Spithridates

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Coin of Spithridates, Achaemenid Satrap of Sparda (Lydia and Ionia), circa 334 BC

Spithridates (Greek: Σπιθριδάτης; lived 4th century BC) was a Persian satrap of Lydia and Ionia under the high king Darius III Codomannus. He was one of the Persian commanders at the Battle of the Granicus, in 334 BC, in which engagement, while he was aiming a blow from behind at Alexander the Great, his arm was cut off by Cleitus the Black and he subsequently died.[1] Diodorus calls him Spithrodates, and appears to confound him with Mithridates, the son-in-law of Darius, whom Alexander slew in the battle with his own hand; while what Arrian records of Spithridates, Diodorus accounts it for his brother Rhoesaces.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, 1.12.8, 15.8, 16.3
  2. ^ Diodorus, Bibliotheca historica, XVII. 19, 20
  3. ^ Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Alexander", 16 ; Moralia, "On the Fortune or the Virtue of Alexander", I. 2

Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.