Cupressus arizonica

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Cupressus arizonica
Cup glabra foliage.jpg
Cupressus arizonica var. glabra (smooth Arizona cypress) foliage
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cupressaceae
Genus: Cupressus
Species: C. arizonica
Binomial name
Cupressus arizonica
Cupressus arizonica range map 1.png
Natural range of Cupressus arizonica
Synonyms[1]

Cupressus arizonica, the Arizona cypress, is a North American species of trees in the cypress family. It is native to the southwestern United States (Arizona, Utah, southwestern New Mexico, and southern California, with a few populations in southern Nevada and in the Chisos Mountains of western Texas), and in Mexico (Coahuila, Chihuahua, Sonora, Durango, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas and northern Baja California).[2][3] In the wild, the species is often found in small, scattered populations, not necessarily in large forests. An example occurrence is within the Sierra Juárez and San Pedro Mártir pine-oak forests of Mexico,[4] where it is found along with canyon live oak and California fan palm.

Description[edit]

Cupressus arizonica is a coniferous evergreen tree with a conic to ovoid-conic crown. It grows to heights of 10–25 m (32.8-82.0 ft), and its trunk diameter reaches 0.5 m (19.7 in). The foliage grows in dense sprays, varying from dull gray-green to bright glaucous blue-green. The leaves are scale-like, 2–5 mm long, and produced on rounded (not flattened) shoots. The seed cones are globose to oblong, 15–33 mm long, with 6 or 8 (rarely 4 or 10) scales, green at first, maturing gray or gray-brown about 20–24 months after pollination. The cones remain closed for many years, only opening after the parent tree is killed in a wildfire, thereby allowing the seeds to colonize the bare ground exposed by the fire. The male cones are 3–5 mm long, and release pollen in February–March.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Up to five varieties are distinguished by some botanists,[1] and these are sometimes treated as distinct species:

Uses[edit]

Arizona cypress, particularly the strongly glaucous C. arizonica var. glabra, is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Unlike Monterey cypress, it has proved highly resistant to cypress canker, caused by the fungus Seiridium cardinale, and growth is reliable where this disease is prevalent.

The cultivar 'Pyramidalis'[5] has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cupressus arizonica Greene". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List. 
  2. ^ "Cupressus arizonica". SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter: photos, description, distribution map. 
  3. ^ a b Eckenwalder, James E. (1993). "Cupressus arizonica". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 2. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  4. ^ National Geographic 2001.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Cupressus arizonica 'Blue Ice'". Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 26. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]