Amomum is a genus of plant native to China, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Queensland. It includes several species of cardamom, especially black cardamom. Plants of this genus are remarkable for their pungency and aromatic properties.
Among ancient writers, the name amomum was ascribed to various odoriferous plants that cannot be positively identified today. The word derives from Latin amomum, which is the latinisation of the Greek ἄμωμον (amomon), a kind of an Indian spice plant. Edmund Roberts noted on his 1834 trip to China that amomum was utilized as a spice to "season sweet dishes," in culinary practice.
See List of Amomum species for a complete list.
- Amomum aculeatum
- Amomum aromaticum
- Amomum austrosinense
- Amomum costatum (black cardamom)
- Amomum dallachyi
- Amomum dealbatum
- Amomum foetens
- Amomum gracile
- Amomum longiligulare
- Amomum longipes
- Amomum ovoideum
- Amomum magnificum
- Amomum odontocarpum
- Amomum sahyadricum
- Amomum subulatum (black cardamom)
- Amomum testaceum
- Amomum truncatum
- Amomum tsao-ko
- Amomum villosum
- Amomum xanthioides (black cardamom seed)
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Flora of China v 24 p 347, 豆蔻属 dou kou shu, Amomum Roxburgh, Pl. Coromandel. 3: 75. 1820.
- Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
- Lamxay, V. & Newman, M.F. (2012). A revision of Amomum (Zingiberaceae) in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 69: 99-206.
- amomum, Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, on Perseus Digital Library
- ἄμωμον, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
- Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 138.
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