Anna Tsing

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Anna Tsing
Born
Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing

1952
AwardsHuxley Memorial Medal, Guggenheim Fellowship, Gregory Bateson Prize, Victor Turner Prize
Academic background
Alma materYale University, Stanford University
Academic work
Main interestsFeminist studies, The Anthropocene, Globalization
Notable worksFriction: An Ethnography of Global Connection, The Mushroom at the End of the World: On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins

Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing (born 1952) is an American anthropologist. She is a professor in the Anthropology Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. In 2018, she was awarded the Huxley Memorial Medal of the Royal Anthropological Institute.[1]

Biography[edit]

Education[edit]

Tsing received her B.A. from Yale University and completed her M.A. (1976) and PhD (1984) at Stanford University.[2]

Career[edit]

On receiving her doctoral degree, she served as a visiting assistant professor at the University of Colorado, Boulder (1984–86) and as an assistant professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst (1986–89). She then, joined UC Santa Cruz.[2]

Tsing published some over 40 articles in prominent journals such as Cultural Anthropology and Southeast Asian Studies Bulletin. She won the Henry J. Benda Prize for her book In the Realm of the Diamond Queen (1994) and was honored Senior Book Award for her second book Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection (2005) by the American Ethnological Society.[3]

In 2010, she received a Guggenheim Fellowship.[2] for her project On the Circulation of Species: The Persistence of Diversity, an ethnography of matsutake mushroom.[3]

In 2013, Tsing was bestowed the Niels Bohr Professorship at Aarhus University in Denmark for her contribution to interdisciplinary work in the fields of humanities, natural sciences, social sciences, and the arts. She is currently developing a transdisciplinary program for exploring the Anthropocene.[4] Tsing is director of the AURA: Aarhus University Research on the Anthropocene at Aarhus University.[5][6] The project was funded by the Danish National Research Foundation for a five-year period until 2018.

Among the many institutes she is affiliated with, she is also a member of the American Anthropological Association, the American Ethnological Society, and the Association for Asian Studies.[3]

Major themes[edit]

Plantationocene[edit]

Together with scholar Donna J. Haraway, Tsing coined Plantationocene as an alternative term to the proposed epoch Anthropocene that centers humans activities in the transformation of the planet and its negative effect on land use, ecosystems, biodiversity, and species extinction.

Tsing and Haraway point out that not all humans equally contribute to the environmental challenges facing our planet. They date the origin of the Anthropocene to the start of colonialism in the Americas in the early modern era and highlight the violent history behind it by focusing on the history of plantations. The Spanish and the Portuguese colonists started importing models of plantations to the Americas by the 1500s which they have previously developed a century earlier in the Atlantic Islands. These models of planation were based on migratory forced labor (slavery), intensive land usage, globalized commerce, and constant racialized violence, all have transformed the lives of humans and non-humans worldwide. Current and past plantations provide an important note of the histories of colonialism, capitalism, and racism which can't be separated from environmental issues that made some humans more at risk to warming temperatures, rising seawater levels, toxicants, and land disposition than others.[7]

Notable works[edit]

Some of Tsing's notable work comprise the following books:

  • In the Realm of the Diamond Queen: Marginality in an Out-of-the-way Place (1993)
Anna Tsing's first book centers around individuals from Meratus Dayak, from South Kalimantan, Indonesia.[8] Tsing's key informant is Uma Adang, who provides her insight into shamanism, politics and the mythology in relation to ethnic identity.[9] The book focuses on the topic of marginality within a state and the context of community within a gendered framework.[10]
  • Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection (2004)
Tsing's ethnography is based in the Meratus Mountains of South Kalimantan, a province in Indonesia.[11] The term friction is described as, "the awkward, unequal, unstable, and creative qualities of interconnection across difference."[11] This ethnography was based on short-term, consecutive instances of field work; the methods are based on "ethnographic fragments".[11] The book is a study on human dominated landscapes, running themes include corporate exploitation, globalization, environmental activism, and environmental degradation.[12] Friction has become a standard text in graduate seminars in geography, sociology, critical theory, feminist studies, environmental studies, and political economy, among other areas.[2]
From her research, Tsing is able to conceptualize friction as an alternative theory to the simple “development of a globalized society”. Tsing critiques this paradigm as it stems from an imperialist point of view, where development is framed as becoming more similar to powerful nations and is linked to morality. The idea of the “globe” is something difficult to measure and study and creates a dichotomy between societies considered part of the global community. Tsing begins by explaining how illogical trends in Indonesian land management seem despite the fact that the population and demands for infrastructure do not seem to be increasing on a local level. The issue of this deforestation led to increased solidarity and conversation between urban and rural communities in Indonesia. Tsing points out that part of the reason for the unity of different Indonesian communities over this issue was that none of these communities were benefiting from the destruction of these forests as they were to create goods for foreign powers. As protesters argue, this environmental destruction does not align with the positive imagination of  the global movement. Instead, Tsing writes, it reveals how power and inequality are reflected in destruction of natural resources and the activism in response to those actions. Tsing argues that the current paradigm of globalization theory is that all global interactions are done in the goal of creating a global era. By instead describing global and cultural interactions across difference as “friction”, Tsing acknowledges the effects that these interactions have on the trajectory of societies without attaching morality or monolithic view points to them. Tsing also suggests that using the concept of friction to understand the impacts of interaction rids the perception that the power of globalization is a uniform and inevitable process. It takes away some of the power in the way we speak about globalization by acknowledging that the concept is “messy” and does not always create changes in the same way. Tsing’s conceptualization of friction as a description for interaction on the global scale offers a new way to understand how diverse the effects of these interactions can be on different worlds.[13]
Tsing's ethnographic account of the matsutake mushroom gives the readers a look into this rare, prized and expensive fungi, much appreciated in Japan.[14] The mushroom sprouts in landscapes that have been considerably changed by people, in symbiosis with certain species of pine trees.[15] Tsing's account of the matsutake contributes to the field of anthropology in her ability to study multi-species interactions, using the non-human subject to glean more about the human world.[16]
Tsing follows matsutake fungi's international journey in order to give the reader insight into the mushroom's complex commodity chain connecting to meditations on capitalism.[14] She uses the matsutake to shed light on broader themes about how ecology is shaped by human interference.[14] The book was awarded the Gregory Bateson Prize[17] and the Victor Turner Prize.[18]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Huxley Memorial Medal and Lecture Prior Recipients". Royal Anthropological Institute. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "John Simon Guggenheim Foundation | Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing". Retrieved 2020-02-06.
  3. ^ a b c "ANNA LOWENHAUPT TSING".
  4. ^ Anthropology professor Anna Tsing wins $5 million Danish research award
  5. ^ AURA stands for Aarhus University Research on The Anthropocene.
  6. ^ Aarhus University: AURA
  7. ^ "Plantation Legacies". 22 January 2019.
  8. ^ Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt (1994). In the realm of the diamond queen : marginality in an out-of-the-way place. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691000510. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Volume Information". Pacific Affairs. 68 (4): 634–644. 1995. JSTOR 2761271.
  10. ^ Jay, Sian (1995). "Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing: In the realm of the Diamond Queen: Marginality in an out-of-the-way place. Xvi, 350 pp. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. £10.95". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 58: 206–207. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00012660.
  11. ^ a b c Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt (2005). Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691120652.
  12. ^ McKenzie, Don (2006-05-02). "Connectivity and scale in cultural landscapes: A.L. Tsing, Friction: an Ethnography of Global Connection". Landscape Ecology. 22 (1): 157–158. doi:10.1007/s10980-006-9000-7. ISSN 0921-2973. S2CID 8616786.
  13. ^ author., Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt (23 October 2011). Friction : an ethnography of global connection. ISBN 978-1-4008-3059-6. OCLC 774293600.
  14. ^ a b c Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt (19 September 2017). Tsing, A.L.: The Mushroom at the End of the World: On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins. (eBook and Hardcover). press.princeton.edu. ISBN 9780691178325. Retrieved 2015-12-10.
  15. ^ "Blasted Landscapes (And the Gentle Art of Mushroom Picking)". The Multispecies Salon. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 2015-12-10.
  16. ^ Tsing, Anna (2010-01-01). "Arts of Inclusion, or How to Love a Mushroom". Manoa. 22 (2): 191–203.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2017-08-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "2016 Victor Turner Book Prizes in Ethnographic Writing | Society for Humanistic Anthropology".