'Weavil As Decoy. Trio, with John Edwards (bass), Steve Noble (drums)
2009 Decoy – Vol. 2: The Deep Bo'Weavil As Decoy. Trio, with John Edwards (bass), Steve Noble (drums). Released on LP only[7]
2010* Song/Dance Clean Feed As The Convergence Quartet. With Taylor Ho Bynum (cornet, flugelhorn), Dominic Lash (bass), Harris Eisenstadt (drums)
2010 All There, Ever Out Babel As Alexander Hawkins Ensemble. Sextet, with Otto Fischer (electric guitar), Dominic Lash (bass), Hannah Marshall (cello), Orphy Robinson (marimba), Javier Carmona (drums, percussion). Guest Kit Downes (Hammond organ) on one track
2011 Spontaneous Combustion OTOroku As Decoy, with guest Joe McPhee (pocket trumpet, alto sax). Quartet, with John Edwards (bass), Steve Noble (drums)
2011 Slow and Steady NoBusiness As The Convergence Quartet. With Taylor Ho Bynum (cornet), Dominic Lash (bass), Harris Eisenstadt (drums); in concert
2011 Keep Your Heart Straight Ogun Duo, with Louis Moholo-Moholo (drums, percussion)
2012 Song Singular Babel Solo piano
2014* Step Wide, Step Deep Babel As Alexander Hawkins Ensemble. Sextet, with Shabaka Hutchings (sax), Otto Fischer (guitar), Dylan Bates (violin), Neil Charles (bass), Tom Skinner (drums)
2015* Alexander Hawkins Trio Alexander Hawkins Music Trio, with Neil Charles (bass), Tom Skinner (drums, percussion)
2015* Owl Jacket NoBusiness As The Convergence Quartet. With Taylor Ho Bynum (cornet), Dominic Lash (bass), Harris Eisenstadt (drums); released as a limited edition LP and digital download
2016* Leaps in Leicester Clean Feed Duo with Evan Parker (tenor sax)
2016–17 Unit[e] Alexander Hawkins Music Some tracks sextet, with Shabaka Hutchings (bass clarinet, tenor sax), Otto Fischer (electric guitar), Dylan Bates (violin), Neil Charles (bass), Tom Skinner (drums); some tracks with James Arben (flute, tenor sax, bass clarinet), Bates (violin), Charles (bass), Stephen Davis (drums, percussion), Fischer (guitar), Laura Jurd (trumpet), Julie Kjaer (flute, alto flute, alto saxophone, bass clarinet), Nick Malcolm (trumpet, flugelhorn), Hannah Marshall (cello), Percy Pursglove (trumpet, double bass), Alex Ward (clarinet), Matthew Wright (live electronics)
2017* UpRoot Intakt As Alexander Hawkins / Elaine Mitchener Quartet. Quartet, with Elaine Mitchener (vocals), Neil Charles (bass), Stephen Davis (drums, percussion)
2018* You Have Options Songlines Trio, with François Houle (clarinet), Harris Eistenstadt (drums)

As sideman[edit]

Year recorded Leader Title Label Personnel/Notes
2011 Nick Malcolm Glimmers FMR Quartet, with Olie Brice (bass), Mark Whitlam (drums)
2013* Dominic Lash Opabinia Babel Quartet, with Ricardo Tejero (reeds), Javier Carmona (drums)
2013* Mulatu Astatke Sketches of Ethiopia Jazz Village
2013* Steve Davis Being Human Babel Credited to "Human". Quartet, with Dylan Bates (violin), Alex Bonney (trumpet)
2013 Nick Malcolm Beyond These Voices Green Eyes Quartet, with Olie Brice (bass), Mark Whitlam (drums)
2013 Louis Moholo-Moholo 4 Blokes Ogun Quartet, with Jason Yarde (sax), John Edwards (bass)
2014* Louis Moholo-Moholo For the Blue Notes Ogun With Henry Lowther (trumpet), Alan Tomlinson (trombone), Ntshuks Bonga (soprano sax, alto sax), Jason Yarde (soprano sax, alto sax), John Edwards (bass); Francine Luce (vocals) added on some tracks; in concert
2014* Roberto Ottaviano Forgotten Matches. The Worlds of Steve Lacy Dodicilune Duo
2016 Chicago/London Underground A Night Walking Through Mirrors Cuneiform Quartet, with Rob Mazurek (cornet, voice, sampling, electronics), Chad Taylor (drums, mbira, electronics), John Edwards (bass); in concert

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Louis Moholo-Moholo / Alexander Hawkins Duo + Steve Beresford / Guillaume Viltard / Shabaka Hutchings / Louis Moholo-Moholo Quartet" Archived 8 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. cafeoto.co.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Alexander Hawkins". BBC. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Sharpe, John (15 January 2013) "Alexander Hawkins: Retaining the Sense of Discovery". All About Jazz.
  4. ^ "Seen and Heard – All There, Ever Out" Archived 16 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. (June 2012) Lusimus [Radley College]. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  5. ^ a b Eyles, John (4 June 2009) "Alexander Hawkins Ensemble: No Now Is So (2009)". All About Jazz.
  6. ^ a b Meyer, Bill (November 2013) "The Convergence Quartet – Slow and Steady". Down Beat. p. 63.
  7. ^ a b Fordham, John (21 January 2010) "Decoy: Spirit/The Deep". The Guardian.
  8. ^ Fordham, John (27 February 2014) "Alexander Hawkins: Song Singular Review – 'State-of-the-Art Piano Jazz'". The Guardian.
  9. ^ Pallant, Adrian (8 April 2014) "CD Review: Alexander Hawkins Ensemble – Step Wide, Step Deep". LondonJazz.
  10. ^ "LSO Soundhub" Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. London Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Alexander Hawkins Octet Feat. Peter Evans, Percy Pursglove, Byron Wallen, Oren Marshall, Hannah Marshall, Amanda Drummond, Pete McPhail and Mark Sanders" Archived 21 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. cafeoto.co.uk. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Baroque Spring: Alexander Hawkins Ensemble". BBC. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Alexander Hawkins/Francois Houle/Harris Eisenstadt" Archived 14 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. coastaljazz.ca. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  14. ^ a b c Margasak, Peter (January 2015) "Hawkins Thrives as Outsider". Down Beat. p. 16.
  15. ^ Margasak, Peter (27 November 2016) "Pianist Alexander Hawkins Signals a New Era of Progressive British Jazz". Chicago Reader.
  16. ^ Fordham, John (29 November 2016 "Hawkins/Mitchener Review – Constantly Surprising and Superbly Executed Jazz". The Guardian.
  17. ^ Hobart, Mike (8 January 2010) "Alexander Hawkins Quartet". Financial Times. p. 15.
  18. ^ Hewett, Ivan (11 June 2014) "Alexander Hawkins Trio, Vortex Jazz Club, Review: 'Absorbing'". The Daily Telegraph.
  19. ^ Morton, Brian (October 2010) "Moment's Notice". Point of Departure. Issue 31.