|Neighborhood of Jacksonville|
from the left, Fort Caroline, Jacksonville University, Marabanong mansion, Ribault Monument and the Mathews Bridge.
|• Florida House||Reggie Fullwood
|• Florida Senate||Aaron Bean
|• U.S. House||Ander Crenshaw (R)|
|• Land||64.307 sq mi (166.55 km2)|
|• Total||120,593 |
|• Density||1,875/sq mi (724/km2)|
|ZIP Code||32277, 32211, 32225|
Arlington is a large neighborhood of Jacksonville, Florida, generally understood as one of the city's large "sides", the others being Northside, Southside and Westside. It borders the Southside area at its southern end, and has several bridge connections to nearby beaches, the Northside and Downtown. The expansive neighborhood was incorporated into the city in 1968 as a result the Jacksonville Consolidation, a city-county consolidation of the governments of the City of Jacksonville and Duval County. Arlington is known for its mid-century modern architecture, and contains several architectural significant homes designed by local architects Robert C. Broward, Taylor Hardwick, and William Morgan.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Arlington was one of the first areas in the United States visited by Europeans; it was the site of the French Fort Caroline in 1564-1565, now represented by the Fort Caroline National Memorial. After the destruction of Fort Caroline, the area was only sparsely inhabited until the 19th century, when sawmills and plantations were established along the St. Johns River. After the American Civil War these gave way to residential developments, which were gradually absorbed into the Arlington community as it grew.
Completed in 1910, Atlantic Boulevard was Florida's first modern "improved" highway and is considered to have been the beginning of the state's highway system. The highway connects the mainland portion of the city of Jacksonville with the Jacksonville Beaches. Its eastern terminus is in the San Marco neighborhood; running through Arlington and on to the Atlantic Ocean at the Jacksonville Beaches. First proposed in the 1890s by Eugene F. Gilbert, who personally paid for land surveys and eventually convinced the Duval County Commission to use convict labor to start building the road. A new set of county commissioners would eventually terminate the project as it neared completion. The road was eventually completed after the arrival of the automobile. Originally only 18 feet (5.5 m) wide, the road would soon draw criticism as being too narrow for the large amount of traffic carried between the mainland and the beach.
In 1947 the administration of Jacksonville University purchased land in the Arlington neighborhood on which to establish a main campus. The first building was completed in 1950 and classes officially began. The same year the school received full accreditation as a two-year college from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). Originally known as William J. Porter University, Jacksonville University was founded in 1934 by William J. Porter. It began as a small private two-year college. Sixty students were enrolled in Porter University's first year of operation. The school changed its name to Jacksonville Junior College in 1935. It relocated three times over the next fifteen years, but the influx of GI bill students following the end of World War II made a permanent location necessary. The school received full accreditation in 1962 as a four-year school from SACS.
Following the 1953 opening of the Mathews Bridge the Arlington area experienced a significant increase in development, maintaining a faster growth rate than any other area in Jacksonville for two decades. The Mathews Bridge is a cantilever bridge which spans the St. Johns River, brings traffic along the Arlington Expressway between Downtown Jacksonville and Arlington. Midway between downtown and the beaches, the Sandalwood neighborhood began developing in spring of 1960 and is just one example of the many planned subdivisions beginning to sprawl across the area at that time.
Opening in 1967, Regency Square Mall is an enclosed shopping mall developed by Regency Centers. Constructed at an expanse of sand dunes at an expense of $12 million, it initially featured three anchor stores: national chain JCPenney, along with May-Cohens and Furchgotts. The mall also included a Woolworth dime store as a junior anchor, a cafeteria style Piccadilly restaurant, as well as the single-screen Regency Cinema. Annie Tiques bar and restaurant opened on an outparcel of the mall. According to an Urban Land Institute study published by the Florida Times-Union in 1979, it was one of the most profitable retail centers in the nation, with yearly average sales of $156/ft² versus a national average of $88/ft². To give back to the community, the mall operators turned over thousands of dollars in coins from their decorative fountains to charities. All types of social events, from art shows to science fairs to horticultural exhibits were held there.
Construction of the Dames Point Bridge began in 1985 and was completed in 1989. The bridge crosses the St. Johns River using a cable-stayed design, connecting Arlington to the Northside of Jacksonville. designed by HNTB Corporation and RS&H, Inc, and constructed by The Massman Construction Company, the main span is 1,300 feet (396.2 m), and is 175 feet (53.3 m) high. When built, it was longest concrete cable-stayed bridge in the world. 
Together with Northside, Westside, and Southside, Arlington is considered one of the large sections of Jacksonville. Initially, Arlington was a small settlement across the St. Johns River east of the present day central business district. The area grew substantially in the latter part of the 20th century, and now includes many smaller neighborhoods and developments. Today it refers to most of Jacksonville east and south of the St. Johns, west of the Intracoastal Waterway, and north of the Arlington River and Southside. Using GIS to sort 87 businesses with "Arlington" in their name, McEwen came to a similar definition, though noted that Arlington overlaps with Southside at its southern end.
|Climate data for Jacksonville, Florida (Jacksonville Int'l), 1981−2010 normals,[a] extremes 1871−present[b]|
|Record high °F (°C)||85
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||79.7
|Average high °F (°C)||64.8
|Average low °F (°C)||41.4
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||23.7
|Record low °F (°C)||7
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.30
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||8.3||7.6||8.2||5.7||6.4||13.9||13.8||15.0||12.2||8.2||6.8||7.4||113.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||74.9||72.2||71.2||69.5||72.7||76.8||77.7||80.3||80.8||78.6||77.7||76.7||75.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||189.4||193.8||257.9||286.4||303.9||283.6||282.0||262.4||228.2||214.6||193.9||183.6||2,879.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||59||62||69||74||72||67||65||64||62||61||61||58||65|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)|
Parks and open spaces
- Fort Caroline
- Jacksonville Arboretum & Gardens
- Norman Studios
- Palm and Cycad Arboretum
- Timucuan Preserve
- Tree Hill Nature Center
The Regency area describes the commercial and retail development centered around Regency Square Mall. The commercial district encompasses an area equitable in size to Jacksonville's downtown, and consist of multiple corridors along the Southside Connector (SR 113). These include SR 115 (Southside Boulevard), SR 10 (Atlantic Boulevard), Regency Square Boulevard and Tredinick Parkway. In a 2010 Arlington vision plan, citizens recognized the Regency Square Mall property as being ripe for redevelopment, with the potential to attract new businesses and consumers. The comprehensive report covered environmental, economic, and quality of life issues in the Greater Arlington region. The groups approach to the mall property was to redevelop the land with transportation and density in mind. The approach would entail mix-used structures, a gridded street pattern, and infill development. Emphasis is put on the vastness of the area and its equitable size to downtown. Crowley Maritime Corporation, an international provider of marine solutions, energy and logistics services, is headquartered in the Regency business district. As of July 2016, the company was ranked the 13th largest private company in Florida, with revenue of $2.2 billion.
Jacksonville University (JU) is a private university founded in 1934. It is a member of the Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) and the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). JU offers more than 70 majors and programs at the undergraduate level, 23 Master degree programs and doctorate degree programs, leading to the M.S., M.A., M.A.T., and Master of Business Administration, and Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP). The University is divided into four colleges and two institutes: the College of Arts and Sciences, the Davis College of Business (DCOB), the College of Fine Arts (CFA), the Brooks Rehabilitation College of Healthcare Sciences (BRCHS), the Marine Science Research Institute (MSRI), and its newest addition, the Public Policy Institute (PPI).
The south campus of Florida State College at Jacksonville is located at 11901 Beach Boulevard.
Jacksonville Executive at Craig Airport (IATA: CRG, ICAO: KCRG, FAA LID: CRG) is a public airport owned by the Jacksonville Aviation Authority. The airport covers an area of 1,432 acres (580 ha) containing two asphalt paved runways: 5/23 measuring 4,004 x 120 ft and 14/32 measuring 4,008 x 120 ft. The mid-sized general aviation airport handling 400-500 aircraft operations daily, consisting of personal aircraft and small commuter planes. On June 15, 1946, the United States Navy's Blue Angels performed their first airshow at Jacksonville Executive at Craig Airport.
Arlington is served by several Jacksonville Transportation Authority (JTA) bus routes. On December 1, 2014, JTA underwent a complete system redesign called Route Optimization. This was to provide more frequent, more direct, and more reliable service. The new routes in Arlington were as follows. 
- 8 Beach / Town Center
- 9 Arlington / Beach
- 10 Atlantic
- 18 Atlantic / Monument
- 19 Arlington
- 23 Townsend / Southside
- 50 University
- 202 Mayport Express
- 205 Beaches Express
- 308 Arlington Community Shuttles
Roadways and bridges
Several major limited access highways traverse Arlington. These include:
To Downtown: the Mathews Bridge
To the Northside: the Dames Point Bridge, officially known as the Napoleon Bonaparte Broward Bridge.
- Neighborhoods of Jacksonville
- Architecture of Jacksonville
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Duval County, Florida
- Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
- Official records for Jacksonville were kept at downtown from September 1871 to December 1955, Imeson Field from January 1, 1956 to January 18, 1971, and at Jacksonville Int'l since January 19, 1971. For more information, see Threaded Station Extremes.
- "Greater Arlington neighborhood". www.city-data.com. Retrieved January 1, 2018.
- Frommer's USA. 2009. Page 364
- Bill Foley, Atlantic, Girvin met on road in 1910, Florida Times Union, 25 July 1998
- Bill Foley, A 'typical Yankee' is to thank for road, Florida Times Union, 20 August 1997
- Charles E. Foote, Road Improvement in the Far South, The Horseless Age 35(9), pages 351-352. March 10, 1915.
- Humphrey, Joe (September 29, 2000). "The hidden treasure awaiting excavation". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- "Timeline". www.ju.edu. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- "75th Anniversary". www.ju.edu. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- Conner, Deirdre:"Saving Arlington: What residents are doing to save it" Florida Times-Union, February 14, 2010
- Hannan, Larry (March 10, 2009). "Dames Point bridge reaches 20-year mark". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- Stepzinski, Teresa (March 9, 2014). "Dames Point bridge spans 25 years, uniting city, sparking growth". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- Wood, pp. 302–303.
- McEwen, p. 64, 69.
- "NWS Jacksonville, FL [Climate Page]". noaa.gov.
- "Threaded Extremes". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- "FL Jacksonville". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "WMO climate normals for Jacksonville/WSO AP, FL 1961−1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "Greater Arlington/Beaches Greater Arlington/Beaches Vision Plan". Zyscovich Architects. City of Jacksonville Planning and Development Department. 2010. pp. 35–36. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- "Crowley Career & Scholarships". Edumaritime.com. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- Amy Keller, Mike Vogel (July 1, 2016). "Florida Trend 350". Florida Trend. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
- FAA Airport Master Record for CRG ( PDF), effective 2007-10-25
- "Celebrating the River: A Plan for Downtown Jacksonville" (PDF). www.coj.net. City of Jacksonville. 2000. pp. 34–35. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
- McEwen, John W. (2007). "The Vernacular Neighborhoods of Jacksonville, Florida: Can GIS Help Determine their Boundaries?". The Florida Geographer. 38: 54–71.
- Ward, James Robertson (1985). Old Hickory's Town. Old Hickory's Town, Inc. ASIN B000OL8E9O.
- Wood, Wayne (1992). Jacksonville's Architectural Heritage. University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-0953-7.
- Citizens Planning Advisory Committee
- Jacksonville Sheriff's Office - Zone 2
- Visit Jacksonville - Arlington
- Arlington Council for the JAX Chamber
- Greater Arlington Civic Council
- Old Arlington, Inc.
- Rotary Club of Arlington
- Arlington Kiwanis
- Revitalize Arlington, Inc.