Antenna array

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Antenna array is a systematic arrangement of radio antennas working together.

Kinds of antenna array include:

  • Antenna array (electromagnetic), a geometrical arrangement of antenna elements with a deliberate relationship between their currents, forming a single antenna usually to achieve a desired radiation pattern
  • Array factor, used to define an antenna array
  • Directional array, an antenna array optimized for directionality
  • Phased array, An antenna array where the phase shifts (and amplitudes) applied to the elements are modified electronically, typically in order to steer the antenna system's directional pattern, without the use of moving parts
  • Smart antenna, a phased array in which a signal processor computes phase shifts to optimize reception and/or transmission to a receiver on the fly, such as is performed by cellular telephone towers
  • Interferometric array of radio telescopes or optical telescopes, used to achieve high resolution through interferometric correlation
  • Watson-Watt / Adcock antenna array, using the Watson-Watt technique whereby two Adcock antenna pairs are used to perform an amplitude comparison on the incoming signal