NPO Almaz

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NPO Almaz named after A.A. Raspletin
Joint stock company
Key people
Vitaly Neskorodov, General Director (since February 2011)
Pavel Sozinov, General Designer (since February 2011)
ProductsAnti-aircraft defence systems, Missiles
SubsidiariesNIEMI, NIIRP, MNIIRE Altair and MNIIPA scientific & research centers.
NPO Almaz headquarters in Moscow (built in 1953)

JSC NPO Almaz named after A.A. Raspletin (Russian: ГСКБ Концерна ПВО "Алмаз-Антей", former SB-1, 1947–50; KB-1, 1950–66; MKB Strela, 1966–71; TsKB Almaz, 1971–88; NPO Almaz, 1988–2008; GSKB Almaz-Antey, 2008-15) is a Soviet/Russian military R&D enterprise founded in 1947. It is the core of the Almaz-Antey holding. Headquarters – Moscow, Leningradsky av., 80.


Since 1955, KB-1 developed such air defence missile systems as the S-25 Berkut, S-75 Dvina, S-125 Neva/Pechora, S-200 Angara/Vega/Dubna, S-300, S-400 Triumf, S-300PMU, S-300PMU2, and S-350E Vityaz.

On 30 November 2009, the board of directors of Almaz-Antey voted to reorganize the joint-stock companies NIEMI, NIIRP, MNIIRE Altair and MNIIPA, merging them with NPO Almaz to form GSKB joint venture. GSKB became the head R&D arm of Almaz-Antey holdings, becoming its Head System Design Bureau (Russian: ГСКБ, Головное системное конструкторское бюро).

NIIRP scientific & research center is developing the Joint system of air and ballistic missile defense (Russian: ЕС ЗРО ПВО-ПРО). Earlier, NIIRP successfully developed the A-135 BMD system together with Amur-P multi-channel firing system which were put into operation to protect Moscow on 17 February 1995. NIIRP had previously designed the A-35 and A-35M BMD systems, which defended Moscow from 1977 until the full deployment of the A-135.

In February 2011, it was announced that the first S-500 missile systems should be in serial production by 2014. There will be also a version of the system called S-1000.

Current product line[edit]

  • Area and object air defence
    S-125 Neva/Pechora
    S-400 Triumf missile system
    S-300PMU2 Favorit missile system
    S-300P missile system and modifications
  • Land forces air defence (by NIEMI scientific & research center)
    Antey-2500 missile system
    S-300V missile system
    Tor-M2E short-range missile system
    55Zh6M Nebo M and UME three-band anti-stealth radar[1][2]
  • Ship-based air defence (by MNIIRE Altair scientific & research center)
    Shtil-1 multi-channel ship-based middle-range missile system
    S-300F Rif-M ship-based missile system
    Klinok ship-based missile system
    3M-47 Gibka, the ship turret launcher
    Podzagolovok-24E – Basic Collective Mutual Interference Avoidance System (ship-based electromagnetic compatibility electronic equipment)
    Moskit-E, Moskit-MVE missile system
  • Automated control systems (by MNIIPA scientific & research center)


  1. ^ Miroslav Gyürösi (14 October 2013). "NNIIRT develops new dual-frequency early warning radar". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ Carlo Kopp and Bill Sweetman. "New Russian Airpower Efforts Show Progress" Aviation Week & Space Technology, 19 June 2012. Archive

External links[edit]