Arthur Ochs Sulzberger
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|Arthur Ochs Sulzberger|
February 5, 1926|
New York City, New York
|Died||September 29, 2012
Southampton, New York
|Alma mater||Columbia University|
|Known for||publishing The Pentagon Papers
Publisher of The New York Times
|Relatives||Adolph Ochs (grandfather)
Isaac Mayer Wise (great-grandfather)
Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger Sr. (February 5, 1926 – September 29, 2012) was an American publisher and a businessman.
Born into a prominent media and publishing family, Sulzberger became Publisher of The New York Times and Chairman of the Board of The New York Times Company in 1963. Sulzberger relinquished to his son, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., the Office of Publisher in 1992, and Chairman of the Board in 1997.
Early life and education
Sulzberger was born on February 5, 1926, in New York City to Jewish parents Arthur Hays Sulzberger and Iphigene Bertha Ochs (daughter of Adolph Ochs, the former publisher and owner of The New York Times and the Chattanooga Times and granddaughter of Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise). Sulzberger graduated from the Loomis Institute, and then enlisted into the United States Marine Corps during World War II, serving from 1944 to 1946, in the Pacific Theater. He earned a B.A. degree in English and History in 1951 at Columbia University. As a member of the Marine Forces Reserve he was recalled to active duty during the Korean War. Following completion of officer training, he saw duty in Korea and then in Washington, D.C., before being inactivated.
Publisher of The New York Times
Sulzberger became publisher of The New York Times in 1963, after the death of his sister Marian's husband, Orvil Dryfoos, who had been publisher for less than two years. Sulzberger was 37 at the time, the youngest publisher in Times history. Prior to Dryfoos, Sulzberger's father, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, and maternal grandfather, Adolph Ochs, were the publishers, and also the chairs of the board of The New York Times Company.
In the 1960s Sulzberger built a large news-gathering staff at The Times, and was publisher when the newspaper won a Pulitzer Prize in 1972 for publishing The Pentagon Papers. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1988. His son Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. succeeded him as the newspaper's publisher in 1992. Sulzberger remained chairman of The New York Times Company until October 1997.
Personal life and death
Sulzberger was married three times. In 1948, he married Barbara Winslow Grant (of mostly Scottish and English heritage) in a civil ceremony at her parents' home in Purchase, New York. He divorced in 1956, and married Carol Fox Fuhrman in December 1956. She died in 1995. In 1996, he married Allison Stacey Cowles, widow of William H. Cowles, 3rd. (died 1992), who was part of the Cowles family which owns The Spokesman-Review of Spokane, Wash.
In 2005, the Newspaper Association of America (NAA) honored Sulzberger with the Katharine Graham Lifetime Achievement Award. Sulzberger dedicated the Wellesley College pub, aptly named "Punch's Alley," in honor of his wife, Allison, a class of 1955 Wellesley alum.
Publication of the Pentagon Papers
- New York Times: "Iphigene Ochs Sulzberger Is Dead; Central Figure in Times's History" February 27, 1990
- American Jewish Archives: "A Finding Aid to the Isaac Mayer Wise Papers. 1838-1931 - Manuscript Collection No. 436" retrieved September 27, 2015
- May, Max Benjamin (1992). Isaac Mayer Wise: The Founder of American Judaism; a Biography. Littman Library Of Jewish Civilization. p. 380. ISBN 978-0197100592.
- Haberman, Clyde (September 29, 2012). "Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, 1926 - 2012: Publisher Who Transformed The Times for New Era". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter S" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
- New England Historic Genealogical Society - American Ancestors: #42 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: Yankee Ancestors, Mayflower Lines, and Royal Descents and Connections of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. by Gary Boyd Roberts; dated December 1, 1999
- Barbara W. Grant Is Bride In Garden" New York Times, (July 3, 1948), p. 7
- New Yorker Magazine: "Old Times, New Times" by Edwin Diamond September 30, 1991
- Kershner, Jim. "Allison Cowles dies at 75". The Spokesman-Review. April 25, 2010. http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2010/apr/25/allison-cowles-dies-75/
- New York Times: "WEDDINGS;Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Allison Stacey Cowles" March 10, 1996
- "Former Times Publisher Wins Newspaper Award". The New York Times. April 4, 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "New York Times ex-chief Arthur Sulzberger Sr dies". BBC News. September 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- Floyd Abrams, Speaking Freely, published by Viking Press (2005), Page 12.
- Behind the Times: Inside the New New York Times, by Edwin Diamond. Villard Books.
- The Trust: The Private and Powerful Family Behind The New York Times, by Alex S. Jones, Susan E. Tifft. Back Bay Books (2000), ISBN 0-316-83631-1.
|The New York Times Company Publisher
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr.