American Brewery (building)
|Location||1701 N. Gay St., Baltimore, Maryland|
|Area||2.8 acres (1.1 ha)|
|Architectural style||Middle-European Chalet|
|NRHP Reference #||73002179|
|Added to NRHP||May 9, 1973|
The American Brewery is an historic former brewery located at 1701 North Gay Street in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. Formerly abandoned and left to decay, it has been recently renovated and beautified. It is currently the headquarters of Humanim Inc.
Built in 1887 by John Frederick Wiessner, a German immigrant, the American Brewery in East Baltimore was one of the largest breweries in the state of Maryland. At its peak, the brewery employed 61 workers: 16 in brewery work, 17 drivers, 14 in the bottling house, 8 garage men, and 6 office workers. The central tower of the building housed a 10,000-bushel grain elevator. Prohibition forced the shutdown of the facility in 1920. In 1931 the Wiessner family sold the brewery to the American Malt Company, which modernized the interior equipment and operated the brewery until 1973. The building was listed that year in the National Registry of Historic Sites.
The Brewery has become the new home for Humanim, a Columbia, Maryland, nonprofit organization, secured $22.5 million for renovations of the American Brewery complex into its new headquarters. The City of Baltimore approved the building permit in early 2004, and work is now complete. The American Brewery is situated in the center of one of East Baltimore’s most blighted neighborhoods.
Struever Bros. Eccles & Rouse, Humanim Inc., and Gotham Development LLC have announced plans to redevelop the Brewhouse building and bottling plant into a social and human services center and a new Baltimore headquarters for Humanim Inc.
The project consists of two phases: the Brewhouse and the Bottle Building. The Brewhouse, a 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) building that once served as the main brewing facility, will be transformed into Humanim’s Baltimore headquarters. Humanim is a 35-year-old Maryland-based social and human services provider that has delivered programs and services in East Baltimore for the last 20 years. The Bottle Building, a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) c. 1937 industrial building will be converted into a center for organizations working in community arts, community services and small business development. The Brewhouse is scheduled to start construction in summer 2007 with completion scheduled for the summer 2008. The Bottle Building is scheduled to start construction in 2008 with completion in 2009.
The once-vibrant neighborhood around the brewery building has long been in decline and was largely forgotten by politicians and the media during the latter half of the 20th century. About half of the homes and other buildings in the area have been demolished or are vacant. Basic services such as grocery stores and restaurants have disappeared as well. In 2006, the City of Baltimore moved to acquire 200 abandoned properties in the area for future demolition or rehabilitation.
The rehabilitation of the American Brewery may serve as an impetus for further investment in the East Baltimore neighborhood. Due to its central location in a struggling neighborhood, interior space, and architectural quality, the brewery is seen by urban planners as an anchor for future community and economic development initiatives in the area. It is hoped that new employment and social services will attract additional investors, improving the quality of life for current and future residents.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- John F. Wiessner & Sons Brewery
- Mitchell IV, Alexander D. Baltimore Then & Now (2002) p. 132-33. Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, California. ISBN 1-57145-688-0
- MHS Library
- "Maryland Historical Trust". American Brewery, Baltimore City. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-11-21.
- Struever Bros. Eccles & Rouse Development
- Baltimore Sun - May 17, 2007
- Baltimore, Maryland, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
- American Brewery, Baltimore City, including undated photo, at Maryland Historical Trust
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. MD-25, "Wiessner Brewery, 1700 North Gay Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD", 20 photos, 6 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
- HAER No. MD-25-A, "Weissner Brewery, Building Nos. 6 & 7", 9 photos, 18 data pages, 2 photo caption pages