South American cougar
|South American cougar|
|Cougar at Iguaçu National Park, Brazil|
P. c. concolor
|Puma concolor concolor|
(Linnaeus, 1771; Gay, 1847; Pelzeln, 1883)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2018)
Initially, a number of subspecies were described for South America:
- The type specimen for which Carl Linnaeus described Felis concolor in 1771 was from French Guiana.
- In 1782, Molina described concolor puma from Chile.
- In 1940, Puma concolor cabrerae was proposed by Reginald Innes Pocock to be native to northern Argentina.
- In 1946, concolor capricornensis was described by Goldman from Brazil.
The cougar preys on birds, deer, sloths, mice, frogs, agoutis, and lizards. Sympatric predators include the spectacled bear, whose cubs the cougar may prey on, and jaguar. In spite of coexisting with the larger jaguar in places like Sangay National Park in Ecuador, the cougar's prey tends to be small. They rarely prey on domesticated animals.
In San Guillermo National Park, 80% of the cougar's diet is composed of vicuñas, while 11% is from mice, and 9% from hares. The cougar also preys on the guanaco. When harassed by Andean condor, they may abandon their kills, which causes them to kill 50% more prey than North American cougars.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2018)
The cougar holds historical cultural significance amongst many Southern Native Americans. For example, the cougar's name was used for Incan regions and people. The Chankas, die hard enemies of the Incas had the cougar as their deity.
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- Nowell, Kristin; Jackson, Peter (1996). Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. pp. 1–334. ISBN 2-8317-0045-0.
- Servheen, C.; Herrero, S.; Peyton, B. (1999). Bears: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Missoula, Montana: IUCN/SSC Bear Specialist Group. ISBN 978-2-8317-0462-3.
- "Sympatric Jaguar and Puma". Ecology.info. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
- "Cougar Subspecies". Panthera Corporation. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
- "The Study Subjects: Vicunas and Pumas Wildlife Ecology in San Guillermo National Park". University of Wyoming. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
- Elbroch, L. Mark; Wittmer, Heiko U. (January 3, 2013). "Nuisance Ecology: Do Scavenging Condors Exact Foraging Costs on Pumas in Patagonia?". PLOS ONE. 8: e53595. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053595. PMC 3536754.
- Tarmo, Kulmar. "On the role of Creation and Origin Myths in the Development of Inca State and Religion". Electronic Journal of Folklore. Kait Realo (translator). Estonian Folklore Institute. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2007.
- Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.
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