The Town Hall
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Michel Héritié|
|Area1||24.76 km2 (9.56 sq mi)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||33003 /33440|
|Elevation||0–34 m (0–112 ft)
(avg. 7 m or 23 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambarésiens or Ambarésiennes
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture and heritage
- 7 Sports
- 8 Notable people linked to the commune
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
Ambarès-et-Lagrave is part of the Bordeaux urban area located to the north of the Bordeaux conurbation between the Garonne and Dordogne. The A10 autoroute passes down the eastern side of the commune from north to south with Exit 42 → Ambarès-et-Lagrave, Saint-Loubès in the commune. The commune is mostly urbane with small areas of forest in the north and south and farmland in the west and north.
Ambarès-et-Lagrave is surrounded by several cities of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB):
- TER Aquitaine
The commune is served by two railway stations: the Grave-d'Ambarès station and La Gorp station which have regular links with Bordeaux.
- TBC Network
|Liane||7||Les Aubiers ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Parabelle|
|Flexo||49||Ambares (Mon-Sat)||Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Collège C. Massé ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-La Gorp then the Flexo zone of Ambarès|
|Flexo||50||Ambarès (Soirée)||Stalingrad ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Europe then serves on demand stops to Bec d'Ambès|
|Line||90||Bassens-La Chênaie ⇔ Carbon-Blanc-La Mouline or Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand-Belle Rive|
|Line||92||Stalingrad ⇔ Ambès-Escarraguel or -Fort Lajard|
|Line||93||Schooldays only||Lycée de Lormont ⇔ Ambès-Fort Lajard|
|Line||94||Schooldays only||Lycée de Lormont ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Parabelle|
|Line||95||Schooldays only||Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Collège Massé ⇔ Ambarès-et-Lagrave-Parabelle|
|Line||96||Schooldays only||Lycée de Lormont ⇔ Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand-Belle Rive|
- Trans Gironde Network
|201||Buttinière ⇔ Blaye-Tourist Office|
|202||Buttinière or Blaye-Tourist Office ⇔ Blaye-Tourist Office or Saint-Ciers-sur-Gironde-Église or Pleine-Selve-Chez Pidoux|
|301||Buttinière ⇔ Sante-Eulalie-Argentière or Izon-Le Pin or Libourne-Gare Routière|
In the 12th century the city of Ambarès belonged to a vast feudal domain comprising a large part of the marshes of Entre-deux-Mers (Between two seas). Later this area became the Barony of Montferrand.
The ancient parish of Ambarès was almost entirely under the jurisdiction of the Lords of Gua who levied tithes from the 15th century.
The Lagrave district was attached to the commune of Ambarès in 1818.
Azure, a baton sinister Argent cabled Sable; at dexter chief a conical tower Argent masoned sable port the same; at middle chief a lion contourned of Or; at sinister base a domed castle flanked by two towers embattled of three pieces, all of Argent masoned in sable, port and windows the same; at fesse point a key of Or, with bow in chief and bit to sinister debruised by another key the same in fesse bow to dexter and bit to chief.
List of Successive Mayors
|1853||Antoine François Jules Eymond|
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 13,172 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
The population of Ambarès-et-Lagrave has more than doubled between 1962 and 1999. This significant increase in the population is probably due to the its proximity to the city of Bordeaux.
Although the tertiary sector (services) is predominant in Ambarès-et-Lagrave, the town also has many jobs in industry (secondary sector).
- Allocation of Workers (2009, INSEE):
Unemployment rate: 9.8% (2009, INSEE)
Culture and heritage
The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Lavoir (Public Laundry) at La Gorp (1893)
- The Château Beauséjour (19th century) was probably rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century but as farm buildings it may be older. The old house was listed as Pouyau on the Belleyme map and in the old Land Registry.
- The Château du Tillac (17th century) was the noble house of the Joly de Bonneau family. It was probably built in the 17th century perhaps at the site of an old house as it is located on one of the peaks at the end the peninsula.
- The Chauvette House at 10 Rue de la Commanderie des Templiers (18th century)
- A House at 27 Rue Edmond-Faulat (20th century)
- A House at 6-8 Rue Edmond-Faulat (19th century)
- The Charron House at 9 Rue Edmond-Faulat (17th century)
- The Château de Formont (19th century) was a former noble house on one of the peaks of the end of the peninsula and is shown on the Belleyme map. The building may have been built in the early 18th century as indicated by the date it bore of 1723 which is now destroyed.
- The Café Duthil at 11 Avenue de la Gare (19th century)
- A House at 7 Rue Guillaume-Peychaud (18th century)
- The Château du Gua (1866) was a former noble house of the Laroque, Donissan, and Pineau families. It was known early in the 15th century and mentioned on the Belleyme map. The house was completely destroyed and rebuilt in 1866.
- The Le Gaès Farmhouse at 22 Avenue de la Libération (18th century)
- The Rousseau House at 61 Avenue de la Libération (18th century)
- A Wine Warehouse at 69 bis Avenue de la Libération (1837)
- The former Covered Market / Town Hall at the Place du Maréchal-Leclerc (1836)
- The Château Saint-Denis (17th century) was perhaps an ancient noble house but not listed as such on the Belleyme map. Probably built in the 17th century for the Pineau family according to a U-shaped plan (as amended). It was the property of the actor Louis Jouvet in 1930.
- The Château Peychaud (17th century) was a lordship documented since the 16th century belonging to the Fayet family. The old castle was probably rebuilt in 1680 and in the early 18th century when it included the current building flanked to the north by agricultural areas.
- The Château Bellevue (19th century) was probably rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century on the site of a former U-shaped house mentioned as Puymanot on the Belleyme map and the old Land Registry. It has been converted into a school since 1980.
- The Château Durandeau (19th century) was a former noble house of the Rishon family shown on the Belleyme map. The building may have been built in the 17th century and rebuilt in the 18th century then extensively restored in the middle of the 19th century.
- The Le Grain House at 32 Avenue du Roy (18th century)
- The Beaujet House at 83 Avenue du Roy (18th century)
- The Town Hall / School at Place de la Victoire (19th century)
- The War Memorial at Place de la Victoire (1921)
- A Monumental Column at Rue de la Vierge (1885)
- Mills (18th century)
- Winemakers' Huts (19th-20th century)
- Houses, Manors, and Farms (18th-20th century)
- Montferrand Marsh (17th century)
The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Parish Church of Saint Pierre (11th century)
- The Chapel of Saint Denis (19th century)
- The Cemetery at Rue Victor-Hugo (19th century)
- The Presbytery at 3 Rue Victor-Hugo (18th century)
- The former Church of the Templars Notre-Dame-de-la-Grave at Rue de la Vierge (12th century)
- Monumental Crosses (19th century)
The Parish Church of Saint Pierre contains a large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) click here.
The Ambarésienne Sports Association (ASA) was founded in 1970 and is a sports association affiliated with the French Federation of Omnisports Clubs (FFCO). Its purpose is to provide sport for all. The ASA had more than 2,500 members and 23 sections in 2012.
- Members of the musical group Noir Désir recorded part of their debut album at Ambarès near La Blanche (water point) and one of the members of the group lives in Ambarès.
- André Lignac, born in Ambarès and was deputy mayor of the town for over 50 years.
- Marc Oraison (1914-1979), born in Ambarès, priest and doctor.
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave official website (French)
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave on the old National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Ambarésienne Sports Association official website (French)
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave on Lion1906
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave on Google Maps
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Ambares and la Grave on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Gironde (French)
- Google Maps
- Ambarès-et-Lagrave on the The Cassini villages in the communes of today from EHESS, consulted on 27 November 2011. (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001187 Lavoir at La Gorp (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001193 Château Beauséjour (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001208 Château du Tillac (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001207 Chauvette House at 10 Rue de la Commanderie des Templiers (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001190 House at 27 Rue Edmond-Faulat (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001188 House at 6-8 Rue Edmond-Faulat (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001189 House at 9 Rue Edmond-Faulat (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001196 Château de Formont (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001201 Café Duthil at 11 Avenue de la Gare (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001194 House at 7 Rue Guillaume-Peychaud (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001198 Château du Gua (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001199 Le Gaès Farmhouse at 22 Avenue de la Libération (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001202 Rousseau House at 61 Avenue de la Libération (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001202 Wine Warehouse at 69 bis Avenue de la Libération (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001202 Covered Market / Town Hall at the Place du Maréchal-Leclerc (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001206 Château Saint-Denis (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001204 Château Peychaud (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00083109 Château Peychaud (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001192 Château Bellevue (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001195 Château Durandeau (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001197 Le Grain House at 32 Avenue du Roy (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001191 Beaujet House at 83 Avenue du Roy (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001184 Beaujet Town Hall / School at Place de la Victoire (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001178 War Memorial at Place de la Victoire (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001125 Monumental Column at Rue de la Vierge (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001181 Mills (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001180 Winemakers' Huts (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001115 Houses, Manors, and Farms (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001258 Montferrand Marsh (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001182 Church of Saint Pierre (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00083110 Church of Saint Pierre (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001205 Chapel of Saint Denis (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001200 Cemetery at Rue Victor-Hugo (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001185 Presbytery at 3 Rue Victor-Hugo (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001183 Church of the Templars Notre-Dame-de-la-Grave at Rue de la Vierge (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA33001179 Monumental Crosses (French)
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