Satrap of Egypt
|Pharaoh||Cambyses II to Darius I|
When king Cambyses II defeated pharaoh Psamtik III at the battle of Pelusium (525 BCE), Egypt became a satrapy of the Achaemenid empire, and Aryandes was appointed satrap shortly after. In 522 BCE, Aryandes was overthrown due to a revolt against the Achaemenid rule led by a native Egyptian pharaoh, Petubastis III. The rebellion was personally quelled by the new king Darius I during his expedition to Egypt in 518 BCE, and Aryandes reinstated. The satrap then attempted to subjugate Libya with poor results.
Around 496 BCE, Aryandes fell out of favour with Darius I and was deposed and replaced by Pherendates. The reason for this decision is unknown, with Polyaenus claiming that the satrap started minting his own silver coinage, thus irritating the king. It appears more likely that Darius had real concerns of a declaration of independence by Aryandes for his satrapy.
- Milne, J.G. (1936). "The Silver of Aryandes". Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. 24: 245–6.
- ARYANDES at the Encyclopædia Iranica.
| Satrap of Egypt
c.525 – 522 BCE
518 – c.496 BCE