Apatzingán

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Apatzingán
City
Apatzingán de la Constitución
Official seal of Apatzingán
Seal
Nickname(s): La Perla de Tierra Caliente, Cuna de la Constitución Mexicana
Apatzingán is located in Mexico
Apatzingán
Apatzingán
Location of Apatzingán in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°05′19″N 102°21′03″W / 19.08861°N 102.35083°W / 19.08861; -102.35083Coordinates: 19°05′19″N 102°21′03″W / 19.08861°N 102.35083°W / 19.08861; -102.35083
Country Mexico
State Michoacán
Municipality Apatzingán
Founded 1617
Government
 • Municipal President Uriel Chávez Mendoza (PRI)
Elevation 325 m (1,066 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 99,010
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 453
Website Official Website

Apatzingán (in full, Apatzingán de la Constitución) is a city and its surrounding municipality, in the west-central region of the Mexican state of Michoacán.

Geography[edit]

The Municipality of Apatzingán is located in the Tierra Caliente Valley. It has an area of 1,656.67 km² (639.64 sq mi), and reported a population of 99,010 (2010).

The city of Apatzingán is the fourth-largest in Michoacán (behind Morelia, Uruapan, and Zamora), with a 2005 census population of 93,180 persons.

The major Sierra Madre del Sur mountain range and the municipality of Coalcomán de Vázquez Pallares are to the west.

History[edit]

Mexico's Constitution of Apatzingán was signed in the city in 1814, during the Mexican War of Independence in the Viceroyalty of New Spain against the Spanish Empire.

Cartels[edit]

Recently Apatzingán has received media attention because of the strong presence of notorious, powerful and wealthy drug trafficking cartels.[2] The city is home to the Knights Templar Cartel, led by Servando Gómez Martínez, known as "La Tuta", originally a teacher in Arteaga. In October 2013, the cartel carried out a series of attacks on electricity plants and offices of the Comisión Federal de Electricidad, and attacked a protest march organized by community defense groups against the cartels.[3] The Bishop of Apatzingán, Miguel Patiño, released a letter calling Michocacán a failed state ruled by drug lords, and described the citizens of Apatzingán as living in perpetual fear of the cartels and the related violence, extortion and kidnappings.[4]

Climate[edit]

Despite having an annual precipitation of 752 millimetres (29.6 in), Apatzingán has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification Bsh) due to its hot temperatures and high evaporation rates.[5]

Climate data for Apatzingán
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
43.0
(109.4)
46.5
(115.7)
44.0
(111.2)
43.0
(109.4)
39.5
(103.1)
39.0
(102.2)
41.5
(106.7)
43.0
(109.4)
37.0
(98.6)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
33.8
(92.8)
36.4
(97.5)
39.0
(102.2)
40.0
(104)
37.8
(100)
34.7
(94.5)
34.1
(93.4)
33.7
(92.7)
34.1
(93.4)
34.0
(93.2)
32.9
(91.2)
35.2
(95.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
26.0
(78.8)
28.4
(83.1)
30.7
(87.3)
32.7
(90.9)
31.6
(88.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.3
(81.1)
25.7
(78.3)
28.4
(83.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
18.1
(64.6)
20.3
(68.5)
22.4
(72.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.5
(77.9)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
22.7
(72.9)
22.2
(72)
20.7
(69.3)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
Record low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
17.5
(63.5)
15.0
(59)
17.0
(62.6)
18.5
(65.3)
19.0
(66.2)
14.0
(57.2)
11.0
(51.8)
10.0
(50)
8.5
(47.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.1
(0.673)
1.1
(0.043)
0.8
(0.031)
0.6
(0.024)
11.2
(0.441)
129.5
(5.098)
166.2
(6.543)
175.2
(6.898)
148.5
(5.846)
81.9
(3.224)
14.6
(0.575)
5.2
(0.205)
751.9
(29.602)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.6 11.4 14.6 14.3 12.3 5.6 1.5 0.6 64.1
Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Principales resultados por localidad 2010 (ITER)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2010. 
  2. ^ Mexico: State Legislator Hacked to Death During an Interview Reuters September 12, 2013
  3. ^ http://aristeguinoticias.com/2810/mexico/video-asi-fue-la-balacera-entre-comunitarios-y-templarios-el-sabado-en-apatzingan-michoacan/
  4. ^ http://www.proceso.com.mx/?p=357071
  5. ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  6. ^ NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1971-2000 (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Mexico. Retrieved August 28, 2012.

External links[edit]