Andrija Andabak

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Andrija Andabak
Nickname(s) Cile
Born 6 September 1956
Split, Croatia
Died 7 July 1992
Posavina
Allegiance  Croatia
Service/branch Croatian Army
Years of service 1991–1992
Rank colonel (posthumously)
Awards
Spouse(s) Nada

Andrija Andabak (Split, September 6, 1956 - Posavina, July 7, 1992), was a Croatian soldier.

Life before the Croatian War of Independence[edit]

Andrija Andabak was born in Split on 6 September 1956 from father Stjepan and mother Ruža. He spent his childhood in Nuštar, where he attended elementary school followed by secondary Technical school Ruđer Bošković in Vinkovci, as an electrical technician. He married Nada Čović on 27 December 1980. In 1981 he started working in Vupik, Vukovar.[1] He got his first son Marko in 1981, and his second son Stjepan in 1984. He lived in a family home in Nuštar together with his brother Zvonimir, sister Dragica, father and mother.

Military training[edit]

During 1979/1980 he served as a conscript in JNA in Bitolj, Macedonia, where he was trained to work with 9M14 Malyutka anti-tank missiles. After that, he attended military exercises at least once a month.[2]

Beginning and course of the Croatian War of Independence[edit]

In June 1991 he volunteered to the 109. Vinkovci brigade, where he started his anti-tank military service with his first shot on 28 September 1991.

After he destroyed his 15th tank, commander J. Zvirotić awarded him with a pistol, a Česká zbrojovka M75. His military success went a long way, so in 1992 Andabak was invited to dine at Banski dvori with the President of the Republic of Croatia Franjo Tuđman, where he was welcomed by Anton Tus and Janko Bobetko as well. He worked as an instructor at the Croatian Military Academy in Zagreb.[2]

On 10 April 1992 he destroyed his 31st tank (a T-55) and, by the time he died, his last M-84 tank as well. He is credited with destroying or disabling a total of 32 armoured fighting vehicles, of which 30 tanks (14 M-84 and 16 T-55), 1 infantry fighting vehicle and 1 armoured personnel carrier, more than any other Croatian soldier. He was killed on 7 July 1992 in Posavina and was buried in Nuštar.[1][3]

Post mortem[edit]

Andrija Andabak award.
The "Andrija Andabak" award, posthumously to Andrija Andabak himself

He was posthumously awarded the rank of major, and later of lieutenant Colonel.[4] On 19 December 1995 the family of the deceased received the Order of Duke Domagoj[5] for Andrija Andabak's outstanding bravery and heroism in war. The medal itself is the highest military award a member of the Republic of Croatia Armed Forces can receive.[6] Prior to that, he was awarded the Order of Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan and the Homeland War Memorial Medal.[7]

The Croatian Army awards a medal, named after him, to soldiers who destroy three or more AFV's. He was the first person to posthumously receive it.[1][7][8]

In honor of Andrija Andabak, as well as all Nuštar's defenders who died in combat, a memorial tournament carrying his name is held each year.

Andrija Andabak was known in the Croatian War of Independence as a person who did not think about himself for one moment, but instead about how to contribute to the defence of his homeland. He was a skilled professional and excellent operator. He destroyed 32 armoured fighting vechiles by himself in only 8 months of the War.[9]

On 7 July 2009 a memorial plaque for Andrija Andabak was unveiled on his family house.

In 2015, he was selected as one of 12 people who represent symbols of the Homeland War and introduced as such into Croatian history textbooks.[7][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Halužan, Siniša; Laušić, Gordan; Andrija Andabak - Život za Hrvatsku; Hrvatski Vojnik; nr. 68; 15 July 1994; ISSN 1330-500X
  2. ^ a b Brnardić, Vladimir; TV kalendar; "Andrija Andabak"; 7 July 2014; Croatian Radiotelevision; URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HOSEqlZHuyc
  3. ^ Kevo, Mladen. Hrvatsko predziđe: Istočnoslavonska ratna kronika II. Gradska Tiskara Osijek, Osijek, 1993
  4. ^ Narodne Novine number 67, 13 October 1992, http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/1992_10_67_7320.html
  5. ^ Narodne Novine number 17, 1 March 1996, http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/1996_03_17_281.html
  6. ^ Narodne Novine number 20, 20 March 1995, http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/1995_03_20_377.html
  7. ^ a b c Barić, Nikica; Dovranić, Darko; Janković, Tamara; Nazor, Ante; Novosel, Domagoj; Petroci, Emil. Domovinski rat - čitanka priručnik za učitelje povijesti u osnovnim školama i nastavnike povijesti u srednjim školama. Školska knjiga d.d., Zagreb, 2015. ISBN 9789530517080
  8. ^ Davor Runtić, Junaci Domovinskog rata: ratne priče iz Domovinskog rata, Neobična naklada, Samobor, 2002., ISBN 953-6708-11-6
  9. ^ Nazor, Ante. Greater-Serbian Aggression on Croatia in the 90’s. Croatian Homeland War Memorial and Documentation Centre, Zagreb, 2011. ISBN 978-953-7439-39-2
  10. ^ Ovo je 12 heroja o kojima će učiti naša djeca!; Mirela Lilek; http://www.jutarnji.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/ovo-je-12-heroja-domovinskog-rata-o-kojima-ce-uciti-nasa-djeca-izdaje-se-prvi-prirucnik-za-skole/399331/; Jutarnji list; Hanza Media; 28 April 2015 (in Croatian)

External sources[edit]