Amir Chand Bombwal
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Amir Chand Bombwal (8 August 1893 – 10 February 1972) was born in Punjab. He was a journalist, a freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement, a Khudai Khidmatgar and a political leader of the Indian National Congress Party from Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of British India. He was the founder, editor and publisher of a weekly newspaper called The Frontier Mail and a close associate of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan whom it has been claimed he named ‘Frontier Gandhi’.
Bombwal was the last editor of the short-lived Urdu-language Swarajya weekly newspaper, published between 1907 and 1911 by the Bharat Mata Society in Allahabad. This newspaper pursued a scathing campaign against British Raj rule, An active member of the Indian National Congress party, he was jailed for participation in the first Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921-23.
After the Partition of India, he was arrested without charges, along with Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan (known as Khan Sahib) by the founder of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah who suspected them of undermining the accession of NWFP to Pakistan. They were jailed in Peshawar Central Jail and there was little hope for their release. Upon the death of Jinnah, Liaquat Ali Khan, who was on friendly terms with them, assumed the reins of power in Pakistan. Liaquat Ali Khan facilitated their release from jail, and transferred Bombwal to India in 1948, where he arrived on a flight carrying the ceasefire delegation of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 from Pakistan.
After Partition, he settled down in Dehradun, India and continued to publish The Frontier Mail from there. He gave the Indian people a floor-to-ceiling height oil painting of Vithalbhai Patel that now hangs on right side of the dais in Central Hall of the Indian Parliament.
- Gupta, Manmath Nath (1972). History of the Indian revolutionary movement. Somaiya Publications. pp. 33–34.
- "Uttarakhand journalist gave Frontier Gandhi title to Abdul Gaffar Khan, claims book". The Tribune. 24 December 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- Chattopadhyay, Gautam (1991). "Petition, Protest and REvolt: The Changing Face of the Anti-Imperialist Press in India, 1857-1947". In Johansson, Eve. La presse de la liberté: Journée d'études organisée par le Groupe de Travail IFLA sur les Journaux, Paris, le 24 août 1989. Walter de Gruyter. p. 49. ISBN 9783111357300.
- "Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, Volume 29, page 347, letter to Amirchand C. Bombwal" (PDF).